Sargodha District

Sargodha District (Punjabi, Urdu: ضِلع سرگودها‎), is a district of Punjab, Pakistan. The capital of the district is Sargodha. It is an agricultural district, wheat, rice, and sugarcane being its main crops. The Sargodha district and region is also famous for citrus fruit including Kinnow, orange and lemon. The district has an area of 5,864 km2.[3]

Sargodha District

ضِلع سرگودها
M-2 Motorway entering Sargodha District
M-2 Motorway entering Sargodha District
Flag of Sargodha District
Flag
Official seal of Sargodha District
Seal
Location of Sargodha District in Punjab
Location of Sargodha District in Punjab
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DivisionSargodha
HeadquartersSargodha
Government
 • TypeDistrict Administration
 • Deputy CommissionerAbdullah Nayyar Sheikh
 • Assistant Commissioner(s)7 ACs[1]
Area
 • District5,854 km2 (2,260 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)[2]
 • District3,903,588
 • Density670/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,091,045
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Postal Code
40100
ConstituenciesNA-88, NA-89, NA-90, NA-91, NA-92
Number of Tehsils7
National Assembly Seats (2018)Total (5)


  •   PML(N) (4)
  •   PTI (1)
Punjab Assembly Seats (2018)Total (10)


Websitehttps://sargodha.punjab.gov.pk/

Administration and tehsilsEdit

Sargodha city is the administrative headquarter of Sargodha Division and handles the population of about 8.1 million.[2] Sargodha District is administratively divided into Seven Tehsils, which contain a total of 161 Union Councils.[4] Following are the seven tehsils of Sargodha district:[5]

DemographicsEdit

The population of Sargodha grew rapidly with the arrival of Muslim refugees from East Punjab, fleeing from the religious violence that followed the partition of India and the independence of Pakistan in 1947. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the district had a population of 2,665,979 of which 27.96% lived in urban settlements.[6]

The most widely spoken language of the district is Punjabi, which according to the 1998 census is the first language[7] of 93% of the population, and Urdu – of 6%.[8] The below list shows the population of each of the seven tehsils of Sargodha district according to the 2017 Census of Pakistan along with area:

Tehsil Population
(2017 Census)
Area
km² (sqmi)
Sargodha 1,537,866[9] 1,455 (561.8)
Kot Momin 453,562[10] 891 (344.0)
Bhalwal 357,331[11] 557 (215.1)
Shahpur 353,969[12] 787 (303.9)
Silanwali 344,465[13] 610 (235.5)
Sahiwal 341,247[14] 759 (293.1)
Bhera 315,148[15] 722 (278.8)

EtymologyEdit

It is believed that there was an old pond in the middle of the town where an old Hindu monk or sadhu (godha) used to live. The Hindi word for pond is "ser".[16] Since the town had a modest population, people would refer the place as sergodha, the place where that famous Sadhu resided next to the pond.[17]

Citrus-producing regionEdit

Sargodha District is among the world's best Citrus-producing region. Sargodha District is well known for its kinnow, a citrus variety.[18]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://m.facebook.com/deputycommissionersgd/
  2. ^ a b "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017.
  3. ^ District Wise – Sargodha Archived 2008-01-04 at Archive.today
  4. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Sargodha – Government of Pakistan Archived 9 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Nrb.gov.pk. Retrieved on 2012-07-01.
  5. ^ http://www.pbs.gov.pk/content/district-glance-sargodha
  6. ^ Urban Resource Centre. urckarachi.org
  7. ^ "Mother tongue": defined as the language of communication between parents and children and recorded of each individual.
  8. ^ 1998 District Census report of Sargodha. Census publication. 36. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999.
  9. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/pakistan-distr-admin.php?adm2id=73001
  10. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/pakistan-distr-admin.php?adm2id=73007
  11. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/pakistan-distr-admin.php?adm2id=73005
  12. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/pakistan-distr-admin.php?adm2id=73003
  13. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/pakistan-distr-admin.php?adm2id=73002
  14. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/pakistan-distr-admin.php?adm2id=73004
  15. ^ https://www.citypopulation.de/php/pakistan-distr-admin.php?adm2id=73006
  16. ^ Portrait of Pakistan. Ferozsons. 1994. ISBN 9789690101051. Retrieved 31 December 2007. The district derives its name for the headquarters town of Sargodha, which is a combination of "Sar" and "Godha". "Sar" is a Hindi word which denotes a water...
  17. ^ Pakistan tourism directory. Holiday Weekly. 1997. Retrieved 31 December 2007. Sargodha is a colony town established in 1903, but its origins are older. Sargodha is a combination of the words "Sar" meaning a pond and "Godha"...
  18. ^ Mahmood, Amjad (21 December 2020). "Sarghoda's citrus claim to fame". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 27 December 2020.

Coordinates: 32°10′N 72°30′E / 32.167°N 72.500°E / 32.167; 72.500