Saône-et-Loire

Saône-et-Loire (French pronunciation: ​[sonelwaʁ]; Arpitan: Sona-et-Lêre) is a department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region of central-eastern France. Named after the Saône and Loire between which it lies, it had a population of 555,023 in 2016. Its prefecture is Mâcon and subprefectures are Autun, Chalon-sur-Saône, Charolles and Louhans.

Saône-et-Loire
Prefecture building in Mâcon
Prefecture building in Mâcon
Flag of Saône-et-Loire
Flag
Coat of arms of Saône-et-Loire
Coat of arms
Location of Saône-et-Loire in France
Location of Saône-et-Loire in France
Coordinates: 46°40′N 04°42′E / 46.667°N 4.700°E / 46.667; 4.700Coordinates: 46°40′N 04°42′E / 46.667°N 4.700°E / 46.667; 4.700
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
PrefectureMâcon
SubprefecturesAutun
Chalon-sur-Saône
Charolles
Louhans
Government
 • President of the Departmental CouncilAndré Accary (LR)
Area
 • Total8,575 km2 (3,311 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total555,023
 • Rank47th
 • Density65/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number71
Arrondissements5
Cantons29
Communes565
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

HistoryEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801452,673—    
1806471,236+0.81%
1821498,057+0.37%
1831524,180+0.51%
1841551,543+0.51%
1851574,720+0.41%
1861582,137+0.13%
1872598,344+0.25%
1881625,589+0.50%
1891619,523−0.10%
1901620,360+0.01%
1911604,446−0.26%
1921554,816−0.85%
1931538,741−0.29%
1936525,676−0.49%
1946506,749−0.37%
1954511,182+0.11%
1962535,772+0.59%
1968550,364+0.45%
1975569,810+0.50%
1982571,852+0.05%
1990559,413−0.27%
1999544,893−0.29%
2006549,359+0.12%
2016555,023+0.10%
source:[1]

When it was formed during the French Revolution, as of March 4, 1790 in fulfillment of the law of December 22, 1789, the new department combined parts of the provinces of southern Burgundy and Bresse, uniting lands that had no previous common history nor political unity and which have no true geographical unity. Thus its history is that of Burgundy, and is especially to be found in the local histories of Autun, Mâcon, Chalon-sur-Saône, Charolles and Louhans.

GeographyEdit

Saône-et-Loire is the seventh largest department of France. It is part of the region Bourgogne-Franche-Comté. In the west, the department is composed of the hills of the Autunois, the region around Autun, in the southwest the Charollais, and the Mâconnais in the south.

In the centre, the department is traversed from north to south by the Saône in its wide plain; the Saône is a tributary of the River Rhône that joins it at Lyon and thus is connected to the Mediterranean Sea. The source of the Loire, is south of the department, in the department of Ardèche. It then makes its way in the opposite direction, forming the southwest border of the department, and eventually draining into the Atlantic Ocean. The Canal du Centre links the Saône to the Loire between Chalon-sur-Saône and Digoin, thereby linking the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic ocean. In the east, the department occupies the northern part of the plain of Bresse. In the west, its industrial heart is in Le Creusot and Montceau-les-Mines, formerly noted for their coal mines and metallurgy.

Principal townsEdit

Most Populous Saône-et-Loire communes[2]
Rank Commune Canton Arrondissement Population
1 Chalon-sur-Saône Chalon-sur-Saône-1
Chalon-sur-Saône-2
Chalon-sur-Saône-3
Chalon-sur-Saône 45,096
2 Mâcon Mâcon-1
Mâcon-2
Mâcon 33,638
3 Le Creusot Le Creusot-1
Le Creusot-2
Autun 21,630
4 Montceau-les-Mines Montceau-les-Mines Autun 18,398
5 Autun Autun-1
Autun-2
Autun 13,290

SubdivisionsEdit

The department consists of five arrondissements:

There are 29 cantons in the department and 567 communes.

PoliticsEdit

Current National Assembly RepresentativesEdit

Constituency Member[3] Party
Saône-et-Loire's 1st constituency Benjamin Dirx La République En Marche!
Saône-et-Loire's 2nd constituency Josiane Corneloup The Republicans
Saône-et-Loire's 3rd constituency Rémy Rebeyrotte La République En Marche!
Saône-et-Loire's 4th constituency Cécile Untermaier Socialist Party
Saône-et-Loire's 5th constituency Raphaël Gauvain La République En Marche!

TourismEdit

Touristic sites :

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit