Schleiz is a town in the district of Saale-Orla-Kreis in Thuringia, Germany. The former municipality Crispendorf was merged into Schleiz in January 2019.

Schleiz
Church in Schleiz
Church in Schleiz
Coat of arms of Schleiz
Coat of arms
Location of Schleiz within Saale-Orla-Kreis district
Schleiz in SOK.png
Schleiz is located in Germany
Schleiz
Schleiz
Schleiz is located in Thuringia
Schleiz
Schleiz
Coordinates: 50°35′0″N 11°49′0″E / 50.58333°N 11.81667°E / 50.58333; 11.81667Coordinates: 50°35′0″N 11°49′0″E / 50.58333°N 11.81667°E / 50.58333; 11.81667
CountryGermany
StateThuringia
DistrictSaale-Orla-Kreis
Subdivisions12
Government
 • MayorMarko Bias (CDU)
Area
 • Total94.56 km2 (36.51 sq mi)
Elevation
432 m (1,417 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total8,854
 • Density94/km2 (240/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
07901–07907
Dialling codes03663
Vehicle registrationSOK
Websitewww.schleiz.de
Postcard picture of Schleiz in 1908
Former mint building (called "Alte Münze"-"Old Mint")
Dragon fountain

LocationEdit

Schleiz is in the Thuringian Vogtland area, an area of wooded hills on the borders of Thuringia, Saxony, Bavaria and the Czech Republic. The city is located in a valley with the river Wisenta near the motorway A 9 (BerlinMünchen).

Neighboring parishesEdit

Crispendorf (6 km) Görkwitz (2 km) Oettersdorf (3 km) Löhma (5 km) Kirschkau (6 km) Zeulenroda-Triebes (14 km)
Burgk (7 km)   Pausa (13 km)
Remptendorf (12 km) Saalburg-Ebersdorf (12 km) Tanna (10 km) Mühltroff (9 km)

Distances calculated as between town centers.

SubdivisionsEdit

Schleiz includes the following subdivisions:

  • Möschlitz
  • Grochwitz
  • Oberböhmsdorf
  • Lössau
  • Langenbuch
  • Wüstendittersdorf
  • Dröswein
  • Gräfenwarth
  • Oschitz
  • Heinrichsruh
  • Crispendorf

HistoryEdit

Schleiz can be traced back to a settlement established about 1200 ("Altstadt") and a separate "Neustadt" that was established next to it. The "Neustadt" had a castle and a city wall. Until 2 December 1482 they were totally separate communities after which they combined to one city.[citation needed] There was a settlement of the Teutonic Order here, and for some years previous to 1848 the town was the capital of the small principality of Reuss-Schleiz. In the vicinity a battle was fought, between the French and the Prussians on 9 October 1806.[2]

Within the German Empire (1871-1918), Schleiz was part of the Principality of Reuss-Gera.

20th CenturyEdit

During World War 2 hundreds of women and men from several nations, including the Soviet Union were transported to Schleiz as forced laborers. At least 60 of them died there.

The palace was destroyed April 1945.[citation needed]

PopulationEdit

Trend of population figures:

1834 — 1995

  • 1834 - 4619
  • 1890 - 4928
  • 1933 - 6505
  • 1939 - 6828
  • 1960 - 7933[3]
  • 1994 - 8567[4]
  • 1995 - 9163

1996 — 2002

  • 1996 - 9528
  • 1997 - 9375
  • 1998 - 9389
  • 1999 - 9336
  • 2000 - 9309
  • 2001 - 9268
  • 2002 - 9223

2003 — 2009

  • 2003 - 9100
  • 2004 - 9069
  • 2005 - 9012
  • 2006 - 8932
  • 2007 - 8868
  • 2008 - 8824
  • 2009 - 8717

RecreationEdit

Schleiz is also the site of the Schleizer Triangle motor racing track.

 
Commemorative plaque for Johann Friedrich Böttger

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, erfüllenden Gemeinden und Verwaltungsgemeinschaften nach Geschlecht in Thüringen Gebietsstand: 31.12.2018". Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik (in German). September 2019.
  2. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 334.
  3. ^ from 1960 on always as of 31 December
  4. ^ Source from 1994 onwards: Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik
Attribution

External linksEdit