Archimandrite: Difference between revisions

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[[Image:Gregorio-e-archimandriti.JPG|thumb|right|300px|Melkite Patriarch [[Gregory III Laham|Gregory III]] (center of picture) with some Archimandrites, visiting ''[[Sanctuary]] of Our Lady of [[Caravaggio]]'', [[Italy]], on Sept., 11th, [[2008]]]]
 
The title '''''Archimandrite''''' ([[Greek (language)|Greek]]: {{polytoniclang|grc|ἀρχιμανδρίτης}} - ''archimandrites''), primarily used in the [[Eastern Orthodox]] and the [[Eastern Catholic]] churches, originally referred to a [[Superior (hierarchy)|superior]] abbot whom a [[bishop]] appointed to supervise
several 'ordinary' [[abbot]]s (each styled ''[[hegumenos]]'') and [[monasteries]], or to the abbot of some especially great and important monastery. The title is also used as one purely of honour, with no connection to any actual monastery, and is bestowed on clergy as a mark of respect or gratitude for service to the Church. This particular sign of respect is only given to those priests who have taken vows of celibacy, that is monks; distinguished married clergy may receive the title of [[archpriest]].
 
== History ==
 
The term derives from the Greek: the first element from {{polytoniclang|grc|ἀρχι}} ''archi-'' meaning "highest" or from ''archon'' "ruler"; and the second root from {{polytoniclang|grc|μάνδρα}} ''mandra'' meaning "enclosure" or "pen" and denoting a "monastery" (compare the usage of "flock" for "congregation").
 
The title has been in common use since the 5th century, but is mentioned for the first time in a letter to [[Epiphanius of Salamis|Epiphanius]], prefixed to his [[Panarion|''Panarium'']] (ca. 375), but the ''[[Lausiac History]]'' of [[Palladius of Galatia|Palladius]] may evidence its common use in the 4th century as applied to Saint [[Pachomius]].