Guru Nanak with the other Nine Gurus.

The Sikh gurus are spiritual leaders of Sikhi, who established this religion over the centuries, beginning in 1469.[1] Guru Nanak Dev Ji, the founder of Sikhi, was the first Guru; his successors were also referred to as "Nanak" and used the name "Nanak" while penning down their spiritual verses.

There were 10 Gurus. The holy scriptures of Sikhi, Guru Granth Sahib, is considered 11th Guru, whilst the 12th Guru is the Khalsa (all the Gursikhs of the world make up the eternal Guru) as ordered by 10th Guru Gobind Singh.

The GurusEdit

# Name Date of birth Guruship on Date of death Age at death Father Mother
1 Guru Nanak 14 April 1469 Since Birth 22 September 1539 69 Mehta Kalyandas Mata Tripta
2 Guru Angad 31 March 1504 7 September 1539 29 March 1552 48 Baba Pheru Mata Ramo
3 Guru Amar Das 5 May 1479 26 March 1552 1 September 1574 95 Tej Bhan Bhalla Mata Bakht
4 Guru Ram Das 24 September 1534 1 September 1574 1 September 1581 46 Baba Hari Das Mata Daya Vati
5 Guru Arjan 15 April 1563 1 September 1581 30 May 1606 43 Guru Ram Das Mata Bhani
6 Guru Hargobind 19 June 1595 25 May 1606 28 February 1644 48 Guru Arjan Mata Ganga
7 Guru Har Rai 16 January 1630 3 March 1644 6 October 1661 31 Baba Gurditta Mata Nihal
8 Guru Har Krishan 7 July 1656 6 October 1661 30 March 1664 7 Guru Har Rai Mata Krishan
9 Guru Tegh Bahadur 1 April 1621 20 March 1665 11 November 1675 54 Guru Hargobind Mata Nanki
10 Guru Gobind Singh 22 December 1666 11 November 1675 7 October 1708 41 Guru Tegh Bahadur Mata Gujri
11 Guru Granth Sahib 1

September

1604

7 October 1708 Till God Exists Compiled by : Guru Arjan Dev Ji

[2]

Timeline of Sikh GurusEdit

 

Sikh Guru family treeEdit

 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 186–187. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  2. ^ Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee. "Ten Gurus"

External linksEdit