The 2i's Coffee Bar: Difference between revisions

changed name from Sammy to Gussy.
(embed authority control with wikidata information)
(changed name from Sammy to Gussy.)
The '''2i's Coffee Bar''' was a [[coffee bar]] at 59 [[Old Compton Street]], [[Soho]], [[London]], between 1956 and 1970. It played a formative role in the emergence of Britain's [[pop music]] culture in the late 1950s, and several major stars including [[Tommy Steele]] and [[Cliff Richard]] were first discovered performing there.
==History==
The name of the 2i's derived from earlier owners, Freddie and SammyGussy Irani, who ran the venue until 1955.<ref name=storytellers>[http://musicstorytellers.wordpress.com/people-with-2i%E2%80%99s/ Musicstorytellers: People With 2i’s]. Retrieved 24 October 2013</ref> It was then taken over by Paul Lincoln &ndash; an [[Australian]] [[wrestler]] and wrestling [[Promoter (entertainment)|promoter]] known as "Dr. Death" &ndash; and Ray Hunter. They opened it as a coffee bar on 22 April 1956.<ref name=birthplace>[http://2iscoffeebar5670.blogspot.co.uk/ 2 I's Coffee bar, The Birthplace of British Rock]. Retrieved 25 October 2013</ref><ref name=glinert>{{cite web|url=http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=lsajhUAqX_wC&pg=PT508&dq=%222i%27s%22+++irani&hl=en&ei=7eyvTt6FJsm18QO9hpj2CA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%222i%27s%22%20%20%20irani&f=false|title=The London Compendium|publisher=Books.google.co.uk|accessdate=21 December 2014}}</ref> Tom Littlewood, previously its doorman and a [[judo]] instructor, became its manager in 1958.<ref name=storytellers/>
 
The [[basement]] of the coffee bar had [[live music]] making use of a small, 18-inch wide stage. Lincoln and Hunter started putting on [[skiffle]] groups; the first resident group were [[The Vipers Skiffle Group|the Vipers]], who included [[Wally Whyton]]. It soon won a clientele attracted because of its [[rock'n'roll]] music, and for a time became "the most famous music venue in England," and attracted talent spotters and music promoters such as [[Jack Good (producer)|Jack Good]], [[Larry Parnes]] and [[Don Arden]].<ref name=birthplace/>
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