Geoffrey of Villehardouin: Difference between revisions

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'''Geoffrey of [[Villehardouin]]''' (in [[French language|French]]: '''Geoffroi de Villehardouin''') (1160&ndash;c. 1212) was a [[knight]] and [[historian]] who participated in and chronicled the [[Fourth Crusade]]. He is considered one of the most important historians of the time period,<ref>Smalley, p. 131</ref> best known for writing the eyewitness account ''[[Villehardouin's De la Conquête de Constantinople|De la Conquête de Constantinople]]'' (''On the Conquest of Constantinople''), about the battle for Constantinople between the Christians of the West and the Christians of the East on 13 April 1204. The ''Conquest'' is the earliest French historical prose narrative that has survived to modern times. Ηis full title was: "Geoffrey of Villehardouin, Marshal of Champagne and of Romenie[[Latin Empire|Romania]]".
Although he does not say so specifically in his own account, he probably supported the diversion of the Crusade first to [[Zadar|Zara]] and then to [[Constantinople]]. While at Constantinople he also served as an ambassador to [[Isaac II Angelus]], and was in the [[embassy]] that demanded that Isaac appoint [[Alexius IV]] co-emperor.
After the conquest of the [[Byzantine Empire]] in 1204 he served as a military leader, and led the retreat from the [[Battle of Adrianople (1205)|Battle of Adrianople]] in 1205 after [[Baldwin I of Constantinople|Baldwin I]] was captured by the forces of the [[Second Bulgarian Empire]]. In recognition of his services, [[Boniface of Montferrat]] gave to Geoffrey the city of [[Messinopolis]] in [[Thrace]]. After the Crusade, he was named Marshal of Romeniethe [[Latin Empire]].
In 1207 he began to write his chronicle of the Crusade, ''On the Conquest of Constantinople''. It was in French rather than [[Latin]], making it one of the earliest works of French [[prose]]. Villehardouin's account is generally read alongside that of [[Robert of Clari]], a French knight of low station, [[Niketas Choniates]], a high-ranking Byzantine official and historian who gives an eyewitness account, and [[Gunther of Pairis]], a [[Cistercian]] monk who tells the story from the perspective of Abbot Martin who accompanied the Crusaders.
[[Category:House of Villehardouin]]
[[Category:13th-century historians]]
[[Category:Latin Empire people]]