Sahand (Persian: سهند‎), is a massive, heavily eroded stratovolcano in East Azerbaijan Province, northwestern Iran. At 3,707 m (12,162 ft), it is the highest mountain in the province of East Azarbaijan.

Highest point
Elevation3,707 m (12,162 ft) [1]
Prominence1,826 m (5,991 ft) [1]
Coordinates37°43′51″N 46°30′00″E / 37.73083°N 46.50000°E / 37.73083; 46.50000Coordinates: 37°43′51″N 46°30′00″E / 37.73083°N 46.50000°E / 37.73083; 46.50000[1]
Sahand is located in Iran
LocationEast Azarbaijan, Iran
Age of rock12–0.14 million years
Mountain typeStratovolcano
Last eruptionUnknown

Sahand is one of the highest mountains in Iranian Azerbaijan, in addition to being an important dormant volcano in the country.[2] The Sahand mountains are directly south of Tabriz, the highest peak of which is Kamal at an elevation of 3,707 m (12,162 ft). Approximately 17 peaks can be accounted for as being over 3,000 m (9,843 ft) in height. Due to the presence of a variety of flora and fauna, the Sahand mountains are known as the bride of mountains in Iran.[citation needed]

The absolute dating of Sahand rocks indicates that this volcano has been sporadically active from 12 million years ago up to almost 0.14 million years ago. Sahand is made chiefly of dacite and associated felsic rocks.

Winter sportsEdit

Sahand Ski Resort is on the northern foothills of the mountain and near the city of Tabriz. In the complex the Sahand Skiing Stadium has a 1200 meters length ski area and skiing and snowboarding is practiced in the resort. The snow sculpture competition, which runs once a year at mid-winter in the stadium, is a famous entertainment that attracts spectators and competitors from all over the country.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Iran: 54 Mountain Summits with Prominence of 1,500 meters or greater". Retrieved 2014-05-25.
  2. ^ Scheffel, Richard L.; Wernet, Susan J., eds. (1980). Natural Wonders of the World. United States of America: Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 330. ISBN 0-89577-087-3.