Richard II of Capua: Difference between revisions

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'''Richard II''' (died [[1105]] or [[1106]]), called ''the Bald'', count of [[Aversa]] and [[prince of Capua]] from [[1090]] or [[1091]], was the eldest son and successor of [[Jordan I of Capua]] and [[Gaitelgrima]], daughter of Prince [[Guaimar IV of Salerno]]. He was named after his grandfather, [[Richard I of Capua]]. While digressing on this impressive lineage, the chronicler [[William of Apulia]] in his ''The Deeds of Robert Guiscard'' says that he "though now only a young man, already shows courage worthy of an adult." [http://www.leeds.ac.uk/history/weblearning/MedievalHistoryTextCentre/william%20ap%201.doc]
 
He succeeded to his father's dominions at a very young age and immediately he and his family were thrown out of their city by the capricious Capuans. He was an exile for the next seven years (during which a [[Lombards|Lombard]] named [[Lando IV of Capua|Lando IV]] reigned) until, upon reaching his majority, he requested the aid of his great uncle, the [[count of Sicily]], [[Roger I of Sicily|Roger I]], and his first cousin once removed, the [[duke of Apulia]], [[Roger Borsa]]. The two Rogers came, the former in exchange for the city of [[Naples]] and the latter for Richard's recognition of Apulian suzerainty, in May [[1098]] and [[siege of Capua|besieged Capua]] for forty days. It was an interesting siege, for [[Pope Urban II]], embroiled in a controversy with Count Roger, came down to discuss the legatine power in [[Sicily]] with him and [[Anselm of Aosta]], the [[archbishop of Canterbury]] in self-exile from King [[William II of England]], came to meet the pope. With the aid of Sicilian [[Saracens]], the city fell and the prince was reinstated, Apulian suzerainty acknowledged, and the pope and the count withdrew to [[Salerno]].