Siberian Federal District

Coordinates: 55°N 83°E / 55°N 83°E / 55; 83

Siberian Federal District (Russian: Сиби́рский федера́льный о́круг, Sibirsky federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. Its population was 17,178,298 according to the 2010 Census,[2] living in an area of 4,361,800 square kilometers (1,684,100 sq mi).[1] The entire federal district lies within the continent of Asia.

Siberian Federal District

Сибирский федеральный округ
Location of the Siberian Federal District
Location of the Siberian Federal District
Country Russia
Established18 May 2000
Administrative centreNovosibirsk
Government
 • Presidential EnvoySergey Menyaylo
Area
 • Total4,361,800 km2 (1,684,100 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
Population
 (2010)
 • Total17,178,298[2]
 • Rank3rd
 • Density3.8/km2 (10/sq mi)
Time zones
Omsk OblastUTC+06:00 (Omsk Time)
most of the districtUTC+07:00 (Krasnoyarsk Time)
Irkutsk OblastUTC+08:00 (Irkutsk Time)
Federal subjects10 contained
Economic regions2 contained
HDI (2018)0.796[3]
high · 7th
Websitesfo.gov.ru
Krasnoyarsk Krai

The district was created by presidential decree on 13 May 2000 and covers around 30% of the total land area of Russia.[4] In November 2018, Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai were removed from the Siberian Federal District and added to the Far Eastern Federal District in accordance with a decree issued by Russian President Vladimir Putin.[5]

DemographicsEdit

Federal subjectsEdit

The district comprises the West Siberian (part) and East Siberian economic regions and ten federal subjects:

 
# Flag Federal subject Area in km2[1] Population (2010) Capital/Administrative center
1   Altai Republic 92,900 206,168 Gorno-Altaysk
2   Altai Krai 168,000 2,419,755 Barnaul
3   Irkutsk Oblast 774,800 2,248,750 Irkutsk
4   Kemerovo Oblast 95,700 2,763,135 Kemerovo
5   Krasnoyarsk Krai 2,366,800 2,828,187 Krasnoyarsk
6   Novosibirsk Oblast 177,800 2,665,911 Novosibirsk
7   Omsk Oblast 141,100 1,977,665 Omsk
8   Tomsk Oblast 314,400 1,047,394 Tomsk
9   Tuva Republic 168,600 307,930 Kyzyl
10   Republic of Khakassia 61,600 532,403 Abakan
 
The geographic "center of Asia", Tuva Republic

ReligionEdit

Religion in the Siberian Federal District as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[6][7]
Russian Orthodoxy
28.9%
Other Orthodox
1.9%
Other Christians
5.2%
Islam
1.4%
Buddhism
1.2%
Native faiths
1.6%
Spiritual but not religious
33.2%
Atheism and irreligion
18.7%
Other and undeclared
7.9%

According to a 2012 survey[6] 28.9% of the population of the current federal subjects of the Siberian Federal District (excluding Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai) adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 5.2% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1.9% is an Orthodox believer without belonging to any church or adheres to other (non-Russian) Orthodox churches, 1.4% is an adherent of Islam, 1.2% is an adherant of Buddhism, and 1.6% adhere to some native faith such as Rodnovery, Tengrism, or Tuvan Shamanism. In addition, 33.2% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 18.7% is atheist, and 7.9% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[6]

Presidential plenipotentiary envoysEdit

  1. Leonid Drachevsky (18 May 2000 – 9 September 2004)
  2. Anatoly Kvashnin (9 September 2004 – 9 September 2010)
  3. Viktor Tolokonsky (9 September 2010 – 12 May 2014)
  4. Nikolay Rogozhkin (12 May 2014 – 28 July 2016)
  5. Sergey Menyaylo (since 28 July 2016)[8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
  4. ^ "Siberia Federal District, Russia (Siberian)". RussiaTrek.org. Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  5. ^ "Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации". publication.pravo.gov.ru. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  7. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), August 27, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2017. Archived.
  8. ^ "Путин освободил Меняйло от должности губернатора Севастополя" (in Russian). Echo of Moscow. July 28, 2016. Retrieved July 28, 2016.

External linksEdit