Große Kreisstadt: Difference between revisions

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[[File:Administrative divisions of Germany.svg|thumb|360px|Administrative levels of Germany]]
'''''Große Kreisstadt''''' ({{lang-en|"major district town" or "major county town"}}) is a term in the [[municipal law]] (''[[Gemeindeordnung]]'') of several [[States of Germany|German states]]. In some federal states the term is used as a special legal status for a [[Districts of Germany|district]]–affiliated [[town]]—as distinct from an [[independent city]]—with additional competences in comparison with other [[Municipalities of Germany|municipalities]] of the district. The title is based on sovereign conferment by the state government.
District-affiliated municipalities may apply for the status of a ''Große Kreisstadt'', conferred by decree of the state's interior ministry. Assuming certain sovereign functions of the district, the municipal authorities have to ensure they are able to carry out the assigned responsibilities. In the state of [[Baden-Württemberg]], the necessary population for the status is 20,000. In [[Bavaria]] 30,000 inhabitants are necessary, in [[Saxony]], the minimum population is 17,500 (until 2008: 20,000). Usually, the motion is accepted.
The status of a ''Große Kreisstadt'' was first implemented by the Baden-Württemberg ''Gemeindeordnung'' on 1 April 1956, followed by Bavaria, where in the course of a 1972 administrative reform, the status was conferred to 23 former independent cities regardless of the population. The smallest ''Große Kreisstadt'' is [[Rothenburg ob der Tauber]] with about 10,900 inhabitants. Further conferments require a quorum of 30,000, however, in 1998 the historic [[Free imperial city|imperial cities]] of [[Dinkelsbühl]] and [[Donauwörth]] were elevated by Bavarian state law, though they did not reach the necessary number of inhabitants. Currently, there are 93 ''Große Kreisstädte'' in Baden-Württemberg, 29 in Bavaria, and 50 in Saxony.
== Comparable towns in other states ==
In the states of [[Brandenburg]], [[North Rhine-Westphalia]] and [[Rhineland-Palatinate]], the status of a ''Große kreisangehörige Stadt'' is conferred by the state government to municipalities with a certain population (Brandenburg: 35,000; North Rhine-Westphalia: 60,000; Rhineland-Palatinate: 25,000). In Brandenburg and North Rhine-Westphalia, there are also ''Mittlere kreisangehörige Städte'' with a population of more than 25,000. In [[Thuringia]], a district-affiliated local authority ensuring adequate administrative and financial parameters may apply for the status. In 2005 the [[Schleswig-Holstein]] government declared [[Norderstedt]] in [[Segeberg]] District (part of the [[Hamburg Metropolitan Region]]) a ''Große kreisangehörige Stadt''.
In [[Saarland]], the towns of [[Sankt Ingbert]] and [[Völklingen]] hold the comparable status of a district-affiliated ''Mittelstadt''. In [[Hesse]], seven towns with a population of more than 50,000 obtained the status of a ''Sonderstatusstadt'': [[Bad Homburg vor der Höhe]], [[Fulda]], [[Giessen]], [[Hanau]], [[Marburg]], [[Rüsselsheim]] and [[Wetzlar]].
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