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Shopian or Shupiyan is a hill district with its administrative division in Shopian, located in the Indian union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, since it is situated on the historical road commonly known as Mughal Road, most of its area is occupied by forests. Shopian district comes under the Pir Panjal Range which makes it very cold in winter. After partition of India, it was a tehsil of Pulwama district. In March, 2007, the district status was granted by the Government of India. The economy of the district depends on agriculture, particularly apple growing. Shopian is 22 km (14 mi) from Aglar which connects it with Pulwama district and is one of the border villages of the district.
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
|Union Territory||Jammu and Kashmir|
|• Total||612.9 km2 (236.6 sq mi)|
|Area rank||537th in India & 17th in Jammu & Kashmir|
|• Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
According to the 2011 census, the Shopian district has a population of 266,215. This gives the Shopian district a ranking of 577th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 852 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,210/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the 2001–2011 decade was 25.85%. Shopian has a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1,000 males (this varies with religion), and a literacy rate of 62.49%.
|Shopian (Shupiyan) district: religion, gender ratio, and % urban of population, according to the 2011 Census.|
|Gender ratio (% female)||10.9%||49.2%||46.6%||43.8%||66.7%||0.0%||50.0%||37.5%||48.7%|
(no. of females per 1,000 males)
|Shopian district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.|
|Mother tongue code||Mother tongue||People||Percentage|
The local economy depends on agriculture. Apple growing "provides employment to about 60% of the population and is the main source of livelihood of many households." Apple-growing is more profitable than other crops, partly because the hilly nature of the land makes it harder to cultivate other crops than apples.
The district has a number of hospitals and healthcare facilities, some of which include its adjoining areas they are: District Hospital, Shopian, Sub District Hospital Zainapora, Sub District Hospital Keller , NTPHC Ramnagri, PHC Herman, PHC Pinjura, PHC DK Pora, PHC Vehil, PHC Sedow, PHC NadiGam.
Places of interestEdit
Shopian district has many places with tourism potential: Arshi Pora Lahanthour, Sedow, Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary, Dubijan - 6 km (3.7 mi) from Heerpora Village; Peer Marg/Peer Gali - 20 km (12 mi) away from Heerpora on the historical Mughal Road; Lake Nandansar - 2 km (1.2 mi) away from the Peer Ki Gali; Hash Wang Bagam Pather, Sok Saray, and Mughal Saray at Jajinar. The Jamia Masjid in Shopian is one of the famous historical monuments built during the Mughal reign resembling that of jamia Masjid Srinagar. The Aasar-i-Sharief Dargah at Pinjura, attracts thousands of devotees on the occasion of Eid-i-Milad-un- Nabi and Shab-i-Mehraj. Darul Uloom Islamia Pinjura where large people gather to seek (spiritual and moral) knowledge and propagate to others.
On the outskirts of Shopian town near Nagbal area, there is a Siva temple called Kapalmochan Mandir with three natural springs and a unique Shivling with small Rudraksh shaped knots spread all over it.
The major roads connecting Shopian with neighbouring districts are:
- Shopian-Pulwama-Srinagar Road
- Shopian-Anantnag Via Chitragam
- shopian to Aglar via heff turkuwangam
- Shopian -Anantnag via Kaider
- Shopian Anantnag Via Kulgam khudwani Wanpoh khanabal
- shopian to sangam via Aglar
- Shopian-Rajouri-Poonch via Mughal Road
- Shopian-Bijbehara via Malik Gund Imamsahib,
- Shopian-Zainapora( Babapora)- Frisal- khudwani
- Shopian-Zainapora( Babapora)- wachi - Sangam
- Shopian to Kulgam kachdoora, sehpora Mohan Pora or Okay
- Shopian to Reshnagri via Narwaw, Saidpora
- Shopian to Nehama via Vehil Nowgam, Kanjiullar
- Shopian to Ramnagri via Narwaw, Saidpora, Amshipora.
- Shopian to Kangiullar via Ramnagri and Gadiporahir
- Shopian to Kheer Bhawani at Mamzam via Ramnagri, Kanjiuller Nihama
- Shopian to Aharbal via Ramnagri, Gadipora and Nihama
- Shopian to Zawoora via Rambiara.
- Shopian to Shadab Karewa Via Zowoora.
- Shopian to Narapora, keller via Zawoora
- Shopain to Aharbal via Saidow
- Shopian Arshi pora road to link Via Herman Kadder Road
- Shopian to Manzimpara via Kundalan.
- Shopian to Anantnag via Manihall and Yaripora
- Shopian to Toolihalan
- Shopian to Aharbal via Ramnagri, Reshnagri,Bridge Completed in Last year.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Shupiyan
- "Shupiyan District : Census 2011-2018 data". census2011.co.in. 2011 Census of India.
- "J&Ks Shopian dist to get new tourism development authority". indiatoday.in. India Today.
- "Granted district status 11 years ago, Shopian still craves for facilities". greaterkashmir.com. Greater Kashmir.
- "Brief Industrial Profile of Shopian District" (PDF). dcmsme.gov.in. Development Commissioner Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises.
- Bhat, Tariq Ahmad (May 2014). "Economic of Apple Industry; A Primary Survey in District Shopian (Kashmir)" (PDF). Journal of Business Management & Social Sciences Research. 3 (5): 127–131. ISSN 2319-5614. Alternative URL
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
- C-1 Population By Religious Community – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
- C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Jammu & Kashmir (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
- "Health setup in District Shopian".