Songs of Farewell

Songs of Farewell is a set of six choral motets by the British composer Hubert Parry. The pieces were composed between 1916 and 1918 and were among his last compositions before his death.

Songs of Farewell
Six choral motets by Hubert Parry
Year1916 (1916)
PeriodRomantic
GenreChoral music
TextPoems by Henry Vaughan, John Davies, Thomas Campion, John Gibson Lockhart, John Donne; and the Book of Common Prayer
LanguageEnglish
Composed1916 (1916) – 1918 (1918): England
Premiere
Date22 May 1916,
LocationRoyal College of Music (first 5 pieces only)[1]

BackgroundEdit

The songs were written during the First World War when a number of Parry's pupils at the Royal College of Music were being killed in action. Parry's choice of texts are thought to reflect a yearning to escape the violence of a world at war, and to find peace in a heavenly realm. In contrast to Parry's assured 1916 setting of William Blake's poem "And did those feet in ancient time", "Jerusalem", Songs of Farewell is seen as representing a decline in national confidence.[2][3] During the war, Parry lost many of his students, George Butterworth was killed, Arthur Bliss wounded and Ivor Gurney was gassed. Having been a lifelong Germanophile, who previously believed that Britain would never go to war with the Kaiser, the war proved to be a time of personal despair for Parry, which is reflected in the six pieces.[4]

PerformanceEdit

The first concert performance of Songs of Farewell took place at the Royal College of Music on 22 May 1916, when The Bach Choir sang the first five pieces, directed by Hugh Allen. Parry's piece was well received by critics; reviews in The Daily Telegraph and The Musical Times praised the pieces, and a review in The Times said that the fifth song, ""At the round earth's imagined corners", was "one of the most impressive short choral works written in recent years".[5]

Parry died on 7 October 1918 and one of the pieces from Songs of Farewell, "There is an old belief", was sung at the composer's funeral in St Paul's Cathedral.[6] The first performance of the complete set of six songs was at a memorial service to Parry held in the chapel of Exeter College, Oxford on 23 February 1919, four months after his death.[1]

Songs from the Songs of Farewell are now part of the repertoire of Anglican church music and are often sung as anthems at services in churches and cathedrals.[7]

SongsEdit

 
The composer, Hubert Parry

The six motets consist of poems by British poets and a text from the Psalter found in the 1662 Book of Common Prayer, set to music for unaccompanied choir.[1]

"My soul, there is a country"
Text by Henry Vaughan, set for SATB choir in E minor
"I know my soul hath power"
Text by John Davies, set for SATB choir in B flat major
"Never weather-beaten sail"
Text by Thomas Campion, set for SSATB choir in C major
"There is an old belief"
Text by John Gibson Lockhart, set for SSATBB choir in G major
"At the round earth's imagined corners"
Text from Holy Sonnets No. 7 by John Donne, set for SSAATTBB choir in B minor
"Lord, let me know mine end"
Text from Psalm 39 from the Book of Common Prayer, set for SATB double choir in D major

Notable recordingsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Shrock, Dennis (2009). Choral Repertoire. Oxford University Press, USA. ISBN 9780195327786. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  2. ^ Hughes, Meirion; Stradling, Robert; Stradling, R. A. (2001). English Musical Renaissance, 1840-1940. Manchester University Press. p. 89. ISBN 9780719058301. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  3. ^ Parry, C. Hubert H. Quinney, Robert (ed.). Songs of Farewell (notes to the vocal score). ISBN 9780193518469.
  4. ^ https://www.newcollegechoir.com/news/?pid=7&nid=1&storyid=73
  5. ^ Keen, Basil (2017). The Bach Choir: The First Hundred Years. Routledge. pp. 96–7. ISBN 9781351546072. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  6. ^ Dibble, Jeremy (1992). C. Hubert H. Parry: His Life and Music. Clarendon Press. p. 496. ISBN 9780193153301.
  7. ^ Routley, Erik; Dakers, Lionel (1997). A Short History of English Church Music. A&C Black. p. 83. ISBN 9780264674407. Retrieved 29 August 2018.

External linksEdit