Richard II of Capua: Difference between revisions

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'''Richard II''' (died 1105/1106), called ''the Bald'', was the [[count of Aversa]] and the [[prince of Capua]] from 1090 or 1091.
 
The eldest son and successor of [[Jordan I of Capua]] and [[Gaitelgrima, daughter of Guaimar IV|Gaitelgrima]], daughter of Prince [[Guaimar IV of Salerno]], he was named after his grandfather, [[Richard I of Capua]]. While digressing on this impressive lineage, the chronicler [[William of Apulia]] in his ''The Deeds of Robert Guiscard'' says that he "though now only a young man, already shows courage worthy of an adult."
 
He succeeded to his father's dominions at a very young age and immediately he and his family were thrown out of their city by the capricious Capuans. The [[counts of Aquino]] rose in rebellion and attacked [[Soria]], defended by Richard's uncle, [[Jonathan, Count of Carinola]].
 
Richard was an exile for the next seven years (during which a [[Lombards|Lombard]] named [[Lando IV of Capua|Lando IV]] reigned) until, upon reaching his majority, he requested the aid of his great uncle, the [[count of Sicily]], [[Roger I of Sicily|Roger I]], and his first cousin once removed, the [[duke of Apulia]], [[Roger Borsa]]. The two Rogers came, the former in exchange for the city of [[Naples]] and the latter for Richard's recognition of Apulian suzerainty, in May 1098 and [[siege of Capua|besieged Capua]] for forty days.
 
It was an interesting siege, for [[Pope Urban II]], embroiled in a controversy with Count Roger, came down to discuss the legatine power in [[Sicily]] with him and [[Anselm of Aosta]], the [[archbishop of Canterbury]] in self-exile from King [[William II of England]], came to meet the pope. With the aid of Sicilian [[Saracens]], the city fell and the prince was reinstated, Apulian suzerainty acknowledged, and the pope and the count withdrew to [[Salerno]].
 
The final eight years of his reign were uneventful and he left no heir and was succeeded by his younger brother [[Robert I of Capua|Robert]] when he died (in 1105 or, more probably, 1106). Though he had accepted doing homage to the [[Hauteville family|Hauteville]] duke of Apulia, his successors did not and Capua returned to ''de facto'' independence under them.
 
==Sources==
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Richard 02 Of Capua}}
[[Category:1106 deaths]]
[[Category:Normans]]
[[Category:Italo-Normans]]
[[categoryCategory:Counts of Aversa]]
[[categoryCategory:princesPrinces of Capua]]
 
[[ru: Ричард II (князь Капуи)]]
[[uk:Річард II (князь Капуанський)]]