Shatter cone: Difference between revisions

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'''Shatter cones''' are rare geological features that are only known to form in the [[bedrock]] beneath [[meteorite]] [[impact crater]]s or [[Underground nuclear testing|underground nuclear explosions]]. They are evidence that the rock has been subjected to a shock with pressures in the range of 2-30 [[Pascal (pressure)|GPa]].<ref name=French1998>{{cite book
| author = French, B.M.
| yeardate = 1998
| title = Traces of catastrophe
| publisher = Lunar and Planetary Institute
}}</ref><ref name=Sagy2004>{{cite journal
| author = Sagy, A.
| coauthorsauthor2 = Fineberg, J.; Reches, Z.
| yearauthor3 = 2004Reches, Z.
| date = 2004
| title = Shatter cones: Branched, rapid fractures formed by shock impact
| journal = Journal of Geophysical Research
| issue = Winter
| pages = s 3–10
| yeardate = 2005
| url = http://web.eps.utk.edu/~faculty/ifsg_files/newsletter/Winter_2005.pdf
| format = pdf
Image:Wells Creek shatter cones 1.JPG|Shatter cones developed in fine grained [[dolomite]] from the [[Wells Creek crater]], USA.
Image:ShatterCones.jpg|Shatter cones associated with the [[Serpent Mound]] [[cryptoexplosion]] structure in Adams County, southern Ohio. Scale in mm.
Image:Rochechouart Shattercone.jpg|30 &nbsp;cm-sized shatter cone in the Saint Gervais [[granite]] from the [[Rochechouart crater]], France.
Image:Kluft-photo-Shatter cones-Sep-2008-Img 1711.jpg|Shatter cones in the [[Santa Fe impact structure]] near [[Santa Fe, New Mexico]]
</gallery>
 
==References==
{{reflist}}
 
==See also==
* [[Shocked quartz]]
* [[Stishovite]]
 
==References==
{{reflist}}
 
==External links==
{{Commons category|Shatter cones}}
* [http://www.uwsp.edu/geo/projects/geoweb/participants/Dutch/Sudbury/SCMorphGSA99.htm Relationships Between Shatter Cones and Planar Surfaces at Sudbury, Ontario]
 
 
{{Impact cratering on Earth}}