A second edition appeared in 1738 in two volumes in folio, with 2,466 pages. This edition was supposedly retouched and amended in a thousand places, with a few added articles and some enlarged articles. Chambers was prevented from doing more because the booksellers were alarmed by a bill in [[Parliament of the United Kingdom|Parliament]] containing a clause to oblige the publishers of all improved editions of books to print their improvements separately. The bill, after passing the [[British House of Commons|House of Commons]], was unexpectedly thrown out by the [[House of Lords]]; but fearing that it might be revived, the booksellers thought it best to retreat though more than twenty sheets had been printed.
Five other editions were published in London from 1739 to 1751–1752. An edition was also published in [[Dublin]] in 1742; this and the London editions were all 2 volumes in folio. An Italian translation appearing in [[Venice]], 1748–1749, 4to, 9 vols., was the first complete Italian encyclopaedia. When Chambers was in France in 1739, he rejected very favorable proposals to publish an edition there dedicated to Louis XV.