Shir Kuh or Shirkuh (Persian: شيركوه) is a high peak (4055 m) in the central part of Iran about 40 km south-west of the city of Yazd in Yazd Province. The first woman to climb the mountain was Banoo Khosrawy.
|Elevation||4,055 m (13,304 ft) |
|Prominence||2,271 m (7,451 ft) |
|English translation||The lion mountain|
|Language of name||Persian|
|Location||Yazd Province, Iran|
|Parent range||Central Iranian ranges|
"Shir Kuh" or "Shirkuh" is formed of two words: "sher" in Middle Persian or "shir" in Modern Persian means "lion", and "kof" in Middle Persian or "kuh" in Modern Persian means "mountain". So, in Persian "Shir Kuh" could mean (the) "Lion Mountain".
Geologically, Shir Kuh is made chiefly of Jurassic granite surrounded by Cretaceous rocks. It is located almost in the vicinity of the Sahand-Bazman volcanic arc, a volcanic arc that was formed during the Tertiary and mainly in the Eocene volcanism. Shir Kuh consists mainly of intrusive rocks (Jurassic granite) that were made in the Late Cimmerian orogeny in the Late Jurassic. This mountain is located in the Sanandaj-Sirjan geological and structural zone. Sanadaj-Sirjan was subjected to magmatism and metamorphism in the Paleozoic and Mesozoic. This section along with other Iranian microplates were separated from Gondwana in the Carboniferous (when magmatism was caused by rifting and the process of detachment) and moved northwards. From the Early Jurassic to the Middle Miocene Sandaj-Sirjan was adjacent to a subduction zone and there was magmatism because of the subduction zone which was situated in the south and south-west of this structural zone. Consequently, in the Late Jurassic, Sanandaj-Sirjan region was subjected to the magmatism of the Late Cimmerian orogeny in the form of both volcanism and plutonism. Shir Kuh was formed as a result of the plutonism of this orogenic phase.
Having a high elevation, Shir Kuh and its neighbourhood have a cold mountain climate although the region is placed in a location that is surrounded by a hot semi-desert climate.
- "Iran: 54 Mountain Summits with Prominence of 1,500 meters or greater". Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-04-29.
- Microsoft Encarta World Atlas, 2001, Microsoft Corporation
- Geological Map of Iran, National Geoscience Database of Iran, www.ngdir.ir