Bar (heraldry): Difference between revisions

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[[File:Blason ville fr Lusignan-Petit 47.svg|thumb|right|200px|Barry (of ten) argent and azure]]
In [[heraldry]], a '''bar''' is an [[Ordinary (heraldry)|ordinary]] consisting of a horizontal band across the shield.
In [[heraldry]], a '''bar''' is an [[Ordinary (heraldry)|ordinary]] consisting of a horizontal band across the shield. If only one bar appears across the middle of the shield, it is termed a ''[[fess]]''; if two or more appear, they can only be called bars. Calling the bar a diminutive of the fess is inaccurate, however, because two bars may each be no smaller than a fess.<ref name=Fox-Davies119>{{Cite book |last=Fox-Davies |first=Arthur Charles |authorlink=Arthur Charles Fox-Davies |others=Ill. by Graham Johnston |year=1909 |title=A Complete Guide to Heraldry |location=London & Edinburgh |publisher=T.C. & E.C. Jack |page=119}}</ref> Like the fess, bars too may bear complex lines (such as embattled, indented, nebuly, etc.).<ref name=Fox-Davies119 /> The diminutive form of the bar (narrower than a bar yet wider than a cottise) is the barrulet, though these frequently appear in pairs, the pair termed a "bar gemel" rather than "two barrulets".<ref name=Fox-Davies119 />
 
==Common ordinaries==
A single bar placed across the top of the [[field (heraldry)|field]] is called a '''[[chief (heraldry)|chief]]'''. A single bar placed over the center of the [[field (heraldry)|field]]is iscalled a '''[[fess]]'''. ATwo divisionto four of thethese fieldappearing byon manya barsshield are oftencalled six''bars'', orand eightmore than isfour aare called '''[[barry (heraldry)|barry]]'barrulets''.
 
==Diminutives==
Thin bars are termed ''barrulets''. A still thinner bar or riband is known as a cotise,''[[Ordinary which(heraldry)#Cottise usuallyand cottising|cottise]]''. Cottises never appear alone and have no direction of their own, but are borne on each side of an ordinary (such as a fess, pale, bend or chevron). The fessordinary thus accompanied by a cottise on each side is then described as "cotised.cottised", or these may even be "doubly cottised" (i.e. surrounded by four cottises, two along each side).<ref>Fox-Davies (1909), pp. 113, 123.</ref>
 
The "closet" is described as a band of the thickness between a bar and a barrulet, but is rarely found.{{cn|date=August 2013}}
 
A barry design consisting of ten or more bars is called barruly or burely instead.
 
==Barry and barruly==
A field divided by many bars — often six, eight or ten parts with two alternating tinctures — is described as ''[[barry (heraldry)|barry]]'' (of ''x'', ''y'' and ''z'', where ''x'' is the number of bars, ''y'' is the first (uppermost) [[tincture (heraldry)|tincture]], and ''z'' is the second tincture). A field divided into five, seven or nine parts with two alternating tinctures is not called ''barry'', however, but two, three or four ''bars''.<ref name=Fox-Davies120>Fox-Davies (1909), p. 120.</ref> A barry design consisting of ten or more parts is comparatively rare and is called ''barruly'' rather than ''barry''.<ref name=Fox-Davies120 />
 
==Examples==
<center><gallery>
File:Blason Es famille Eusa (Navarre).svg|''Argent, three bars gules''
File:Blason Fr famille Dujac (Bayonne).svg|''Gules, four barrules indented Or''
File:Blason Jean Porré.svg|''Sable, three bars gemelles Or''
File:Fess doubly costied demo.svg|''Argent, a fess doubly cottised gules''
File:Blason ville fr Berneui-sur-Aisne (60).svg|A ''bar gemel cottised'' in the arms of the [[Communes of France|French commune]] of [[Berneuil-sur-Aisne]]
File:Coat of arms of Saxony.svg|''Barry of ten sable and Or'' in the arms of the [[States of Germany|German state]] of [[Saxony]]
File:Coa Germany State Hessen History.svg|Lion ''barry of ten argent and gules'' in the arms of the German state of [[Hesse]]
File:Blason ville fr Palluau (Vendée).SVG|A [[bordure]] ''barry of ten argent and sable''
</gallery></center>
 
==References==
{{reflist}}
 
{{Heraldry-stub}}