Paul Fagius: Difference between revisions

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===Life===
 
HeFagius was born at [[Rheinzabern]], in 1504. His father was a teacher and council clerk. In 1515 he went to study at the [[Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg|University of Heidelberg]] and in 15211518 was present at the [[Heidelberg Disputation]]. In 1522 he moved to the University of [[Strasbourg]], towhere studyhe learnt Hebrew withand met [[WolfgangMatthäus CapitoZell]]., He[[Martin also worked as a schoolmasterBucer]] and grew to be a friend of [[MartinWolfgang BucerCapito]].
 
In 1527 he became a school master in the free imperial city of [[Isny im Allgäu]]. Fagius took part in the Bern Colloquy, where he met the reformer [[Huldrych Zwingli]]. In 1535 he returned to the University of Strasbourg to devote himself to his study of theology.
In 1544, he was appointed Professor of Old Testament studies at Strasburg, moving in 1546 to [[Heidelberg]] at the invitation of [[Fredrick II]].
 
Fagius returned to Isny as a priest in 1537. There he learnt Hebrew from the Jewish grammarian and publisher [[Elia Levita]], and they founded a printing office together. One of the few known works to be published by this partnership was ''[[Shemot Devarim]]'', an Old Yiddish-Hebrew-Latin-German dictionary, in 1542.
After the defeat of the [[Schmalkaldic League]] in 1547, both Bucer and Fagius were dismissed from their positions, and sought refuge in England, where they were taken in by [[Thomas Cranmer]]. In 1549, they were both given academic appointments at [[Cambridge University]].
 
In 1543 he organised the ''Kirchenwesen'' in [[Konstanz]] and in 1544 was appointed Professor of Old Testament studies at Strasbourg. In 1546 he moved back to Heidelberg, after Prince [[Frederick II of Pfalz|Frederick II]] charged him with reforming the University of Heidelberg. Fagius however encountered such strong opposition that his reform failed and he returned to Strasbourg.
In 1549, Fagius died from plague, and was buried in St Margaret's Church, Cambridge. Under Queen [[Mary I of England|Mary's]] Catholic restoration, his remains were exhumed and burnt (as were Bucer's); in 1560 a memorial was again set up to him.
 
With the rise of the [[Counter-Reformation]] Paul Fagius found himself under pressure. After the defeat of the [[Schmalkaldic League]] in 1547, bothFagius, Bucerwho andhad Fagiusopposed werethe [[Augsburg Interim]], found himself dismissed from theirhis positionsposition, andalong with Martin Bucer. Both sought refuge in England, where they were taken in by [[Thomas Cranmer]]. In 1549, theyFagius werewas bothappointed givenProfessor academicof appointmentsHebrew at the [[Cambridge University of Cambridge]].
 
InAfter 1549,being briefly active in Hebrew philology and interpreting the Old Testament Fagius died from plague in 1549, and was buried in St Margaret's Church, Cambridge. Under Queen [[Mary I of England|Mary's]] Catholic restoration, his remains were exhumed and burnt (as were Bucer's); in 1560 a memorial was again set up to him.
 
===Works===
*Parvus Tractulus (1542)
 
===Sources= References ==
 
* MacCulloch, D., Thomas Cranmer: ''A life'' (1996)
* Raubenheimer, Richard: ''Paul Fagius aus Bergzabern: sein Leben und Wirken als Reformator und Gelehrter.'' Grünstadt, Verein für pfälzische Kirchengeschichte, 1957
* [[Neue Deutsche Biographie]] vol. 4, p744.
* [[Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie]] [http://mdz.bib-bvb.de/digbib/lexika/adb/images/adb006/@ebt-link?target=idmatch(entityref,adb0060535) vol. 6, pp533-534]
* [[Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon]] [http://www.bautz.de/bbkl/f/fagius_p.shtml vol. 1, col. 1592-1593]
 
==External links==
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*''This article is partially based on a translation of the [[:de:Paul Fagius|corresponding German-languge Wikipedia article]].''
 
[[Category:1504 births|Fagius, Paul]]
[[Category:1549 deaths|Fagius, Paul]]
[[Category:German academics|Fagius, Paul]]
[[Category:German religious figures|Fagius, Paul]]
 
[[de:Paul Fagius]]