Siberian Military District

The Siberian Military District was a Military district of the Russian Ground Forces. The district was originally formed as a military district of the Russian Empire in 1864. In 1924 it was reformed in the Red Army. After the end of World War II the district was split into the Western and Eastern Siberian Military Districts. In 1956 the district was reformed. In 2010 it was divided between the two newly formed Central and Eastern Military Districts.

Siberian Military District
Сибирский военный округ
Siberian md emb.png
Siberian Military District Coat of Arms
FoundedAugust 6, 1864
CountryRussia Russian Empire (1864–1906)
 Soviet Union (1924–1991)
Russia Russian Federation (1991–2010)
BranchRussian Ground Forces
TypeMilitary district
Part ofMinistry of Defence
HeadquartersChita
DecorationsOrder of Lenin Order of Lenin

HistoryEdit

The Siberian Military District was originally formed in 1864, as the Western Siberian Military District, being one of the ten original military districts of the Russian Empire. It was renamed the Omsk Military District in 1882, until renamed again Western Siberian Military District in 1918-1919.

The Siberian Military District was created in June 1924 with the consolidation of the Western, Central and Eastern Siberian Military Districts, which had become the Imperial Military Districts in the area. In June 1941 the District was host to the 24th Army, under Lieutenant General Stepan Kalinin, which comprised two Rifle Corps, the 52nd and 53rd.[1] The 52nd, with its headquarters in Novosibirsk along with the 133rd Rifle Division, additionally had the 166th Rifle Division at Barabinsk and the 178th Rifle Division at Omsk. The 53rd Rifle Corps at Krasnoyarsk, where the 119th Rifle Division was stationed, also included the 107th Rifle Division at Barnaul and the 91st Rifle Division at Achinsk.

Among the many, many formations the district raised during the Second World War was the 75th Cavalry Division, formed in September and October 1941.

Immediately after the end of World War II, on July 9, 1945, to facilitate the demobilisation process, the Siberian Military District was divided into the Western and Eastern Siberian Military Districts.

On January 4, 1956 the Western Siberian Military District was again renamed the Siberian Military District.[2]

In 1968 the 33rd Army Corps was transferred into the district from the Turkestan Military District, establishing its headquarters at Kemerovo.[3] The 13th Motor Rifle Division at Biysk was assigned to it. Among the mobilisation divisions formed in the district from the late 1970s was the 167th Motor Rifle Division, whose equipment storage area was co-located with the barracks of the 13th MRD.

The 242nd Motor Rifle Division was established at Abakan in 1972.

In 1974 for their great contributions to the cause of strengthening the defence of the Soviet State and its armed protection, successes in combat and political training, the Transbaikal Military District was rewarded with the Order of Lenin, and the Siberian Military District with the Order of the Red Banner.

In August 1992, the 21st Motor Rifle Division, withdrawn from the 2nd Guards Tank Army in East Germany, was moved to Omsk.[4]

In 1998, seven years after the fall of the Soviet Union, the District as it is today was formed by the amalgamation of the previous Siberian and Transbaikal Military Districts, and on their merger gave up the vast Sakha Republic (or Yakutia) to the expanded Far Eastern Military District.

District forces c. 2009–2010Edit

 
Siberian Military District 1998–2010

The 41st Army was formed from the headquarters of the former Siberian Military District at Novosibirsk while the new district’s headquarters were established at Chita (the former Transbaikal MD HQ). It is likely safe to assume that the 41st Army controls all the field formations of the previous Siberian Military District.

The IISS listed the district in 2006 as having a total of one tank, two motor-rifle and one machine-gun artillery divisions, two motor-rifle and one air assault brigades.[5] The 2nd Guards Tank Division, previously active in Mongolia with the 39th Army, disbanded in 2005 having been stationed at Strugi Mirnaya/Bezrechnaya (ru:Безречная), 50 43 25N, 116 10 35E) in Chita Oblast.[6] Also, while the 21st 'Tagenrog' Motor Rifle Division, withdrawn from Germany to the former Siberian Military District, was apparently partially re-equipped with the T-90 MBT in the mid-1990s, in 2000 it was apparently disbanded.[7]

The 29th Army at Ulan-Ude was seemingly disbanded in the course of 2007.[8]

Subordinate unitsEdit

 
Structure and units of the Siberian Military District 2010

Order of Lenin Siberian Military District 2010:

  • Combat formations:
    • 36th Army, Ulan Ude
      • 5th Guards Independent Tank Brigade "Don-Budapest", in Divizionaya equipped with T-90
      • 36th Guards Independent Motor-Rifle Brigade "Lozovskaya", in Borzya equipped with BMP-3 and T-72[12]
      • 37th Guards Independent Motor-Rifle Brigade "Tachinskaya", in Kyakhta equipped with BMP
      • 187th Reserve Base (86th Independent Motor-Rifle Brigade) in Nizhneudinsk
      • 227th Reserve Base (87th Independent Motor-Rifle Brigade) in Divizionaya
    • 41st Army, Novosibirsk
      • 32nd Independent Motor-Rifle Brigade "Leningrad-Pavlovskaya", in Shilovo equipped with BTR and T-90
      • 35th Independent Motor-Rifle Brigade "Volgograd-Kiev", in Aleysk equipped with BMP-2 and T-72
      • 74th Guards Independent Motor-Rifle Brigade "Zvenigorod-Berlin", in Yurga equipped with BMP-3 and T-72
      • 103rd Reserve Base (84th Independent Motor-Rifle Brigade), in Shilovo
      • 104th Reserve Base (85th Independent Motor-Rifle Brigade), in Aleysk
      • 225th Reserve Base (29th Independent Motor-Rifle Brigade), in Yasnaya
    • 11th Independent Airborne Brigade, in Sosnovyy Bor, Ulan-Ude – formed 1968[13]
    • 24th Spetsnaz Brigade, in Irkutsk
    • 212th Guards District Training Center, in Chita[14]
  • Missile and Artillery formations:
    • 103rd Rocket Brigade in Ulan-Ude (SSM)
    • 232nd MLRS Brigade in Shelekhov
    • 120th Artillery Brigade in Shelekhov
    • 200th Artillery Brigade in Drovnaya
    • 7018th Artillery Reserve Base in Drovnaya
    • 7019th Artillery Reserve Base in Shelekhov
  • Air-defence formations:
  • Engineering formations:
    • 27th Engineer Regiment in Yasnaya (36th Army)
    • 60th Engineer Regiment in Novosibirsk (41st Army)
    • 457th Independent Engineer Battalion
  • NBC-defence formations:
    • 11th Independent Flamethrower Battalion in Drovyanaya
    • 126th Independent NBC-defence Battalion in Borzya (36th Army)
    • 254th Independent NBC-defence Battalion in Topchinkha (41st Army)
  • Signal formations:
    • 50th (Territorial) Signal Brigade
    • 101st (Communications Hub) Signal Brigade "Khinganskaya" in Chita
    • 1271st Electronic Warfare Center in Divizionaya
    • 175th Independent Signal Regiment in Borzya (36th Army)
    • 235th Independent Signal Regiment in Kochenevo (41st Army)
    • 154th Independent (Rear) Signal Battalion
  • Logistic formations:
    • 53rd Material Support Regiment in Chita

CommandersEdit

West Siberian MDEdit

  • Infantry General Alexander Osipovich Dyugamel; (April 1865 - October 1866)
  • Infantry General Alexander Petrovich Khrushchev; (October 1866 - January 1875)
  • Infantry General Nikolai Gennadievich Kaznakov; (January 1875 - February 1881)
  • Lieutenant General Grigory Vasilyevich Mescherinov (February 1881 - May 1882).

Omsk MDEdit

  • General of Infantry Kolpakovsky, Gerasim Alekseevich; (May 1882 - June 1889)
  • Lieutenant General Babkov, Ivan Fedorovich (temporarily acting); (June - October 1889)
  • General of the Cavalry Taube, Maxim Antonovich; (October 1889 - May 1899)

Siberian MDEdit

  • General of the Cavalry Taube, Maxim Antonovich; (May 1899 - July 1900)
  • Lieutenant General Aleksander F. Karpov (July 1900 - April 1901)
  • Lieutenant General Nikolay N. Sukhotin (April 1901 - April 1906)

Omsk MDEdit

  • Lieutenant General Ivan Nadarov; (April 1906 - June 1908)
  • General of the cavalry Schmitt, Evgeny Ottovich; (August 1908 - April 1916)
  • General of the Cavalry Nikolai Alexandrovich Sukhomlinov; (April 1916 - March 1917)
  • Major General Dumbadze, Samson Antonovich; (March 1917)
  • Major General G.V. Grigoriev; (March - July 1917)
  • Lieutenant General Taube, Alexander Alexandrovich; (July 1917)
  • Colonel MP Predinsky; (July - August 1917) -
  • Ensign P. N. Polovnikov; (August - November 1917)
  • Captain M. I. Telitsyn; (November 1917 - May 1918)
  • Major General Aleksei Matkovsky (December 1918 - 1919).

Siberian MDEdit

Eastern Siberian MDEdit

Western Siberian MDEdit

Siberian MDEdit

  • Colonel General Nikolai Pukhov (January 1956 – July 1957) (district renamed)
  • Colonel General Pyotr Koshevoy (July 1957 – April 1960)
  • Colonel General Gleb Baklonov (May 1960 – 1964)
  • Colonel General Semion Ivanov (1964 – 1968)
  • Colonel General Vladimir Tolubko (1968 – May 1969)
  • Colonel General Mikhail Homulo (May 1969 – December 1978)
  • Colonel General Boris Snetkov (January 1979 – November 1981)
  • Colonel General Nikolai Popov (November 1981 – September 1984)
  • Colonel General Vladimir Vostrov (September 1984 – February 1986)
  • Colonel General Nikolai Kalinin (February 1986 – August 1987)
  • Colonel General Boris Pyankov (April 1988 – August 1991)
  • Lieutenant General Viktor Koplov (с. September 1991 – 1997)
  • Colonel General Nikolai Kormiltsev (December 1998 – March 2001)
  • Colonel General Vladimir Boldyrev (May 2001 – December 2002)
  • Colonel General Nikolai Makarov (December 2002 – April 2007)
  • Colonel General Alexander Postnikov (April 2007 – January 2010)
  • Lieutenant General Vladimir Chirkin (January – June 2010)[15]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ See Leo Niehorster, http://niehorster.org/012_ussr/41_oob/stavka-reserves/army_24.html and http://niehorster.org/012_ussr/41_oob/interior/_siberia.html
  2. ^ http://www.ww2.dk/new/army/gkv/sibvo.htm
  3. ^ Holm, Michael. "33rd Army Corps". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  4. ^ Feskov et al. 2013, 396; Holm, 21st Taganrogskaya Motorised Rifle Division
  5. ^ Routledge for the IISS, The Military Balance 2006, p. 160
  6. ^ Michael Holm, 2nd Guards Tank Division, 2015.
  7. ^ Taganrogskaya Red Banner order of Suvorov. See also http://www.ww2.dk/new/army/msd/21msd.htm.
  8. ^ Vad777's Siberian Military District page (Russian language), late July 2007, see Army article for link
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2010-03-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), accessed March 2010
  10. ^ http://www.zabmedia.ru/?page=news&rubr=8&text=13721, accessed March 2010
  11. ^ "5th Guards Tank Division". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2017-06-24.
  12. ^ http://yasnay.ru/index/0-4
  13. ^ Holm
  14. ^ See http://www.ww2.dk/new/army/td/49td.htm and "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-10. Retrieved 2010-04-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ RIA Novosti, Russia appoints new Ground Forces chief, other top commanders, 13 January 2010

ReferencesEdit

  • Greg Austin and Alexey Muraviev, The Armed Forces of Russia in Asia, Tauris, 2000
  • Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской [The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II: From the Red Army to the Soviet: Part 1 Land Forces] (in Russian). Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306.

Further readingEdit

  • V Plameni I Slave: Ocherki Istorii Sibirskogo Voyennogo Okruga. [In Fire and Glory: An Outline History of the Siberian Military District], (Novosibirsk: Zapadno-Sibirskoye Knizhizdat, 1969.

External linksEdit