Shimun XIX Benyamin

Mar Shimun XIX Benyamin (1887– 3 March 1918) (Syriac: ܡܪܝ ܒܢܝܡܝܢ ܫܡܥܘܢ ܥܣܪܝܢ ܘܩܕܡܝܐ‎) was a Catholicos Patriarch of the Assyrian Church of the East.


Benyamin XIX Shimun
His Holiness
Mar Benyamin Shimun.jpg
Mar Shimun XIX Benyamin on or before 1913
ChurchAssyrian Church of the East
DiocesePatriarchal Diocese of Qodshanis
SeeApostolic See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon
Installed30 March 1903
Term ended3 March 1918
PredecessorMar Shimun XVIII Rouel (1860/1861-1903)
SuccessorMar Shimun XX Paulos (1918–1920)
Orders
RankCatholicos-Patriarch
Personal details
Born1887
Qodshanis, Hakkari, Ottoman Empire
Died3 March 1918(1918-03-03) (aged 30)
Salmas, Persia
NationalityAssyrian
DenominationChristian, Assyrian Church of the East
ResidenceQodshanis, Hakkari, Turkey and later Urmia, Persia
OccupationCleric

LifeEdit

He was born in 1887 in the village of Qochanis in the Hakkari Province, Ottoman Empire (modern-day southeastern Turkey). His paternal uncle and immediate predecessor was Mar Shimun XVIII Rubil, patriarch from 1860 to 1903). His father was Eshai, a brother of Shimun XVIII Rubil, and his mother was Asyat, daughter of Kambar from Iyl. He had six siblings: Isaiah, Zaya, Paulos (who succeeded him as Patriarch), David, Hormizd, Surma.[1] His brother Hormizd was later killed while studying in Istanbul during the Deportation of Armenian intellectuals on 24 April 1915.

He was consecrated a Metropolitan on March 1, 1903 by his uncle, the Catholicos Patriarch, who died on March 16, 1903. He was eighteen years old when he succeeded to the position and occupied the patriarchal See of Seleucia-Ctesiphon at Qudchanis for 15 years. In March 1918, Mar Benyamin along with 150 of his bodyguards were assassinated by Simko Shikak (Ismail Agha Shikak), a Kurdish agha, in the town of Salmas (Persia) under a truce flag (see Assyrian Genocide).[2][3]

QuotesEdit

  • "It is impossible for me and my people to surrender after seeing the atrocities done to my Assyrian people by your government; therefore my brother is one, my people are many, I would rather lose my brother but not my nation."[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Shumanov, Vasily. "Mar Binyamin Shimmun". The Lighthouse.
  2. ^ "The Invitation of His Holiness the Patriarch Mar Binyamin".
  3. ^ Reforging a Forgotten History: Iraq and the Assyrians in the Twentieth Century by Sargon Donabed. Edinburgh University Press.
  4. ^ Mar Benyamin

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit

Assyrian Church of the East titles
Preceded by
Mar Shimun XVIII Rubil
Catholicos-Patriarch of the Church of the East
1903–1918
Succeeded by
Mar Shimun XX Paulos