James Ford Rhodes: Difference between revisions

→‎Reception: Add cite on significance of 14th and 15th amendments
m (→‎Reception: fix cites)
(→‎Reception: Add cite on significance of 14th and 15th amendments)
In book VI, pp.&nbsp;35–40, Rhodes stated, "[Thaddeus] Stevens' [[Reconstruction Acts]], ostensibly in the interest of freedom, were an attack on civilization...[and] did not show wise constructive statesmanship in forcing unqualified Negro Suffrage on the South".<ref>Rhodes 1920</ref> To this assertion, Lynch responded that the acts allowed some time for transition away from the society that was built on slavery. He wrote,
<blockquote>"But for the adoption of the Congressional plan of Reconstruction and the subsequent legislation of the nation along the same line, the [[abolitionism|abolition]] of slavery through the ratification of the [[13th Amendment to the United States Constitution|13th Amendment]] would have been in name only, a legal and constitutional myth."<ref name="lynch362-363">Lynch (1917), "Error", pp. 362-363</ref></blockquote>That same year, Lynch published his own account, ''Facts about Reconstruction'' (1917).
Lynch noted that Rhodes concluded that Reconstruction had failed. He disagreed, saying that not all its goals had been accomplished but he believed that ratification of the [[14th Amendment to the US Constitution|14th]] and [[15th Amendment to the US Constitution|15th Amendment]]s in themselves made it a success, as all people of color were granted citizenship, which could not be restricted by race or color, and they were granted national suffrage.<ref name="lynch365">Lynch (1917), "Error", p. 365</ref> That same year, Lynch published his own book, ''Facts about Reconstruction'' (1917).
Rhodes became a member of the [[American Historical Association]]. He was elected as [[American Historical Association#Past presidents|its president]] in 1899 for the customary one-year term.
In the latter half of the 20th century, major new histories were published about the Civil War and Reconstruction that presented additional documentation for differing points of view from that of Rhodes.
==Legacy and honors==