U.S. Route 163: Difference between revisions

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{{Use mdy dates|date=January 2014}}
{{about|the current US 163|the road designated as US 163 in the 1930s|Iowa Highway 163}}
{{Infobox road
|length_ref=<ref name="ADOT Highway Log">{{cite web |url=http://tpd.az.gov/data/reports/2006SHSLog.pdf |title=2006 ADOT Highway Log |author=[[Arizona Department of Transportation]]|accessdate=2008-04-April 30, 2008}}</ref><ref name=udotroutelog>{{cite web
|url = http://www.dot.utah.gov/main/uconowner.gf?n=6665620678164985|title = Highway Reference information - Route 163|accessdate = February 3, 2008-02-03|publisher = Utah Department of Transportation}}</ref>
|established=1970<ref name=adotres163>{{cite web|url=http://www.azhighwaydata.com/resolutions/?resnum=1970-%20-047|publisher=Arizona Department of Transportation|title = Arizona DOT Right-of-Way Resolutions|accessdate=2008-03-March 30, 2008}}</ref>
|terminus_a={{jct|state=AZ|US|160}} south of [[Kayenta, Arizona|Kayenta, AZ]]
The southern terminus of US&nbsp;163 is located at a junction with [[U.S. Route 160 in Arizona|US 160]] south of [[Kayenta, Arizona|Kayenta]] in [[Navajo County, Arizona|Navajo County]] and [[Navajo Nation]]. The road continues to the south of this junction as [[Bureau of Indian Affairs]] (BIA) Route 591. US 163 heads north from US&nbsp;160 to the west of the [[Kayenta Airport]] as it passes through the town of [[Kayenta, Arizona|Kayenta]]. The highway curves towards the northeast in Kayenta before it curves back towards the north. As it continues towards the north, the highway goes through an [[s-curve]], resulting in a northeasterly heading. US 163 continues this heading as it heads toward [[Monument Valley]] and crosses the border into Utah.<ref>{{google maps |url=http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&hl=en&geocode=10818977684467706335,36.707750,-110.247170%3B16603538506835009275,36.997935,-110.175841&saddr=US-163+%4036.707750,+-110.247170&daddr=US-163+%4036.997935,+-110.175841&doflg=ptm&sll=36.85284,-110.223395&sspn=0.378563,0.639954&ie=UTF8&z=11 |title=overview map of US 163 in Arizona |accessdate=2008-04-April 30, 2008}}</ref> An {{convert|18|mi|km|sing=on}} stretch of the highway from approximately {{convert|5|mi|km|0}} north of the US 160 junction to the Utah border has been designated as a scenic route by the state of Arizona.<ref>{{cite web|author=[[Arizona Department of Transportation]]|title=ADOT Right-of-Way Resolution 1996-06-A-031|url=http://www.azhighwaydata.com/resolutions/?syear=1996&eyear=&crc=2&rtnum=163&submit1=Submit|accessdate=May 1, 2008-05-01}}</ref>
|publisher = [[American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials]]
|title = US Route Application
|date = August 1, 2008-08-01
|format = pdf
|accessdate = 2008-10-October 30, 2008}}</ref> The length of US&nbsp;163 in Utah has been designated the Bluff to Monument Valley [[Scenic byway]] by the [[Utah State Legislature]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.utah.com/byways/monument_valley.htm|title=Utah Office of Tourism|accessdate=2007-08-August 29, 2007}}</ref> and forms part of the Trail of the Ancients [[National Scenic Byway]].<ref>{{cite web
| url = http://www.byways.org/explore/byways/2597/
| title = Trail of the Ancients
| accessdate = 2007-11-November 21, 2007
| publisher = [[U.S. Department of Transportation]] National Scenic Byway program
}}</ref> All highways in Utah are codified in law; US&nbsp;163 is defined at Utah Code §72-4-122(3).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://le.utah.gov/~code/TITLE72/htm/72_04_012200.htm |title=Utah Code Annotated § 72-4-122(3)|publisher= State of Utah|accessdate=2008-03-March 20, 2008}}</ref>
[[File:US 163 Monument Valley.jpg|thumb|US 163 seen towards northeast.]]
The modern routing of US&nbsp;163 in Utah was initially designated as State Route 47, in 1910. SR&nbsp;47 extended to [[Monticello, Utah|Monticello]] at a junction with then [[U.S. Route 160]].<ref name=resolutions47>{{cite web|url=http://www.dot.utah.gov/main/uconowner.gf?n=200609140949561|title=Highway Resolutions SR 47|publisher=Utah Department of Transportation|accessdate=February 7, 2008-02-07}}</ref> In Arizona, the road appeared on maps as early as 1935, but it was still an unimproved dirt road at the time.<ref>{{cite map|publisher=Arizona State Highway Department|title=Road Map of Arizona|year=1935|accessdate=May 1, 2008-05-01|url=http://www.arizonaroads.com/maps/index.html}}</ref> The Arizona portion was added to the state highway system in 1960 when it was designated as State Route 464.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.azhighwaydata.com/resolutions/?resnum=1961-%20-041|title=ADOT Right-of-Way Resolution 1961-041|accessdate=2008-04-April 30, 2008|author=[[Arizona Department of Transportation]]}}</ref>
In 1970, US&nbsp;163 was designated along SR&nbsp;464 in Arizona and SR&nbsp;47 in Utah as part of a re-alignment of U.S. highways in the [[Four Corners]] region.<ref name=adotres163/> With the re-alignment, US&nbsp;160 was re-routed into Arizona instead of Utah. US&nbsp;163 also absorbed the former route of US&nbsp;160 to its former terminus at [[Interstate 70 (Utah)|Interstate 70]] at [[Crescent Junction, Utah|Crescent Junction]]. In 1981, [[AASHTO]] approved a new iteration of [[U.S. Route 191]] that absorbed much of the alignment of US&nbsp;163.<ref name=resolutions163>{{cite web|url=http://www.dot.utah.gov/main/uconowner.gf?n=200609190935441|title=Highway Resolutions SR 163|publisher=Utah Department of Transportation|accessdate=February 7, 2008-02-07}} {{Dead link|date=April 2012|bot=H3llBot}}</ref> Utah truncated US&nbsp;163 at [[Bluff, Utah|Bluff]]. The truncation was made without approval from AASHTO, as the AASHTO logs placed the northern terminus of US&nbsp;163 at I-70 at Crescent Junction.<ref name=resolutions163/>
[[Image:Monumentvalleyviewfromnorth.jpg|thumb|left|View of Monument Valley in Utah, looking south on US 163]]
The state of Utah signed a joint intent with the [[Navajo Nation]] and [[San Juan County, Utah|San Juan County]] in 1986 to construct a new highway to connect [[Bluff, Utah|Bluff]] with [[Montezuma Creek, Utah|Montezuma Creek]]. Businesses in Monument Valley asked the Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) to request extensions of US&nbsp;163 and [[U.S. Route 666 (Utah)|US 666]] using this new road.<ref name=resolutions666>{{cite web|url=http://www.dot.utah.gov/main/uconowner.gf?n=566642327241913602|title=Highway Resolutions SR-666|publisher=Utah Department of Transportation|accessdate=February 7, 2008-02-07}}</ref> The proposal would have US 163 run from [[Cedar City, Utah|Cedar City]] to [[U.S. Route 160 (Colorado)|US 160]] near [[Cortez, Colorado]] along the routes of [[Utah State Route 14|State Route 14]], [[U.S. Route 89]], [[Arizona State Route 98]], [[U.S. Route 160]], the current US&nbsp;163, the new road from Bluff to Montezuma Creek, and [[Colorado State Highway 41]]. The proposal for US&nbsp;666 would extend to [[Richfield, Utah|Richfield]] via upgrades to [[Utah State Route 95|State Route 95]] and [[Utah State Route 24|State Route 24]].<ref name=resolutions666/> UDOT submitted the proposal for US&nbsp;666 to AASHTO, which was rejected. AASHTO cited that the route was not direct, and SR-24 was not built to U.S. Highway standards.<ref name=resolutions666/> UDOT did not pursue the extension of US&nbsp;163, even though the Utah state legislature had already approved the new road from Bluff to Montezuma creek as route 163.<ref name=resolutions163/>
With this extension the Utah definition of US&nbsp;163 conflicted with the AASHTO definition. UDOT resolved this discrepancy by signing the extended portion as State Route 163. In 2004, the plan to extend US&nbsp;163 was abandoned, and the extension was renumbered [[Utah State Route 162|SR-162]] to "make the state route numbers run synonymous with the U.S. route designation."<ref name=resolutions163/> Although the state changed the definition of US&nbsp;163 back to match the national definition in 2004, the portion north of Bluff remained unsigned.<ref name=resolutions163/><ref name=mapguy>{{cite web|url=http://www.usends.com/Focus/Crescent/index.html|title=Images of current and historical signs at junction of US&nbsp;163, US&nbsp;191, US&nbsp;6, US&nbsp;50 and I-70 at Crescent Junction|author=Dale Sanderson|accessdate=May 1, 2008-05-01}}</ref> In October 2008, UDOT requested and obtained approval to truncate US&nbsp;163 to the junction with US&nbsp;191.<ref name=aashto/>
==Junction list==
|road={{jct|state=UT|SR|261}} &ndashnbsp; [[Goosenecks State Park]], [[Valley of the Gods]]