Saturnia is a genus of moths in the family Saturniidae first described by Franz Paula von Schrank in 1802. They are large moths, commonly called emperor moths though this is also used for various close relatives in subfamily Saturniinae. Most are Palearctic, but three species (S. mendocino, S. walterorum and S. albofasciata, commonly known as saturnia moths) occur in the chaparral of California.

Saturnia
Saturnia pyri.jpg
Giant emperor moth (Saturnia pyri)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Saturniidae
Tribe: Saturniini
Genus: Saturnia
Schrank, 1802
Synonyms
  • Eudia Jordan in Seitz, 1911
  • Heraea Hübner, 1822
  • Pavonia Hübner [1819] (non Lamarck, 1816: preoccupied)

SpeciesEdit

The known species of Saturnia are:[1]

Formerly placed here was the Brazilian Arsenura pandora. Whether the autumn emperor moth (Perisomena caecigena), here separated in a monotypic genus, is not actually better included in Saturnia needs to be determined; the same goes for the genus Neoris.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Savela, Markku. "Saturnia Schrank, 1802". Lepidoptera and Some Other Life Forms. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  2. ^ Paul A. Opler, Harry Pavulaan, Ray E. Stanford, Michael Pogue (coordinators) (2006). "White-streaked saturnia moth, Saturnia albofasciata (Johnson, 1938)". Butterflies and Moths of North America. Archived from the original on 2007-02-07.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link).
  3. ^ Paul A. Opler, Harry Pavulaan, Ray E. Stanford, Michael Pogue (coordinators) (2006). "Mendocino saturnia moth, Saturnia mendocino Behrens, 1876". Butterflies and Moths of North America.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. ^ Paul A. Opler, Harry Pavulaan, Ray E. Stanford, Michael Pogue (coordinators) (2006). "Walters' saturnia moth Saturnia walterorum Hogue & Johnson, 1958". Butterflies and Moths of North America.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)