Richard II of Capua: Difference between revisions

m
these headings are completely uninformative and unnecessary
m (these headings are completely uninformative and unnecessary)
'''Richard II''' (died 1105/1106), called ''the Bald'', was the [[count of Aversa]] and the [[prince of Capua]] from [[1090]] or [[1091]].
 
== Early life ==
 
The eldest son and successor of [[Jordan I of Capua]] and [[Gaitelgrima, daughter of Guaimar IV|Gaitelgrima]], daughter of Prince [[Guaimar IV of Salerno]], he was named after his grandfather, [[Richard I of Capua]]. While digressing on this impressive lineage, the chronicler [[William of Apulia]] in his ''The Deeds of Robert Guiscard'' says that he "though now only a young man, already shows courage worthy of an adult."
 
The [[counts of Aquino]] rose in rebellion and attacked [[Soria]], defended by Richard's uncle, [[Jonathan, Count of Carinola]].
 
== Exile ==
 
Richard was an exile for the next seven years (during which a [[Lombards|Lombard]] named [[Lando IV of Capua|Lando IV]] reigned) until, upon reaching his majority, he requested the aid of his great uncle, the [[count of Sicily]], [[Roger I of Sicily|Roger I]], and his first cousin once removed, the [[duke of Apulia]], [[Roger Borsa]]. The two Rogers came, the former in exchange for the city of [[Naples]] and the latter for Richard's recognition of Apulian suzerainty, in May [[1098]] and [[siege of Capua|besieged Capua]] for forty days.
It was an interesting siege, for [[Pope Urban II]], embroiled in a controversy with Count Roger, came down to discuss the legatine power in [[Sicily]] with him and [[Anselm of Aosta]], the [[archbishop of Canterbury]] in self-exile from King [[William II of England]], came to meet the pope. With the aid of Sicilian [[Saracens]], the city fell and the prince was reinstated, Apulian suzerainty acknowledged, and the pope and the count withdrew to [[Salerno]].
 
== Final eight years of reign ==
 
The final eight years of his reign were uneventful and he left no heir and was succeeded by his younger brother [[Robert I of Capua|Robert]] when he died (in 1105 or, more probably, 1106). Though he had accepted doing homage to the [[Hauteville family|Hauteville]] duke of Apulia, his successors did not and Capua returned to ''de facto'' independence under them.
 
<br>
==Sources==
 
*William of Apulia, ''The Deeds of Robert Guiscard'' [http://www.leeds.ac.uk/history/weblearning/MedievalHistoryTextCentre/william%20ap%201.doc Books One] (pdf)
*[[John Julius Norwich|Norwich, John Julius]]. ''The Normans in the South 1016-1130''. Longmans: [[London]], [[1967]].
 
<br>
{{s-start}}
{{s-bef|rows=2|before=[[Jordan I of Capua|Jordan I]]}}