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Weigel was best known for his belief that the Virgin Mary was herself the product of a virgin birth. He based his belief on the idea of the immaculate conception, which required that Mary must also be sinless in order to bear God in the flesh. He kept his ideas secret, entrusting them only to personal friends (in contrast to [[Jakob Böhme]]). He carried out his parishioner duties and kept a low profile. He left around 6000 pages in printed or manuscript works. His ideas on human nature were only gradually and posthumously published. [[Johann Arndt]], [[Gottfried Arnold]], and [[Gottfried Leibniz]] helped to spread Weigel's ideas.
His mysticism was marked by that of [[Johannes Tauler]] and by doctrines of [[Paracelsus]]; he was also a follower of [[Sebastian Franck]] and [[Caspar Schwenckfeldt]]. Like these two latter, he emphasized the inner life.