Pauline Christianity: Difference between revisions

(I substituted "Most of" for "Orthodox", since the usage in the text is confusing.)
(→‎As a pejorative term: Add other terms)
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The [[pejorative]] use of the expressionexpressions "Pauline Christianity", "Paulism" or "Paulanity"<ref>{{cite book|last1=Ide|first1=Arthur Frederick|title=Battered & Bruised: All the Women of the Old Testament|date=1993|publisher=Monument Press|page=25}}</ref> relies in part upon a thesis that Paul's supporters, as a distinct group, had an undue influence on the [[Development of the Christian biblical canon|formation of the canon of scripture]], and also that certain bishops, especially the [[Bishop of Rome]], influenced the debates by which the dogmatic formulations known as the [[creed]]s came to be produced, thus ensuring a Pauline interpretation of the gospel. The thesis is founded on differences between the views of Paul and the [[Early centers of Christianity#Jerusalem|Apostles in Jerusalem]], and also between the picture of Paul in the Acts of the Apostles and his own writings, such that it is claimed that the essential Jewish or [[Old Testament]] character of the faith was lost.
Christian anarchists, such as [[Leo Tolstoy]] and [[Ammon Hennacy]], believe Paul distorted [[Ministry of Jesus|Jesus' teachings]]. Tolstoy claims Paul was instrumental in the church's "deviation" from Jesus' teaching and practices, whilst Hennacy believed "Paul spoiled the message of Christ."<ref>{{cite book |title=Church and State |last=Tolstoy |first=Leo |authorlink=Leo Tolstoy |coauthors= |year=1882 |publisher= |location= |isbn= |page= |pages= |url= |accessdate= |quote=This deviation begins from the times of the Apostles and especially from that hankerer after mastership Paul}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |title=The Book of Ammon |last=Hennacy |first=Ammon |authorlink=Ammon Hennacy |coauthors= |year=1970 |publisher=Hennacy |location= |isbn= |page=475 |pages= |url= |accessdate= |quote=Paul and the Churches}}</ref> According to Tom O'Golo, the Ebionites believed Paul was a [[false prophet]] whose task was not to convert Romans to Christians but Christians to Romans.<ref name=Tom>{{cite book|title=Christ? No! Jesus? Yes!: A radical reappraisal of a very important life|author=Tom O'Golo|year=2011|page=81}}</ref> [[Irenaeus]], [[bishop of Lyon]], wrote in the latter half of the 2nd century that the Ebionites rejected Paul as an [[Antinomianism|apostate from the law]], using only a version of the Gospel according to St. Matthew, known as the [[Gospel of the Ebionites]].