Archimandrite: Difference between revisions

m (Undid revision 361793580 by Majoreditor (talk)self revert (?); I must have accidentally hit the undo button, sorry)
 
When the supervision of monasteries passed to another episcopal official — the Great [[Sakellarios]] ("[[sacristan]]") — the title of archimandrite became an honorary one for abbots of important monasteries (compared to an ordinary abbot, a [[hegumenos]]).
 
==Kiev Metropolis==
The [[Russian Orthodox Church]] acquired the title of archimandrite in its later meaning. Initially in some cases it served as an extra title: for example, manuscripts of 1174 mention [[Hegumen Polikarp]] of [[Kiev Cave Monastery]] as "Hegumen Archimandrite".
 
== Russian usage ==
[[file:Archimandrite's crozier (Kirillo-Belozersk).jpg|thumb|100px|Archimandrite's crozier, Russia, 19th century]]
The [[Russian Orthodox Church]] acquired the title of archimandrite in its later meaning. Initially in some cases it served as an extra title: for example, manuscripts of 1174 mention [[Hegumen Polikarp]] of [[Kiev Cave Monastery]] as "Hegumen Archimandrite".
 
In 1874 the Russian Orthodox Church secularised its monasteries and ranked them in one of three classes, awarding only the abbots at the head of monasteries of the second or first class the title of archimandrite. Abbots of third class monasteries were to be styled "hegumen".