Critical exponent: Difference between revisions

(transport quantities)
== Scaling functions ==
In light of the critical scalings, we can reexpress all thermodynamic quantities in terms of dimensionless quantities. Close enough to the critical point, everything can be reexpressed in terms of certain ratios of the powers of the reduced quantities. These are the scaling functions.
 
The origin of scaling functions can be seen from the renormalization group. The critical point is an [[infrared fixed point]]. In a sufficiently small neighborhood of the critical point, we may linearize the action of the renormalization group. This basically means that rescaling the system by a factor of <i>a</i> will be equivalent to rescaling operators and source fields by a factor of <math>a^\Delta</math> for some &Delta;. So, we may reparameterize all quantities in terms of rescaled scale independent quantities.
 
== Scaling relations ==