Selm is a town in the district of Unna, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated approximately 20 kilometers north of Dortmund and 25 kilometers west of Hamm.

Selm
Coat of arms of Selm
Coat of arms
Location of Selm within Unna district
Unna (district)North Rhine-WestphaliaEnnepe-Ruhr-KreisHagenDortmundRecklinghausen (district)Coesfeld (district)Warendorf (district)HammSoest (district)HochsauerlandkreisMärkischer KreisSchwerteHolzwickedeFröndenbergUnnaLünenBergkamenKamenBönenWerneSelmSelm in UN.svg
About this image
Selm is located in Germany
Selm
Selm
Selm is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Selm
Selm
Coordinates: 51°41′N 7°29′E / 51.683°N 7.483°E / 51.683; 7.483Coordinates: 51°41′N 7°29′E / 51.683°N 7.483°E / 51.683; 7.483
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionArnsberg
DistrictUnna
Government
 • MayorMario Loehr (SPD)
Area
 • Total60.34 km2 (23.30 sq mi)
Elevation
111 m (364 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total26,011
 • Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
59379
Dialling codes02592, 02306
Vehicle registrationUN
Websitewww.selm.de

GeographyEdit

The town belongs to the southern part of the Münsterland. It is surrounded by (beginning in the west) Olfen, Lüdinghausen, Nordkirchen (all in the district of Coesfeld), Werne, Lünen (both in the district of Unna), Waltrop, and Datteln (both belonging to the district of Recklinghausen).

HistoryEdit

The first traces of living people in the area date from the younger half of the Stone age.

In 858 it was mentioned as Seliheim in the Dreingau.

In the early Middle Ages Selm was ruled by the count of Cappenberg, then by the bishop of Münster. In the beginning of the 19th century it was transferred to Prussia, to which it remained, as part of the province of Westphalia, until 1946.

In 1906 the coal mine Zeche Hermann was established, transferring coal from 1,200 m under underground. The coal miners and their families lived in the Beifang quarter, which had in the origin a very rural landscape. The number of inhabitants increased from 2,000 to 10,000 in only one year, with c. 3,500 coal miners working at the plant. In 1926 the coal mine was closed.

After World War II numerous inhabitants from Beifang found work in Lünen, in a coal mine called Zeche Minister Achenbach. They were brought to that coal mine by buses. After 1965 when the houses in Beifang were sold a lot of people from the south came to Selm to live there.

In 1975 Bork, a village in the southern neighbourhood, was annexed to a part of Selm, which obtained city status in 1977.

Selm is twinned with Workington in the United Kingdom.

Historical populationEdit

The number of inhabitants shown here are from 31 December in the given year.

Year Inhabitants
1998 26,842
1999 26,967
2000 27,240
2001 27,389
2002 27,448
2003 27,490
2004 27,496
2005 27,472

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2018" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 10 July 2019.

External linksEdit