Libyan Sea: Difference between revisions

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Libyan Sea
(Libyan Sea)
The '''Libyan Sea''' ([[Ancient Greek|Greek]] {{lang|grc|Λιβυκόν πέλαγος}}, [[Latin]] ''Libycum Mare'') is the portion of the [[Mediterranean Sea]], north of the [[North Africa|African]] coast of ancient ''Libya'', i.e. [[Cyrenaica]] and [[Marmarica]]
(the coast of what is now [[Al Butnan District|eastern Libya]] and [[Matrouh Governorate|western Egypt]], between [[Tobruk]] and [[Alexandria]]).<ref>George Ripley and Charles Anderson Dana, ''The New American Cyclopaedia: A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge'', 1861, D. Appleton and Co.</ref> This designation was used by ancient geographers describing the southern Mediterranean, but the term is also used by modern travel writers and cartographers.<ref>''Crete Map'', Eastern Crete Development Organization (2004) Fotis Serfas</ref> The southern coastline of Crete which borders the Libyan Sea includes the [[Asterousia Mountains]] and [[Mesara Plain]]; this area is the locus of considerable ancient [[Bronze Age]] settlement including the sites of [[Kommos (Crete)|Kommos]], [[Hagia Triada]] and [[Phaistos]].<ref>[ C.Michael Hogan, ''Phaistos fieldnotes'', The Modern Antiquarian, 2007]</ref>
To the east is the [[Levantine Sea]], to the north the [[Ionian Sea]], and to the west the [[Strait of Sicily]].