Second spouse is a title sometimes used in reference to the spouse of a vice president or a lieutenant governor,and if no office of vice president or lieutenant governor exists, of a prime minister or premier/chief minister of a republic, and to the deputy prime minister or deputy premier/deputy chief minister of a monarchy, styled relative to the title of First spouse, the spouse of a president or governor of a republic or of a prime minister or premier/chief minister of a monarchy.
In countries which have more than one Vice Presidential position (e.g. Peru, Afghanistan), the Second spouse would be the spouse of the First Vice President, the Third spouse would be the spouse of the Second Vice President, and so on.
In the United States, collectively, the vice president of the United States and his spouse are known as the second couple and, if they have children, they are usually referred to as the second family.
In South Korea, it is similar to that of the United States where collectively the prime minister and the second spouse are regarded as the second couple, and if they have a family they are all collectively known as the second family.
Although no country grants any legal power to second spouses, their duties often include the following:
- hosting during receptions at the vice presidential/prime ministerial/deputy prime ministerial residence;
- presiding over selected welfare institutions;
- accompanying the spouse in official travels;
- various ceremonial duties.
- Azerbaijan: Ilham Aliyev (Relative to First Lady and Vice President Mehriban Aliyeva)
- Brazil: Paula Mourão
- Estonia: Karin Ratas
- Guatemala: Elizabeth Cortés
- Ghana: Samira Bawumia
- India: M. Usha
- Indonesia: Mufidah Miad Saad
- Israel: Sara Netanyahu (Relative to First Lady Nechama Rivlin and to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu)
- Italy: None (Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte is divorced)
- Japan: Chikako Asō
- Philippines: None (Vice-President Leni Robredo is a widow)
- Russia: Svetlana Medvedeva
- South Africa: Nonhlanhla Patience Mnisi
- South Korea: Kim Suk-hee
- Taiwan: Luo Feng-ping
- United States: Karen Pence
- "Second Lady Announces Kristan King Nevins as Chief of Staff". whitehouse.gov. 7 February 2017.
- "Mrs. Karen Pence". whitehouse.gov. 24 December 2014.
- "Remarks of Dr. Jill Biden at the White House Convening on Operation Educate the Educators". archives.gov. 13 April 2016.
- Blackwood, Harris (7 January 2007). "Georgia's Second Lady". Gainesville Times. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
- Sarah Baird (September 10, 2008). "Lieutenant Governor Recognizes National Cervical Cancer Awareness Week". Kentucky.gov.
- "Rep. Black Honors Lt. Governor Ron Ramsey on Upcoming Retirement from State Senate". Rep. Black's Office.
- "State's First Female Lieutenant Governor Lucy Baxley Dies at 78". alreporter.com. 17 October 2016.
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