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Filling in 9 references using Reflinks
'''Birkhäuser''' is a former [[Swiss]] [[publisher]] founded in 1879 by [[Emil Birkhäuser]]. It was acquired by [[Springer Science+Business Media]] in 1985. Today it is an [[imprint]] used by two companies in unrelated fields:
* Springer continues to publish science (particularly: history of science, geosciences, computer science) and mathematics books and journals under the Birkhäuser imprint (with a leaf logo) sometimes called Birkhäuser Science.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.springer.com/birkhauser/about+us?SGWID=0-40298-0-0-0 |title=About us Journals, Academic Books & Online Media &#124; Birkhäuser |publisher=Springer.com |date= |accessdate=2013-12-31}}</ref><ref name="Fatale">{{cite web|url=http://www.buchreport.de/nachrichten/verlage/verlage_nachricht/datum/2012/03/12/fatale-allianz.htm |title=Birkhäuser Verlag ist insolvent - buchreport - Nachrichten VerlageNachrichten aus der Buch- und Medienbranche, Marktanalysen und SPIEGEL- Bestseller |publisher=Buchreport.de |language=German |date= |accessdate=2013-12-31}}</ref>
* Birkhäuser Verlag<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.birkhauser.com/ |title=Birkhauser |publisher=Birkhauser |date= |accessdate=2013-12-31}}</ref>&mdash;an architecture and design publishing company was (re)created in 2010 when Springer sold its design and architecture segment to [[ACTAR]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.boersenblatt.net/350607/ |title=Kunstbuch: Jetzt offiziell: Springer zum Birkhäuser-Verkauf an Actar &#124; Verlage |publisher=boersenblatt.net |date= |language=German |accessdate=2013-12-31}}</ref> The resulting Spanish-Swiss company was then called [[ActarBirkhäuser]]. After a bankruptcy,<ref name="Fatale"/> in 2012 Birkhäuser Verlag was sold again, this time to [[De Gruyter]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.degruyter.com/dg/newsitem/19/de-gruyter-bernimmt-birkhuser |title=De Gruyter übernimmt Birkhäuser |publisher=Degruyter.com |date=2012-04-24 |language=German |accessdate=2013-12-31}}</ref><ref>[http://www.degruyter.com/dg/page/344/birkhuser ]{{dead link|date=December 2013}}</ref>
Additionally, the [[Reinach, Basel-Landschaft|Reinach]]-based [[Printer (publishing)|printer]] Birkhäuser+GBC<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.birkhaeuser.ch/ |title=Birkhäuser+GBC AG |publisher=Birkhaeuser.ch |date= |accessdate=2013-12-31}}</ref> operates independently of the above, being now owned by ''[[Basler Zeitung]]''.<ref>{{cite web|author=pop |url=http://www.econo.de/nachrichten/einzelansicht/article/birkhaeuser-verlag-vor-der-pleite.html |title=Birkhäuser-Verlag vor der Pleite - Econo |publisher=Econo.de |date=2012-03-21 |language=German |accessdate=2013-12-31}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://bazonline.ch/basel/land/Birkhaeuser-prueft-Abbau-von-55-Stellen/story/28394595 |title=Birkhäuser prüft Abbau von 55 Stellen - News Basel: Land |publisher=bazonline.ch |date= |language=German |accessdate=2013-12-31}}</ref>
 
== History ==