Richard II of Capua: Difference between revisions

'''Richard II''' (died 1105/1106), called ''the Bald'', was the [[count of Aversa]] and the [[prince of Capua]] from [[1090]] or [[1091]].
The eldest son and successor of [[Jordan I of Capua]] and [[Gaitelgrima, daughter of Guaimar IV|Gaitelgrima]], daughter of Prince [[Guaimar IV of Salerno]], he was named after his grandfather, [[Richard I of Capua]]. While digressing on this impressive lineage, the chronicler [[William of Apulia]] in his ''The Deeds of Robert Guiscard'' says that he "though now only a young man, already shows courage worthy of an adult."
He succeeded to his father's dominions at a very young age and immediately he and his family were thrown out of their city by the capricious Capuans. The [[counts of Aquino]] rose in rebellion and attacked [[Soria]], defended by Richard's uncle, [[Jonathan, Count of Carinola]].
Richard was an exile for the next seven years (during which a [[Lombards|Lombard]] named [[Lando IV of Capua|Lando IV]] reigned) until, upon reaching his majority, he requested the aid of his great uncle, the [[count of Sicily]], [[Roger I of Sicily|Roger I]], and his first cousin once removed, the [[duke of Apulia]], [[Roger Borsa]]. The two Rogers came, the former in exchange for the city of [[Naples]] and the latter for Richard's recognition of Apulian suzerainty, in May [[1098]] and [[siege of Capua|besieged Capua]] for forty days.
It was an interesting siege, for [[Pope Urban II]], embroiled in a controversy with Count Roger, came down to discuss the legatine power in [[Sicily]] with him and [[Anselm of Aosta]], the [[archbishop of Canterbury]] in self-exile from King [[William II of England]], came to meet the pope. With the aid of Sicilian [[Saracens]], the city fell and the prince was reinstated, Apulian suzerainty acknowledged, and the pope and the count withdrew to [[Salerno]].
*William of Apulia, ''The Deeds of Robert Guiscard'' [ Books One] (pdf)
*[[John Julius Norwich|Norwich, John Julius]]. ''The Normans in the South 1016-1130''. Longmans: [[London]], [[1967]].
{{s-bef|rows=2|before=[[Jordan I of Capua|Jordan I]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Aversa|Count of Aversa]]|years=[[1091]]–[[1106]]}}
{{s-aft|rows=2|after=[[Robert I of Capua|Robert I]]}}
{{s-ttl|title=[[Prince of Capua]]|years=[[1091]]–[[1106]]}}