Linz am Rhein: Difference between revisions

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'''Linz am Rhein''' (in English ''Linz on the Rhine'') is a municipality in the [[Neuwied (district)|district of Neuwied]], in [[Rhineland-Palatinate]], [[Germany]]. It is situated on the right bank of the river [[Rhine]] near [[Remagen]], approx. 25 km southeast of [[Bonn]] and has about 60006,000 inhabitants. It is the sister city of [[Marietta, Georgia]]. in the [[United States]] , [[Linz]] in [[Austria]] and Pornic in [[France]].
Linz is the seat of the ''[[Verbandsgemeinde]]'' ("collective municipality") [[Linz am Rhein (Verbandsgemeinde)|Linz am Rhein]].
The town is also a destination for tourists duethanks to its location next to the Rhine river and its colorful half-timbered houses.
[[Image:Linz.jpg|thumb|500px|left|View of Linz]]
The town of Linz was first mentioned in an official document in 874 and called "Lincesce".
Between 1206 and 1214 the parish church of St. Martin was built at the most elevated spot of the town. A former church, which was located at the same place, had been destroyed during the fights of [[Otto IV]] and Phillip[[Philip vonof SchwabenSwabia]] in 1198. During reconstruction work in 1981 the remains of graves and fundamentsfoundations belonging to the former church were found.
The most important political decision for Linz was taken in the late Middle Ages. Between 1304 and 1332 Linz was officially awarded the city status by the [[Archbishop of Cologne-based archbishop]], [[Heinrich II. vonof Virneburg]]. Shortly after having been declared a "city", the castle "Burg Linz" was built.
In 1391 a fire destroyed two thirds of the city. In 1475 the Emperor's troops occupied Linz during the "Neuss War". The town hall, which is one of the major sights of Linz, was built in 1517.
In 1815, Linz became part of Prussia. One year later in 1816 Linz received the status of a district town ("Kreisstadt"). This status was revoked in 1822 and Linz became part of the Neuwied county.
After the [[Second World War]], Linz became a part of Rhineland-Palatinate in 1946.
In the 1970's1970s the city expanded with the new residential area "Roniger Hof". In 1979 the local hospital was put into service.