Shanghai Pudong International Airport

Shanghai Pudong International Airport (IATA: PVG, ICAO: ZSPD) is one of the two international airports in Shanghai and a major aviation hub of East Asia. Pudong Airport mainly serves international flights, while the city's other major airport Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport mainly serves domestic and regional flights in East Asia. Located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the city center, Pudong Airport occupies a 40-square-kilometre (10,000-acre) site adjacent to the coastline in eastern Pudong. The airport is operated by Shanghai Airport Authority (Chinese: 上海机场集团公司, SSE: 600009).

Shanghai Pudong International Airport

上海浦东国际机场
ShanghaiAirports.png
Shanghai Pudong airport.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OperatorShanghai Airport Authority
ServesShanghai
LocationPudong, Shanghai
Hub forPassenger

Cargo

Focus city forHainan Airlines
Elevation AMSL4 m / 13 ft
Coordinates31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528Coordinates: 31°08′36″N 121°48′19″E / 31.14333°N 121.80528°E / 31.14333; 121.80528
Websitewww.shairport.com/index_enpdjc.html
Maps
CAAC airport chart
CAAC airport chart
PVG/ZSPD is located in Shanghai
PVG/ZSPD
PVG/ZSPD
Location of airport in Shanghai
PVG/ZSPD is located in China
PVG/ZSPD
PVG/ZSPD
PVG/ZSPD (China)
PVG/ZSPD is located in Asia
PVG/ZSPD
PVG/ZSPD
PVG/ZSPD (Asia)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
17L/35R 4,000 13,123 Concrete
16R/34L 3,800 12,467 Concrete
17R/35L 3,400 11,155 Concrete
16L/34R 3,800 12,467 Concrete
15/33 3,400 11,155 Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Passengers76,153,455
Aircraft movements511,846
Freight (in tons)3,634,230
Shanghai Pudong International Airport
Simplified Chinese上海浦东国际机场
Traditional Chinese上海浦東國際機場

The airport is the main hub for China Eastern Airlines and Shanghai Airlines, and a major international hub for Air China, as well as secondary hub for China Southern Airlines. It is also the hub for privately owned Juneyao Airlines and Spring Airlines, and an Asia-Pacific cargo hub for FedEx, UPS[1] and DHL. The DHL hub, opened in July 2012, is reportedly the largest express hub in Asia.[2]

Pudong Airport has two main passenger terminals, flanked on both sides by four operational parallel runways.[3] A third passenger terminal has been planned since 2015, in addition to a satellite terminal and two additional runways, which will raise its annual capacity from 60 million passengers to 80 million, along with the ability to handle six million tons of freight.[4]

Pudong Airport is a fast-growing hub for both passenger and cargo traffic. With 3,703,431 metric tons handled in 2017, the airport is the world's third-busiest airport by cargo traffic. Pudong Airport also served a total of 74,006,331 passengers in 2018, making it the third-busiest airport in China after Beijing Capital and Hong Kong Airport, fifth-busiest in Asia, and the eighth-busiest in the world. It is also the busiest international gateway of mainland China, with 35.25 million international passengers.[5] By the end of 2016, Pudong Airport hosted 104 airlines serving more than 210 destinations.[6]

Shanghai Pudong is the busiest international hub in China, and about half of its total passenger traffic is international.[7] Pudong Airport is connected to Shanghai Hongqiao Airport by Shanghai Metro Line 2 and the Shanghai Maglev Train via Pudong International Airport Station. There are also airport buses connecting it with the rest of the city.

The interior of Terminal 1
The interior of Terminal 1

HistoryEdit

Early developmentEdit

Prior to the establishment of Pudong International Airport, Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport was the primary airport of Shanghai. During the 1990s, the expansion of Hongqiao Airport to meet growing demand became impossible as the surrounding urban area was developing significantly, and an alternative to assume all international flights had to be sought.[citation needed]

After deliberation, the municipal government decided to adopt the suggestion from Professor Chen Jiyu of East China Normal University, who wrote a letter to the Mayor of Shanghai Xu Kuangdi[citation needed] suggesting that the new airport should be constructed on the tidal flats of the south bank of the Yangtze River estuary, on the coast of the Pudong development zone to the east of Shanghai.

Construction of the first phase of the new Shanghai Pudong International Airport began in October 1997, took two years to build at a cost of RMB 12 billion (US$1.67 billion), and was opened on October 1, 1999[citation needed] It covers an area of 40 square kilometres (15 sq mi) and is 30 kilometres (19 mi) from downtown Shanghai. The first phase of the airport has one 4E category runway (4000 m x 60 m) along with two parallel taxiways, an 800,000-square-metre (8,600,000 sq ft) apron, seventy-six aircraft positions and a 50,000 m2 (540,000 sq ft) cargo warehouse.[citation needed]

A second runway was opened on March 17, 2005,[citation needed] and construction of phase two (including a second terminal, a third runway and a cargo terminal) began in December 2005 and started operation on March 26, 2008, in time for the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics.

In November 2011, Pudong Airport received approval from the national government for a new round of expansion which includes two runways. The 3,800-metre fourth runway, along with an auxiliary taxiway and traffic control facilities, is projected to cost 2.58 billion yuan (US$403 million). The 3,400-metre fifth runway, along with a new traffic tower, will cost 4.65 billion yuan (US$726.6 million). Construction was completed in 2015 and has doubled the capacity of the airport.[8][9]

Ongoing expansionEdit

Pudong International Airport officially started the third phase of the Pudong International Airport expansion with the construction on a new south satellite terminal on December 29, 2015. The new satellite terminal will be the world's largest single satellite terminal with a total construction area of 622,000 square meters, which is larger than the Pudong International Airport T2 terminal building (485,500 square meters). The satellite terminal is composed of two halls, S1 and S2, forming an H-shaped structure. It will have an annual design capacity of 38 million passengers, The total cost of the project is estimated to be about 20.6 billion yuan. Halls S1 and S2 will have 83 gates.[10] A high capacity People mover connecting T1 to SI and T2 to S2 will be constructed. After the completion of the satellite terminal in 2019, Pudong International Airport will have an annual passenger capacity of 80 million passengers, ranking among the top ten airports in the world.[11]

As of October 2019, the satellite S1 is in operation and connected by MRT to T1.

FacilitiesEdit

The airport has 162 boarding bridges(T1-31 T2-41 Satellite terminal-90) along with 189 remote gates. Four runways are parallel to the terminals (four operational): one 4,000-metre (13,000 ft) runway with 4E rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Boeing 747-400), two 3,800-metre (12,500 ft) runways with 4F rating (capable of accommodating aircraft up to Airbus A380, Boeing 747-8, and Antonov An-225), and two 3,400-metre (11,200 ft) runways with 4F rating .

Pudong airport currently has four runways. Rwy 35L/17R and Rwy 34R/16L are mostly used for landing while Rwy 35R/17L and Rwy 34L/16R are mostly used for takeoff. Runway 15/33 is not in operation.

Terminal 1Edit

Terminal 1 was opened on October 1, 1999 along with a 4000-metre runway and a cargo hub.[12] It was built to handle the demand for traffic and to relieve Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport's traffic. The exterior of Terminal 1 is shaped like a seagull, and has 28 gates, 13 of which are double-decker gates. The capacity of Terminal 1 is 20 million passengers. It currently has 204 check-in counters, thirteen luggage conveying belts and covers an area of 280,000 square metres.[citation needed]

The gates for Terminal 1 is 1–12, 14–32 (linked with jetway), while the remote gates are 200-203 251-258(Domestic), 208-212 213-216(International).

Terminal 2Edit

Terminal 2, opened to public and officially opened on March 26, 2008, along with the third runway, is capable of handling 60 million passengers and 4.2 million tons of cargo annually. Terminal 2 is shaped like Terminal 1, although it more closely resembles a wave, and is slightly larger than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 also has more floor areas than Terminal 1. Terminal 2 is primarily used by Air China and other Star Alliance members.[13]

The gates for Terminal 2 are 50–65, 67–79, 80–98 (Note that gates 58–90 are used by both the C gates (used for domestic flights) and the D gates (used for international flights). The gates between gates 65–79 are only odd numbered (65, 67, 69, 71, 73, 75, 77, 79). Gates 50–57 and gates 92–98 are used for C gates only. The remote gates for Terminal 2 are C219-C224 for domestic and D228-D232 for international.

Satellite concoursesEdit

 
Satellite Concourse under construction as of December 2018

Construction on an additional satellite concourse facility that could accommodate further gates and terminal space started on December 29, 2015 and was inaugurated in September 2019.[14] It is the largest stand-alone satellite airport terminal buildings in the world. This project will support 38 million passengers annually through 90 departure gates across two S1 and S2 concourses.Both S1 and S2 are connected together and these will be connected by an underground automated people mover to the current T1 and T2 terminals.[15] Gates for Domestic flights are labelled H in both S1 and S2 terminal,While G is labelled for International flights gates in both S1 and S2 terminal.

The gates for S1 terminal are H101-H147 for domestic flights(remote gates are H501-H502), G101-G108 G114-G123 G133-G147 for international arrivals, G101-G102 G115-G123 G133-G140 for international departures(remote gates are G551-G552).

The gates for S2 terminal are H148-H190 for domestic flights(remote gates are (H601-H602), G148-G145 G166-G177 G183-G190 for international arrivals, G150-G154 G167-G174 G189-G190 for international departures(remote gates are G651-G652)

Gates 101-102 115-123 133-140(S1) 150-154 167-174 189-190(S2) can be used for both international and domestic arrivals and departures,Gates 103-108 114 141-147(S1) 148-149 155 166 175-177 183-190(S2) can be used for both domestic arrivals and departures,but can only be used for international arrivals.Gates 109-113 124-132(S1) 156-165 178-182(S2) can only be used for domestic departures and arrivals.

A380/B747-8 standsEdit

Gates that can accommodate the A380/B747-8 are 24(T1) 71,75(T2) 119,121(S1) 504-507(remote stands near S1,on taxiway L02,between taxiway P3 and south of P2) 168, 170, 173 (S2)

A-CDM implementationEdit

 
Interior of the check-in hall in Terminal 2
 
A corridor located in Terminal 2

The airport has been using the Airport Collaborative Decision Making system (A-CDM) developed by the aviation data service company VariFlight since January 2017. The system is aimed to improve on-time performance and safety of the airport's operations. By June 2017, Shanghai Pudong airport recorded 62.7% punctuality rate, which was a 15% increase compared to the same period previous year.[16]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Air China Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona,[17] Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing,[18] Changchun, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuyuan, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hanoi, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Hohhot, Kunming, Lanzhou, London–Gatwick (resumes 28 March 2021),[19] London–Heathrow (ends 27 March 2021),[20] Milan–Malpensa, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Sendai, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xichang, Yinchuan
Air China
operated by Dalian Airlines
Dalian
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air India Delhi, Mumbai
Air Macau Macau
Air Mauritius Mauritius
Air New Zealand Auckland
All Nippon Airways Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Seattle/Tacoma (begins 27 March 2021)[21]
Asiana Airlines Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Beijing Capital Airlines Lijiang
British Airways London–Heathrow
Cambodia Angkor Air Phnom Penh,[22] Siem Reap
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Cebu,[23] Kalibo, Manila
Chengdu Airlines Chengdu
China Airlines Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Amsterdam, Auckland, Baise, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Beijing–Daxing,[24] Busan, Cebu, Changchun, Changsha, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chiang Mai, Chicago–O'Hare, Chifeng, Chongqing, Clark, Colombo–Bandaranaike,[25] Daegu, Dalian, Datong, Dazhou, Delhi, Denpasar/Bali, Dubai–International, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Guangyuan, Guiyang, Hami, Hanamaki,[26] Handan, Harbin, Hefei, Heihe, Hiroshima, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Huai'an, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta, Jeju, Jiagedaqi,[27] Jiamusi,[28] Jieyang, Jinan, Jinggangshan,[29] Jinzhou, Kagoshima, Kathmandu, Komatsu, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Linyi, Liping, Liupanshui, Liuzhou, London–Gatwick,[30] London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lüliang, Luzhou, Macau, Madrid, Malé, Mandalay,[31] Manila, Matsuyama, Melbourne, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Muan, Mudanjiang, Nagasaki, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanchang, Nanchong, Nanjing, New York–JFK, Niigata, Ningbo, Okayama, Osaka–Kansai, Panzhihua, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Phnom Penh, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Rome–Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Seoul–Incheon, Shennongjia, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shigatse, Shizuoka, Siem Reap, Singapore, Sydney, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita, Tonghua, Tongren,[32] Toronto–Pearson, Urumqi, Vancouver, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xichang,[33] Xingyi,[32] Xining, Xishuangbanna,[34] Yangon,[35] Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang, Yichun (Heilongjiang), Yingkou, Yongzhou, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhangjiakou, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhoushan, Zhuhai, Zunyi–Xinzhou
Seasonal: Asahikawa, Brisbane,[36] Stockholm–Arlanda[37]
China Southern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi,[38] Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Ho Chi Minh City, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Kunming, Mangshi, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Nanyang, Osaka–Kansai, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita,[39] Urumqi, Wuhan, Xining, Yanji, Yinchuan, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai
Seasonal: Aksu
China Southern Airlines
operated by Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing
China United Airlines Beijing–Daxing, Shijiazhuang, Tianjin
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Los Angeles, Seattle/Tacoma
Donghai Airlines Quanzhou
Eastar Jet Cheongju, Jeju, Seoul–Incheon[40]
Emirates Dubai–International
Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
EVA Air Kaohsiung, Taipei–Taoyuan
Finnair Helsinki
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta–Soekarno-Hatta
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Boston, Changsha, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Haikou, Hohhot, Seattle/Tacoma, Shenzhen, Taiyuan, Weifang, Xi'an
Hebei Airlines Shijiazhuang
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong[41]
Iberia Madrid
Japan Airlines Nagoya–Centrair, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita
Jetstar Japan Tokyo–Narita
Jin Air Jeju
Juneyao Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Bayannur, Beihai, Cebu, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhi, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Dongying, Fuzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Guyuan, Haikou, Hailar, Hanzhong, Harbin, Helsinki,[42] Hohhot, Hong Kong, Huizhou, Jeju, Jinchang, Kalibo, Kaohsiung, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lijiang, Linfen, Longyan, Macau, Mianyang, Nagoya–Centrair, Naha, Nanning, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Sanming, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapore, Songyuan, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita,[43] Tongliao, Tongren, Ulanqab, Urumqi, Vladivostok,[44] Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Xining, Yinchuan, Yonago,[45] Yueyang, Zhangjiajie, Zhangye, Zhengzhou, Zhongwei
Seasonal: Irkutsk
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Kunming Airlines Kunming
Lao Airlines Vientiane[46]
Lion Air Denpasar/Bali, Manado
Lucky Air Kunming
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Mahan Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International
Peach Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda
Philippine Airlines Manila
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Kalibo[47]
Philippines AirAsia Kalibo, Manila
Qantas Sydney
Qatar Airways Doha
Qingdao Airlines Qingdao
Royal Brunei Airlines Bandar Seri Begawan
S7 Airlines Vladivostok
Seasonal: Novosibirsk
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen
Shandong Airlines Harbin, Qingdao, Xiamen, Zhuhai
Shanghai Airlines Anshan, Baotou, Budapest, Busan, Changchun, Changsha, Chengdu,[48] Chiang Mai, Dalian, Denpasar/Bali, Guangzhou, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Harbin, Hengyang, Hong Kong, Jieyang, Jining, Jinzhou, Karamay, Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lianyungang, Linfen, Linyi, Macau,[49] Melbourne, Mianyang, Nanning, Ordos, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qinhuangdao, Qionghai, Rizhao, Sanya, Seoul–Incheon, Shenyang, Taipei–Songshan, Tangshan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tongliao, Toyama, Turpan, Urumqi, Wanzhou, Weihai, Wenzhou, Xi'an,[50] Xinzhou, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou
Seasonal: Krabi, Malé
Shenzhen Airlines Nanchang, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Harbin, Kunming, Saipan, Sanya, Xi'an
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Sky Angkor Airlines Sihanoukville[51]
Spring Airlines Anshun, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beihai, Changbaishan, Changchun, Changsha, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Guilin, Harbin, Hong Kong, Ibaraki, Jeju, Jieyang, Kaohsiung, Kota Kinabalu, Krabi, Lanzhou, Macau, Mianyang, Nagoya–Centrair, Nanning, Nha Trang, Osaka–Kansai, Phnom Penh, Phuket, Qingyang, Saga, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose, Shenyang, Shijiazhuang, Shiyan, Singapore, Surat Thani, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Takamatsu, Tianjin, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita,[52] Yangon,[53] Zhangjiajie
Spring Airlines Japan Tokyo–Narita
SriLankan Airlines Colombo–Bandaranaike
Sriwijaya Air Charter: Denpasar/Bali, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Suparna Airlines Guilin, Guiyang, Harbin, Quanzhou, Sanya, Zhuhai
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich
Thai AirAsia X Bangkok–Don Mueang
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Thai Lion Air Bangkok–Don Mueang,[54] Phuket
Tianjin Airlines Dalian, Haikou, Meixian, Tianjin, Weihai
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
T'way Air Daegu
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Newark, San Francisco
Vietnam Airlines Da Nang,[55] Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Nha Trang
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow
West Air Chongqing, Quanzhou
XiamenAir Dalian, Quanzhou, Tianjin

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
AirBridgeCargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chennai, Chicago–O'Hare, Los Angeles, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Sochi
Air China Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Dallas/Fort Worth, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Liège,[56] New York–JFK, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Quito, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
ANA Cargo Naha, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Asiana Cargo Seoul–Incheon
ASL Airlines Belgium Chongqing, Liège, Singapore
Cargolux Luxembourg
Cathay Pacific Cargo Chengdu, Chongqing, Hong Kong, Xiamen, Zhengzhou
China Airlines Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dhaka, Frankfurt,[57] Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Milan–Malpensa, Osaka–Kansai, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Seoul–Incheon, Shenzhen, Singapore, St. Louis, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza
China Postal Airlines Beijing–Capital, Guangzhou, Nanjing, Osaka–Kansai, Tianjin, Xiamen
China Southern Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Frankfurt, Los Angeles, Osaka–Kansai, Vancouver, Vienna, Zhengzhou
DHL Aviation
operated by Air Hong Kong
Hong Kong
DHL Aviation
operated by AeroLogic
Leipzig/Halle
DHL Aviation
operated by Atlas Air
Anchorage, Baku, Dubai–International, Zhengzhou
DHL Aviation
operated by Kalitta Air
Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare
DHL Aviation
operated by Polar Air Cargo
Anchorage, Cincinnati, Los Angeles, Nagoya–Centrair, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
DHL Aviation
operated by Southern Air
Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai–Al Maktoum, Kabul
Ethiopian Airlines Cargo Addis Ababa, Bangalore
Etihad Cargo Abu Dhabi, Chennai, Delhi, Karachi, Lahore, Mumbai
EVA Air Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Anchorage, Beijing–Capital, Delhi, Dubai–International, Guangzhou, Manila, Memphis, Oakland, Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Narita
Hong Kong Airlines Cargo Hong Kong, Xiamen
Iran Air Cargo Tehran–Imam Khomeini
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, New York–JFK, Seoul–Incheon, Toronto–Pearson
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Seoul–Incheon
MASkargo Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kuching, Penang, Sydney
MNG Airlines Almaty, Istanbul–Atatürk
National Airlines (N8) Anchorage, Los Angeles
Nippon Cargo Airlines Tokyo–Narita
Qantas Cargo Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, New York–JFK, Sydney
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha
Saudia Cargo Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Jeddah, Riyadh
SF Airlines Beijing–Capital, Harbin, Shenzhen
Singapore Airlines Cargo Singapore
Silk Way Airlines Baku
Suparna Airlines Aktobe, Anchorage, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago–O'Hare, Chongqing, Dhaka, Guangzhou, Hahn, Hangzhou, Hong Kong, Luxembourg, Munich, Nagoya–Centrair, Novosibirsk, Osaka–Kansai, Prague, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Singapore, Wuxi
Turkish Cargo Almaty, Bishkek, Istanbul–Atatürk
UPS Airlines Anchorage, Cologne, Louisville, Osaka–Kansai, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita, Warsaw–Chopin
Uzbekistan Airways Cargo Ostrava (logistic partner EGT Express)
Volga-Dnepr Airlines Novosibirsk

StatisticsEdit

Annual traffic statistics at Shanghai Pudong International Airport
Year Passengers % change Aircraft movements Cargo (tons)
2006[58] 26,788,586 231,994
2007[59] 28,920,432  08.0% 253,532 2,559,098
2008[59] 28,235,691  02.4% 265,735 2,603,027
2009[60] 31,921,009  013.1% 287,916 2,543,394
2010[61] 40,578,621  027.1% 332,126 3,228,081
2011[62] 41,447,730  02.1% 344,086 3,085,268
2012[63] 44,880,164  08.3% 361,720 2,938,157
2013[64] 47,189,849  05.1% 371,190 2,928,527
2014[65] 51,687,894  09.5% 402,105 3,181,654
2015 60,098,073  016.3% 449,171 3,275,231
2016[66] 66,002,414  09.8% 479,902 3,440,280
2017[67] 70,001,237  06.1% 496,774 3,835,600
2018[68] 74,006,331  05.7% 504,794 3,768,573

Ground transportationEdit

 
A maglev train departing Pudong airport
 
Metro Line 2 links city center and Pudong airport

HighwayEdit

Maglev trainEdit

  •  Maglev : Starting service on January 29, 2004, as the first commercial high-speed maglev railway in the world, Shanghai Maglev Train links Pudong International Airport with Longyang Road Metro Station, where transfer to Line 2, Line 7, and Line 16 is possible. The 30 km (19 mi) ride from Longyang Road Metro station to Pudong International Airport typically takes less than eight minutes, with the maximum speed reaching 431 km/h (268 mph). Trains operate every 15 minutes; therefore passengers can expect to arrive in less than 25 minutes, waiting time included.

All cars are equipped with racks and space designated for luggage.

Shanghai Metro Line 2Edit

Prices and speeds are substantially lower than the Maglev. A casual ride to People's Square, the city center, typically takes just over one hour, while a trip to Hongqiao International Airport takes about 1.5 hour.

The east extension of Line 2 used to run in an independent pattern between Guanglan Road and Pudong Airport, in which the train would not run west of Guanglan Road and passengers had to transfer at this station. The regular service between East Xujing and Pudong Airport started in April 2019,[69] allowing passengers to access the city center without the extra transfer. The regular service completely replaced the independent east extension service in October of the same year when the four-carriage trainsets special for the service started to be transformed into eight-carriage trainsets for the regular service.[70]

Future planEdit

The plan for building a new commuter railway line connecting the airport with Hongqiao Airport, Airport Link, has been formally established in 2015 and approved in December 2018 by National Development and Reform Commission. This railway starts from Shanghai East railway station under planning, via Disneyland, Zhangjiang and Sanlin in Pudong, Huajing in Xuhui and Qibao in Minhang.[71] It will use the unused area in Hongqiao Railway Station originally for Maglev for its station at Hongqiao Transportation Hub.

Airport busesEdit

 
A Shanghai Pudong Airport Bus Expressway

Eight airport bus lines serve the airport, providing rapid links to various destinations.

Accidents and incidentsEdit

Photo galleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "UPS Air Operations Facts - UPS Pressroom". Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  2. ^ "Deutsche Post DHL targets Asian expansion". 11 July 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2015.
  3. ^ Jian, Yang (28 January 2015). "4th Pudong runway opens in March". Shanghai Daily.
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