Constitutio Antoniniana: Difference between revisions

 
== Analysis ==
The Roman Jurist Ulpian in his work ''Digest'' stated 'All persons throughout the Roman world were made Roman citizens by an edict of the Emperor Antoninus Caracalla'
According to [[Cassius Dio]], the only Roman historian to talk about this edict, and with only one sentence, the reasons [[Caracalla]] passed this law were mainly to increase the number of people available to tax. In the words of Cassius Dio: "This was the reason why he made all the people in his empire Roman citizens; nominally he was honouring them, but his real purpose was to increase his revenues by this means, inasmuch as aliens did not have to pay most of these taxes."<ref>[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Cassius_Dio/78*.html Cassius Dio, ''Roman History'', book 78, chapter 9.]</ref> It should, however, be noted that Cassius Dio generally saw Caracalla as a bad, contemptible emperor.
 
According to [[Cassius Dio]], the only Roman historian to talk about this edict, and with only one sentence, the reasons [[Caracalla]] passed this law were mainly to increase the number of people available to tax. In the words of Cassius Dio: "This was the reason why he made all the people in his empire Roman citizens; nominally he was honouring them, but his real purpose was to increase his revenues by this means, inasmuch as aliens did not have to pay most of these taxes."<ref>[http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Cassius_Dio/78*.html Cassius Dio, ''Roman History'', book 78, chapter 9.]</ref> It should, however, be noted that Cassius Dio generally saw Caracalla as a bad, contemptible emperor.
 
Another goal may have been to increase the number of men able to serve in the legions, as only full citizens could serve as [[legionaries]] in the [[Military history of the Roman Empire|Roman Army]]. Despite what might have been seen as easy benefits, the edict came at the cost to the [[Auxiliaries (Roman military)|auxiliaries]], which primarily consisted of non-citizen men, and led to [[barbarization]] of the Roman military{{Citation needed|date=October 2009}}.
Anonymous user