Saint-Augustin, Côte-Nord, Quebec

Saint-Augustin is a municipality and settlement in Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent Regional County Municipality in the Côte-Nord region of Quebec, Canada, known by its large English-speaking population as St. Augustine. Its territory stretches along the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, whereas the settlement itself is located on a peninsula in the Saint Augustin Bay at the mouth of the Saint-Augustin River. On the opposite shore of this river is the Innu settlement of Pakuashipi.

Saint-Augustin
St-Augustin.jpg
Location within Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent RCM.
Location within Le Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent RCM.
Saint-Augustin is located in Côte-Nord region, Quebec
Saint-Augustin
Saint-Augustin
Location in Côte-Nord Region of Quebec.
Coordinates: 51°13′N 58°39′W / 51.217°N 58.650°W / 51.217; -58.650Coordinates: 51°13′N 58°39′W / 51.217°N 58.650°W / 51.217; -58.650[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionCôte-Nord
RCMLe Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent
ConstitutedJanuary 1, 1993
Government
 • MayorGladys Driscoll
 • Federal ridingManicouagan
 • Prov. ridingDuplessis
Area
 • Total2,058.70 km2 (794.87 sq mi)
 • Land1,254.28 km2 (484.28 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Total478
 • Density0.4/km2 (1/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006–2011
Decrease 20.2%
 • Dwellings
243
Time zoneUTC−04:00 (AST)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)418 and 581
HighwaysNo major routes

The majority of its inhabitants are Métis, descendants of Inuit and Europeans, many of whom still practice subsistence activities such as hunting, fishing, wood cutting, trapping and wild berry gathering, using both traditional and modern technologies.[4]

HistoryEdit

The area was originally inhabited by Innu and Inuit tribes, who were mostly displaced once Europeans began to exploit the area. In the late 17th century, a French post may have been established on Vieux Poste Island. Circa 1720, a trading post was established around which the settlement formed. It was first identified as Saint-Augustin–Saguenay, named after Augustin le Gardeur de Courtemanche (1663–1717) who in 1702 was granted the land concession "from the river called Kegaska up to the one named Kesesakion" for a period of 10 years and who was the King's Commander of the Labrador coast in 1714.[1][5]

The place experienced a slow growth until the lower North Shore was opened to settlement circa 1820, attracting English, American, Quebec, and Newfoundland fishing families to its rich stocks of seal, salmon and cod. They mixed with the remaining indigenous people, and their descendants, the Métis, occupied at one point some 40 different fishing communities on the shores of the area's numerous islands and bays, including Spoon Cove, Anse du Portage, Havre Saint-Augustin, and Ile Saint-Augustin. In 1870, the trading post, then owned by the Hudson's Bay Company, was rebuilt and became the site of thriving hunting, fishing, and trading business. In 1893, its post office opened.[1][4][5]

By 1986, Saint-Augustin had 833 inhabitants. It separated from the Municipality of Côte-Nord-du-Golfe-du-Saint-Laurent and was incorporated as the Municipality of Saint-Augustin in 1992, becoming effective on January 1, 1993.[1][4]

DemographicsEdit

PopulationEdit

Canada census – Saint-Augustin, Côte-Nord, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 478 (-20.2% from 2006) 599 (-4.3% from 2001)
Land area: 1,254.28 km2 (484.28 sq mi) 1,254.29 km2 (484.28 sq mi)
Population density: 0.4/km2 (1.0/sq mi) 0.5/km2 (1.3/sq mi)
Median age: 45.8 (M: 45.7, F: 45.9) 41.8 (M: 42.8, F: 41.2)
Total private dwellings: 243 243
Median household income: $.N/A $45,766
Notes: 2011 income data for this area has been suppressed for data quality or confidentiality reasons. – References: 2011[3] 2006[6] earlier[7]
YearPop.±%
1991 760—    
YearPop.±%
1996 683−10.1%
YearPop.±%
2001 626−8.3%
YearPop.±%
2006 599−4.3%
YearPop.±%
2011 478−20.2%

LanguageEdit

Canada Census Mother Tongue – Saint-Augustin, Côte-Nord, Quebec[8]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2011
470
10   80.0% 2.13% 455   16.5% 96.81% 0   0.0% 0.00% 5   n/a% 1.06%
2006
595
50   28.6% 8.40% 545   1.80% 91.60% 0   0.0% 0.00% 0   0.0% 0.00%
2001
625
70   64.3% 11.2% 555   14.6% 88.8% 0   0.0% 0.00% 0   10.0% 0.00%
1996
685
25 n/a 3.65% 650 n/a 94.89% 0 n/a 0.00% 10 n/a 1.46%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Saint-Augustin (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2010-09-24.
  2. ^ a b Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire – Répertoire des municipalités: Saint-Augustin
  3. ^ a b c "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
  4. ^ a b c Nicolas Shattler, "The People of St. Augustine" (PDF), Jacques Cartier Trail, Québec-Labrador Foundation, retrieved 2010-09-28
  5. ^ a b "Discover the region > Our villages > Saint Augustine". Tourism Lower North Shore. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-05-07.
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  8. ^ a b Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census

External linksEdit