Shivpuri district

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Shivpuri District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state of India. The town of Shivpuri is the district headquarters. National Highway 3 (NH-3) runs through the district.[1]

Shivpuri district
Location of Shivpuri district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Shivpuri district in Madhya Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionGwalior
HeadquartersShivpuri
Area
 • Total10,066 km2 (3,887 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,726,050
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy63.73 per cent
 • Sex ratio877 females over 1000 males
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH3 and NH25
Average annual precipitationJuly to September mm
Websitehttp://shivpuri.nic.in

HistoryEdit

Most of present-day Shivpuri District formed Narwar District of the erstwhile princely state of Gwalior, with Shivpuri as administrative headquarters of the district. After India's independence in 1947, the princely states acceded to the Government of India, and Shivpuri District acquired its present boundaries with the addition of the small princely state of Khaniadhana in the southeast of the district, portions of Datia state in the northeast, and most of Pauri estate in the northwest. Shivpuri District became part of the new state of Madhya Bharat, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh in 1956.

GeographyEdit

The district is bounded on the south by Guna district, on the north by Morena, Gwalior and Datia districts, on the east by Jhansi district of Uttar Pradesh and on the west by Kota district of Rajasthan.[1]

The district sits on the Malwa Plateau of the Deccan Traps with many small hill tops originally covered with deciduous forests.[1][2] Other than Shivpuri, the major towns are Karera and Akoda (24°52′07″N 77°11′22″E / 24.86861°N 77.18944°E / 24.86861; 77.18944).

The large bodies of water in the district are the Madikheda Reservoir and the Mohini Pickup Reservoir near Narwar. The principle river is the Sind River which arises in southern Badarwas Tehsil, flows north-northeastwards through the central and northeastern parts of the district and enters the Yamuna at Kanjausa. The district drainage is all within the large Yamuna basin, but falls into four sub-basins drained respectively by tributaries of (1) the Parwati River (Parvati) which flows west to east and forms part of the northern boundary of the district being dammed for the Kaketo Reservoir and Harsi Reservoir[3] and flowing into the Sind just upstream of the mouth of the Mahuar; (2) the Kuno River which flows from southeast to northwest into the Chambal and forms part of the western boundary of the district; (3) the Betwa River which flows from southwest to northeast and forms part of the eastern boundary of the district; and (4) the Mahuar River itself (with its main tributary the Paroch Nadi) which arises in Pichor Tehsil, flows from south to north, enters Karera Tehsil at the village of Bardi, crosses Narwar Tehsil and enters the Sind just northeast (downstream) of Senhra Khurd.[4]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Shivpuri District is divided into eight tehsils, and further subdivided into 614 panchayats and 1459 villages (of which 1409 are revenue villages, 133 are deserted and 15 are forest villages).[5]

EconomyEdit

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Shivpuri one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[6] It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[6]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census Shivpuri district has a population of 1,726,050,[7] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[8] or the US state of Nebraska.[9] This gives it a ranking of 280th in India (out of a total of 640).[7] The district has a population density of 168 inhabitants per square kilometre (440/sq mi).[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.74%.[7] Shivpuri has a sex ratio of 877 females for every 1000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 63.73%.[7]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 98.96% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 0.45% Urdu as their first language.[10]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901370,430—    
1911415,279+1.15%
1921376,315−0.98%
1931402,032+0.66%
1941446,215+1.05%
1951462,864+0.37%
1961542,978+1.61%
1971658,949+1.95%
1981843,110+2.50%
19911,103,790+2.73%
20011,406,031+2.45%
20111,726,050+2.07%
source:[11]

PlacesEdit

NarwarEdit

Narwar is a town of historical importance[12] just east of the Sind River, situated 41 km north of the town of Shivpuri. Narwar is known for its medieval fortress, Narwar Fort, and for rice cultivation.

Madhav ChaukEdit

Madhav Chauk is a main market of town in Shivpuri. All marketing facilities are available here.

 
Madhav Chauk

Madhav National ParkEdit

 
Madhav National Park

Madhav National Park is located between Agra-Mumbai and Jhansi-Shivpuri road. Its area is 157.58 square kilometers. The park is open to visitors throughout the year. Blackbuck, Indian gazelle and chital Knil large number of cows, sambar, Chausinga, black buck, sloth bears, leopards and other inhabitants of the park. The park has a varied terrain of forested hills and flat grasslands around the lake. It is rich in biodiversity. Sakhya Sagar and Madhav Sagar lakes, created on Manier River in 1918, are two important biodiversity support systems in the national park. The Sailing Club situated on Sakhya Sagar at the entrance of the National park is a place of scenic beauty.

Tourist VillageEdit

 
Tourist Village Shivpuri

Shivpuri Tourism Center. Shivpuri is the center of attraction for tourists throughout the year, but Shivpuri attracts tourists after the first rain. Tourist Village is located here to stay for tourist near Picnic Spot Bhadaiya Kund.

ChhatariEdit

There are many Scindia Chatri (memorials) of royals of Scindia Rajvansh ornate marble is a fine example of workmanship.

 
Chhatari (Shivpuri) a memorials

Its campus is on Chhatari Road which leads from Do Battai Chauraha to Bhadaiya Kund. There is a memorial of dowager queen Maharani Sakhya Raje Scindia at the entrance of the campus, in a fusion of Hindu and Islamic architectural styles, with their shikhara type spires and Maratha Rajput and Mughal pavilions. A tank is created in front of this memorial. The memorial of Madhav Rav Scindhia is built across the tank facing to wards Maharani Sakhya Raje Scindhia.

 
Chhatari (Tank)

One side of the tank a temple is established of Lord Ram with Seeta, Lakshman and other side a temple is established of Radha- Krishna. All memorials and temples are built by Scindhia Maharaja Princes of Gwalior.

Management of Chhatari is under control of a ScindiaTrust.[13]

Religious placesEdit

  • Ban Ganga Dham
  • Mohineshwar Dham
     
    Mohineshwar Dham Mandir
  • Chintaharan Mandir
  • Shiv Temple (Chhatari Road)
  • Shri Shantinath (Naugaja) Digambar Jain Atishaya Kshetra
  • Bilaeya Mahadev Mandir Sirsod (Karera)

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "About Us". Shivpuri District. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015.
  2. ^ Kale, Manish; et al. (2004). "Biomass equations of dominant species of dry deciduous forest in Shivpuri district, Madhya Pradesh". Current Science. 87 (5): 683–687. JSTOR 24109067.
  3. ^ Jaiswal, Rahul; et al. (2016). Demand-Supply Analysis for Irrigation Management in a Command. Symposium on Hydrology, 22–23 December 2015, New Delhi, India.
  4. ^ "District Groundwater Booklet: Shivpuri District, Madhya Pradesh" (PDF). Central Ground Water Board: North Central Region, Ministry of Water Resources, Government of India. 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 November 2018.
  5. ^ "District Administration". Shivpuri District. Archived from the original on 9 January 2015.
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est.
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nebraska 1,826,341
  10. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  11. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  12. ^ Sharma, Rakesh Kumar; Misra, Om Prakash (2003). "Archaeological Background". Archaeological Excavations in Central India: Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. New Delhi: Mittal Publications. p. 16. ISBN 978-81-7099-874-7.
  13. ^ http://shivpuri.nic.in/Tourism.html

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 25°25′12″N 77°39′36″E / 25.42000°N 77.66000°E / 25.42000; 77.66000