Sakai (坂井市, Sakai-shi) is a city located in Fukui Prefecture, Japan. As of 10 May 2018, the city had an estimated population of 92,210 in 31,509 households and the population density of 550 persons per km².[1] The total area of the city was 209.67 square kilometres (80.95 sq mi).


Sakai City Hall
Sakai City Hall
Flag of Sakai
Official seal of Sakai
Location of Sakai in Fukui Prefecture
Location of Sakai in Fukui Prefecture
Sakai is located in Japan
Coordinates: 36°10′1″N 136°13′53.2″E / 36.16694°N 136.231444°E / 36.16694; 136.231444Coordinates: 36°10′1″N 136°13′53.2″E / 36.16694°N 136.231444°E / 36.16694; 136.231444
RegionChūbu (Hokuriku)
 • - MayorNorio Sakamoto
 • Total209.67 km2 (80.95 sq mi)
 (May 10, 2018)
 • Total92,210
 • Density440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
-TreeCherry blossom
-BirdLarus canus
Phone number0776-66-1500
Address1-1 Shimoshinjō, Sakai-chō, Sakai-shi, Fukui-ken 919-0592
Maruoka Castle


Sakai is located in far northern Fukui Prefecture, bordered by the city of Awara and Ishikawa Prefecture to the north and the Sea of Japan to the northeast, The city of Fukui borders the city to the south. The Kuzuryū River flows through the city.

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit


Sakai has a Humid climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm, wet summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Sakai is 14.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2476 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.8 °C.[2]


Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Sakai has grown over the past 40 years. The population of the city is the second largest in Fukui Prefecture. The Harue and Maruoka neighborhoods in the southern part of the city, function as commuter towns of the city of Fukui. Accordingly, its population growth rate is much higher than any area in Fukui Prefecture.

Census Year Population
1970 68,797
1980 75,983
1990 83,372
2000 91,173
2010 91,900


Sakai is part of ancient Echizen Province. The semi-legendary Kofun period Emperor Keitai is said to have come from the area that is now the Maruoka neighbourhood of Sakai. During the Edo period, the area was divided between the holdings of Maruoka Domain, Fukui Domain and tenryō holdings directly under control of the Tokugawa shogunate. Following the Meiji restoration, the area was organised into part of Sakai District in Fukui Prefecture. The epicentre of the 1948 Fukui earthquake was in Maruoka.[4] The towns of Mikuni and Maruoka were created with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889. The village of Harue was raised to town status on April 3, 1942. The village of Sakai was created on March 1, 1955 by the merger of the villages of Higashi-Jūgō, Hyōgo and Ōseki. It was raised to town status on April 1, 1961. The modern city of Sakai was established on March 20, 2006, from the merger of the former town of Sakai with the towns of Harue, Maruoka and Mikuni. Sakai District was dissolved as a result of this merger.


Sakai has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 26 members.


Sakai has 19 public elementary schools and five middle schools operated by the city government, and three public high school operated by the Fukui Prefectural Board of Education. The prefectural also operates one special education school.

High schoolsEdit

  • Maruoka Senior High School
  • Mikuni Senior High School
  • Sakai Senior High School





Local attractionsEdit

Notable peopleEdit


  1. ^ "Sakai City Population Statistics" (in Japanese). Japan: Sakai City. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  2. ^ Sakai climate data
  3. ^ Sakai population statistics
  4. ^ [1]

External linksEdit