Senftenberg (Sorbian languages: Zły Komorow) is a town in southern Brandenburg, Germany, capital of the Oberspreewald-Lausitz district. The river Schwarze Elster runs through Senftenberg and the town is located on the shores of Senftenberger See (Senftenberg Lake), one of the largest artificial lakes in Germany.

Senftenberg
Market Square
Market Square
Coat of arms of Senftenberg
Coat of arms
Location of Senftenberg within Oberspreewald-Lausitz district
Senftenberg in OSL.svg
Senftenberg is located in Germany
Senftenberg
Senftenberg
Senftenberg is located in Brandenburg
Senftenberg
Senftenberg
Coordinates: 51°31′N 14°01′E / 51.517°N 14.017°E / 51.517; 14.017Coordinates: 51°31′N 14°01′E / 51.517°N 14.017°E / 51.517; 14.017
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
DistrictOberspreewald-Lausitz
Government
 • MayorAndreas Fredrich (SPD)
Area
 • Total127.56 km2 (49.25 sq mi)
Elevation
102 m (335 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total24,275
 • Density190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
01945 (Peickwitz), 01968 (Brieske, Großkoschen, Niemtsch, Sedlitz, Senftenberg), 01996 (Hosena)
Dialling codes03573, 035756 (Hosena, Peickwitz)
Vehicle registrationOSL, CA, SFB
Websitewww.senftenberg.de

GeographyEdit

Senftenberg is located in the southwest of the historic Lower Lusatia region at the border with Saxony. Its town centre is situated north of the river Black Elster and the artificial Senftenberger Lake, part of the Lusatian Lake District chain, approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of Hoyerswerda, and 35 kilometres (22 mi) southwest of Cottbus.

Senftenberg station is north of the centre and a major railway freight yard is located to its north-east, with a locomotive depot.

HistoryEdit

Historical affiliations
  March of Lusatia 1279-1368

  Kingdom of Bohemia 1368-1448
  Electorate of Saxony 1448-1806
  Kingdom of Saxony 1806-1815
  Kingdom of Prussia 1815-1871
  German Empire 1871-1918
  Weimar Republic 1918-1933
  Nazi Germany 1933-1945
  Allied-occupied Germany 1945-1949
  East Germany 1949–1990

  Germany 1990–present

Senftenberg was first mentioned in a 1279 deed issued by Henry III the Illustrious of Wettin, then margrave of Lusatia. With Lower Lusatia, the settlement was acquired by the Kingdom of Bohemia under Charles IV of Luxembourg in 1368. Elector Frederick II of Saxony acquired Senftenberg in 1448, whereafter the area as a border stronghold of the House of Wettin was separated from Bohemian Lusatia, until in 1635 all Lusatian territories fell to Saxony by the Peace of Prague. According to the 1815 Congress of Vienna, Lower Lusatia was annexed by Prussia and incorporated into the Province of Brandenburg.

NamesEdit

International relationsEdit

TourismEdit

Lake "Senftenberger See"

The Senftenberger See (Senftenberger Lake) is a popular destination for both day trips and holiday. In 1973, the former open cast mine, was officially opened to the public. Today, the lake is known for its excellent water quality. It is part of the so-called Lusatian Lakeland, a group of 23 artificial lakes.

On Senftenberger See one can stay at the Wellnesshotel Seeschlößchen - Privat-SPA & Naturresort. Here there are multiple saunas, fine dining restaurants, peaceful gardens, and services such as massage available.

DemographyEdit

After the second half of the 19th century the inhabitants increased because of workers coming to Senftenberg to work in the coal mines. After the German Reunion, many inhabitants moved to the western part of Germany.


YearPop.±% p.a.
1300 400—    
1474 600+0.23%
1555 900+0.50%
1575 918+0.10%
1680 1,150+0.21%
1806 979−0.13%
1818 819−1.48%
1875 6,972+3.83%
1890 10,536+2.79%
1910 24,024+4.21%
1925 30,467+1.60%
1933 31,173+0.29%
1939 31,032−0.08%
1946 31,767+0.33%
1950 32,419+0.51%
1964 36,687+0.89%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1971 35,909−0.31%
1981 39,589+0.98%
1985 39,363−0.14%
1989 38,012−0.87%
1990 36,894−2.94%
1991 35,924−2.63%
1992 35,536−1.08%
1993 35,181−1.00%
1994 34,680−1.42%
1995 34,413−0.77%
1996 33,979−1.26%
1997 33,513−1.37%
1998 32,737−2.32%
1999 31,967−2.35%
2000 31,374−1.86%
2001 30,539−2.66%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2002 29,957−1.91%
2003 29,474−1.61%
2004 29,136−1.15%
2005 28,774−1.24%
2006 28,071−2.44%
2007 27,515−1.98%
2008 27,029−1.77%
2009 26,821−0.77%
2010 26,530−1.08%
2011 25,388−4.30%
2012 25,061−1.29%
2013 24,987−0.30%
2014 24,743−0.98%
2015 24,625−0.48%
2016 24,773+0.60%
2017 24,558−0.87%

PeopleEdit

PhotogalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2018". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons

External linksEdit

  Media related to Senftenberg at Wikimedia Commons