Roxane Gay (born October 15, 1974)[1][2][3] is an American writer, professor, editor, and commentator.[4][5][6] She is the author of The New York Times best-selling essay collection Bad Feminist (2014), as well as the short story collection Ayiti (2011), the novel An Untamed State (2014), the short story collection Difficult Women (2017), and the memoir Hunger (2017).[7]

Roxane Gay
Roxane gay 9134940.JPG
Born (1974-10-15) October 15, 1974 (age 45)
Omaha, Nebraska, U.S.
OccupationProfessor, writer
EducationYale University
Norwich University (BA)
University of Nebraska, Lincoln (MA)
Michigan Technological University (PhD)
GenresNovel, short story, criticism
PartnerDebbie Millman

Gay was an assistant professor at Eastern Illinois University for four years before joining Purdue University as an associate professor of English. In 2018, she announced that she was leaving Purdue to become a visiting professor at Yale University.[8]

Gay is a contributing opinion writer at The New York Times,[9] founder of Tiny Hardcore Press, essays editor for The Rumpus, and co-editor of PANK, a nonprofit literary arts collective.[10][11]

Early life and educationEdit

Gay was born in Omaha, Nebraska,[3] to a family of Haitian descent.[12] She attended high school at Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire.[13]

Gay began her undergraduate studies at Yale University but dropped out in her junior year to pursue a relationship in Arizona.[14][15] She later completed her undergraduate degree at Vermont College of Norwich University and also earned an MA with an emphasis in creative writing from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln.[16] In 2010, Gay received a Ph.D. in Rhetoric and Technical Communication from Michigan Technological University;[17] her dissertation is titled Subverting the Subject Position: Toward a New Discourse About Students as Writers and Engineering Students as Technical Communicators. Dr. Ann Brady served as her dissertation advisor.[18]


After completing her Ph.D., Gay began her academic teaching career in the fall 2010 at Eastern Illinois University,[19] where she was assistant professor of English. While at EIU, in addition to her teaching duties, she was a contributing editor for Bluestem magazine[20] and she also founded Tiny Hardcore Press. Gay worked at Eastern Illinois University until the end of the 2013–14 academic year, and was an associate professor of creative writing in the MFA program at Purdue University from August 2014 until 2018.[10][21] Gay announced her departure from Purdue in October, 2018, voicing concerns about the fairness of her compensation and noting Purdue had failed to address the issue.[22] For the spring of 2019, Gay is serving as visiting professor at Yale University.[22]

Gay published a short story collection Ayiti (2011), then two books in 2014: the novel An Untamed State and the essay collection Bad Feminist (2014),[7] leading one Time Magazine reviewer to declare, "Let this be the year of Roxane Gay."[23] The review noted of her inclusive style: "Gay’s writing is simple and direct, but never cold or sterile. She directly confronts complex issues of identity and privilege, but it’s always accessible and insightful."[23]

An Untamed StateEdit

In 2014, Gay published her debut novel, An Untamed State, which centers around Mireille Duval Jameson, a Haitian-American woman who is kidnapped for ransom. The novel explores the interconnected themes of race, privilege, sexual violence, family, and the immigrant experience.[24] An Untamed State is often referred to as a fairy tale because of its structure and style, especially in reference to the opening sentence, "Once upon a time, in a far-off land, I was kidnapped by a gang of fearless yet terrified young men with so much impossible hope beating inside their bodies it burned their very skin and strengthened their will right through their bones," and the author's exploration of the American dream and courtship of Mireille's parents.[24][24][25]

The novel received critical acclaim, with The Guardian review by Attica Locke calling it "a breathtaking debut novel"[25] and The Washington Post crediting it as "a smart, searing novel."[26]

Bad FeministEdit

Gay's collection of essays, Bad Feminist, was released in 2014 to widespread acclaim; it addresses both cultural and political issues, and became a New York Times best-seller.[27] A Time magazine reviewer dubbed Bad Feminist "a manual on how to be human" and called Gay the "gift that keeps on giving."[28] In a 2014 interview with the magazine, Gay explained her role as a feminist and how it has influenced her writing: "In each of these essays, I’m very much trying to show how feminism influences my life for better or worse. It just shows what it’s like to move through the world as a woman. It’s not even about feminism per se, it’s about humanity and empathy."[28]

In The Guardian, critic Kira Cochrane offered a similar assessment, "While online discourse is often characterised by extreme, polarised opinions, her writing is distinct for being subtle and discursive, with an ability to see around corners, to recognise other points of view while carefully advancing her own. In print, on Twitter and in person, Gay has the voice of the friend you call first for advice, calm and sane as well as funny, someone who has seen a lot and takes no prisoners."[29]

A group of feminist scholars and activists analyzed Gay's Bad Feminist for "Short Takes: Provocations on Public Feminism," an initiative of the feminist journal Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society.[30]

World of WakandaEdit

In July 2016, Gay and poet Yona Harvey were announced as writers for Marvel Comics' World of Wakanda, a spin-off from the company's Black Panther title,[31] making them the first black women to be lead writers for Marvel.[32]

Black Panther: World of Wakanda was hailed for its prominent portrayal of LGBTQ characters.[33] The comic followed the journey of two lovers Aneka and Ayo, who are former members of the Dora Milaje, the Black Panther's female security force.[34] The series follows the pair through multiple events, including the siege of their city by Thanos and the flooding of Wakanda by Namor.[33]

The series' cancellation was confirmed in June 2017 by Gay, coming just two days after the premiere of the trailer for the Black Panther movie. The last issue released in March 2017.[35] Marvel stated no official reason for the cancellation, however, feminist tech site The Mary Sue pointed to a connection with Marvel's knock against "diversity titles" and the Marvel VP David Gabriel's statement that "people didn’t want any more diversity. They didn’t want female characters out there. That’s what we heard, whether we believe that or not. I don’t know that that’s really true, but that’s what we saw in sales."[35]

Difficult WomenEdit

In 2017, Gay published Difficult Women,[36][37][38] a collection of fictional short stories that highlight women who have lives that differ from society’s spectrum of a normal life. Each story follows a different character and her journey through either a traumatic experience or what makes her different from societal norms. The women are seen as "difficult" because they push the boundaries of society's portrayal of the perfect woman.


Hunger: A Memoir of (My) Body was released in June 2017.[39] In it, Gay discusses her experience with weight, body image, and building a positive relationship with food, particularly following her experience as a childhood victim of sexual violence. Gay described this book as a testimony of "what it’s like to live in a world that tried to discipline unruly bodies."[40] The memoir received wide acclaim, praised by critics as "remarkable...ferociously honest,"[41] "arresting and candid,"[42] and "intimate and vulnerable."[43]

Following her national book tour in support of Hunger,[44][45] Gay said she found press around the book "to be very challenging, because people just don’t know how to talk about fat."[46] In June 2017, Australian website Mamamia published an interview with Gay, revealing numerous details about how they prepared for her visit, which they described as a "logistical nightmare" due to her size. On Twitter, Gay later described these preparations, including questions like “Will she fit into the office lift?” as both "cruel and humiliating".[47] In an interview with The New York Times, Gay stated the controversial event was "helpful, in that I think people get to see, in real time, what fat-phobia looks like and just how careless people can be in considering that fat people deserve dignity. So I suppose it’s a useful example of why I wrote the book."[47]

At a February 2019 speaking event at USC, in the Q&A, supporters of the Revolutionary Communist Party criticized co-speaker Amanda Nguyen's work in the U.S. government during the War on Terror;[48] in response, Gay defended Nguyen on Twitter.

Not That BadEdit

Gay was the editor of an essay anthology entitled Not That Bad: Dispatches from Rape Culture. The collection, published in 2018 by HarperCollins, features essays from Gay and 30 other authors, including actresses Ally Sheedy and Gabrielle Union.[49]

Other projectsEdit

Gay was the editor of The Butter, an online feminist writing site and sister site to The Toast, from November 2014 to August 2015.[50] The Butter featured writing on a wide variety of subjects, including disability, literature, family, music, among others.[51] The Butter ceased publishing in August 2015 with Gay stating she was "simply stretched too thin."[51]

Gay has been a US Guardian columnist from 2015 - 2018[52].

Gay was the guest judge and guest editor of The Masters Review annual fiction anthology in 2017.

Gay was featured in a five-minute segment of This American Life on June 17, 2016, talking about her body, and how she is perceived as a fat person.[53]

Gay has a forthcoming book, How to Be Heard, originally set to be published in 2018 by TED Books, an imprint of Simon & Schuster. However, in January 2017 Gay announced she was pulling the book from Simon & Schuster due to her objections to alt-right journalist Milo Yiannopoulos receiving a book deal from another Simon & Schuster imprint.[54]

She also edited the book Girl Crush: Women's Erotic Fantasies.[55] In addition to her regular contributions to Salon and the now defunct HTMLGiant,[56] her writing has appeared in Best American Mystery Stories 2014, Best American Short Stories 2012, Best Sex Writing 2012, A Public Space, McSweeney’s, Tin House, Oxford American, American Short Fiction, West Branch, Virginia Quarterly Review, NOON, Bookforum, Time, The Los Angeles Times, The Nation and The New York Times Book Review.[57]

Roxane Gay was featured in the 2016 book In the Company of Women: Inspiration and Advice from over 100 Makers, Artists, and Entrepreneurs.[58]

On February 22, 2018, on Twitter, Gay offered to write Batgirl after the departure of Joss Whedon, who stepped down as the film's writer and director.[59]

In April 2018, Gay partnered with Medium to create a month-long pop-up magazine called Unruly Bodies. The magazine explored the relationship people share with their bodies, through an anthology of essays by 25 writers (including Gay herself).[60]

In 2019, Gay and Medium went on to create a new publication called "Gay Magazine", specialising in cultural criticism.

In 2019, Gay partnered with Tressie McMillan Cottom to create a black feminist podcast titled "Hear To Slay," which was set to feature influential black women as guests, including Stacey Abrams, Gabrielle Union, and Ava DuVernay.[61][62]



Much of Gay's written work deals with the analysis and deconstruction of feminist and racial issues through the lens of her personal experiences with race, gender identity, and sexuality.[17]

Personal lifeEdit

Gay began writing essays as a teenager;[68] her work has been greatly influenced by a sexual assault she experienced at the age of 12.[29]

Gay is openly bisexual,[69] and in a relationship with Debbie Millman.[70]

In April 2018, Gay shared that she had undergone sleeve gastrectomy, a weight-loss surgery that removes 85% of the stomach, in January 2018.[71]

In November 2019, Gay shared news of her engagement to Debbie Millman.[72][73]

Works and publicationsEdit

  • Gay, Roxane (2011). Ayiti. New York/Oregon: Artistically Declined Press. ISBN 978-1-450-77671-4. OCLC 776999100.
  • — (2014). An Untamed State. New York: Black Cat / Grove Atlantic. ISBN 9780802122513. OCLC 903123484.
  • — (2017). Difficult Women. New York: Grove Atlantic. ISBN 978-0-802-12539-2. OCLC 957223378.
Selected short fiction
Other selected works


  1. ^ Gay, Roxane. Hunger: A Memoir of (my) Body. Location 282 Kindle Ebook First edition. New York, NY: Harper, an imprint of HarperCollinsPublishers, 2017.
  2. ^ "Roxane Gay". Freedom from Religion Foundation.
  3. ^ a b Gay, Roxane. "Once, I Was Pretty". Retrieved April 9, 2016.
  4. ^ "Roxane Gay". Retrieved December 3, 2013.
  5. ^ Halle, Steve (March 29, 2012). "Roxane Gay to Visit Bloomington-Normal/ISU on April 17". Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved December 3, 2013.
  6. ^ "Roxane Gay: What Does It Mean To Identify As A Feminist?". Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  7. ^ a b "About - Roxane Gay". Retrieved December 9, 2018.
  8. ^ Bangert, Dave (November 17, 2018). "Why Roxane Gay, best-selling 'Bad Feminist,' is leaving Purdue". Lafayette Journal & Courier. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  9. ^ Gay, Roxane (August 21, 2016). "Nate Parker and the Limits of Empathy". The New York Times. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  10. ^ a b Higgins, Jim (May 23, 2014). "Talking with 'An Untamed State' author Roxane Gay". The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  11. ^ "About". PANK. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  12. ^ Gregory, Alice (October 10, 2014). "Daphne Merkin's "The Fame Lunches" and Roxane Gay's "Bad Feminist"". The New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
  13. ^ John Freeman (Summer 2014). "Roxane Gay". Bomb. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
  14. ^ McArdle, Molly (February 22, 2017). "The Rise of Roxane Gay". Brooklyn Magazine. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
  15. ^ Chenery, Susan (January 17, 2015). "Roxane Gay, the Bad Feminist as Role Model". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
  16. ^ Meltzer, Marisa (June 14, 2017). "Roxane Gay's New Memoir About Her Weight May Be Her Most Feminist—and Revealing—Act Yet". Elle. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  17. ^ a b "Roxane Gay". Purdue College of Liberal Arts. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
  18. ^ "Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports". Retrieved August 3, 2014.
  19. ^ "2010–2011 Undergraduate Catalog" (PDF). Eastern Illinois University. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  20. ^ "Masthead". English Department, Eastern Illinois University. Archived from the original on April 30, 2014. Retrieved April 12, 2016.
  21. ^ Rebecca Nicholson (December 8, 2018). "Hannah Gadsby meets Roxane Gay: 'Trolls get incensed by a woman daring to think she's funny. I'm very funny'". The Guardian. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
  22. ^ a b Dave Bangert (November 17, 2017). "Why Roxane Gay, best-selling 'Bad Feminist,' is leaving Purdue". Lafayette Journal & Courier. Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  23. ^ a b Feeney, Nolan (May 7, 2014). "Roxane Gay's Riveting Debut Novel An Untamed State". Time. Retrieved April 10, 2016.
  24. ^ a b c Bass, Holly (May 9, 2014). "'An Untamed State,' by Roxane Gay". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  25. ^ a b Locke, Attica (January 7, 2015). "An Untamed State by Roxane Gay review – 'an unflinching portrayal of sexual and spiritual violence'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  26. ^ Charles, Ron (May 27, 2014). "'An Untamed State,' by Roxane Gay". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  27. ^ "Bad Feminist | Roxane Gay". Retrieved March 8, 2016.
  28. ^ a b c Feeney, Nolan (August 5, 2014). "Roxane Gay's Bad Feminist Is a "Manual on How to Be a Human"". Time. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
  29. ^ a b c Cochrane, Kira (August 2, 2014). "Roxane Gay: Meet the Bad Feminist". The Guardian. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  30. ^ "Short Takes: Provocations on Public Feminism. Bad Feminist by Roxane Gay". Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society. Spring 2016. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
  31. ^ Gustines, George Gene (July 22, 2016). "Marvel's World of Wakanda Will Spotlight Women, on the Page and Behind It". The New York Times. Retrieved July 23, 2016.
  32. ^ Blay, Zeba (July 29, 2016). "Roxane Gay Is The Lead Writer Of A Marvel Comic. Here's Why That's Huge". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
  33. ^ a b Schmidt, JK (June 12, 2017). "Marvel Cancels Black Panther: World Of Wakanda". Marvel. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  34. ^ Gustines, George Gene (July 22, 2016). "Marvel's World of Wakanda Will Spotlight Women, on the Page and Behind It". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  35. ^ a b "Roxane Gay Confirms World of Wakanda's Disappointing Cancellation". Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  36. ^ French, Agatha (May 11, 2017). "Roxane Gay and Randa Jarrar talk Twitter, 'Difficult Women' and kink in L.A." Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  37. ^ Newman, Sandra (February 10, 2017). "Difficult Women by Roxane Gay review – bold feminist stories". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  38. ^ "Roxane Gay's new book 'Difficult Women' proves her power". Los Angeles Times. January 12, 2017. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  39. ^ Christian Holub, "Roxane Gay announces Difficult Women, delays Hunger", Entertainment Weekly, June 17, 2016.
  40. ^ Bronis, Leeor. "I Want Your Job: Roxane Gay, Author Of 'Bad Feminist'". Elite Daily. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
  41. ^ Carroll, Rebecca (June 8, 2017). "'Hunger,' Roxane Gay's striking memoir of food, trauma and the body, is ferociously honest". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  42. ^ Green, Adrienne. "Roxane Gay's 'Hunger' Is a Searing Memoir About Weight and Trauma". The Atlantic. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  43. ^ "Roxane Gay's new memoir, Hunger, is intimate, vulnerable, and radical". Vox. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  44. ^ "Roxane Gay to Embark on 'Hunger' Book Tour — Exclusive". March 31, 2017. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  45. ^ Masad, Ilana (April 4, 2017). "Roxane Gay Taking HUNGER Across America". BOOK RIOT. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  46. ^ "In Hunger, Roxane Gay Says What No One Else Will About Being Fat in America". Vogue. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  47. ^ a b Fortin, Jacey (June 13, 2017). "Roxane Gay Promotes New Book and Calls Out Podcast for 'Fat-Phobia'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  48. ^
  49. ^ Flood, Alison (November 6, 2017). "Roxane Gay to edit anthology of 'dispatches from rape culture'". The Guardian. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  50. ^ Gay, Roxane (November 17, 2014). "The Butter: FAQs". The Toast. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  51. ^ a b Gay, Roxane (August 28, 2015). "A Buttery Farewell". The Toast. Archived from the original on January 27, 2018. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  52. ^ "Roxane Gay | The Guardian". the Guardian. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  53. ^ "589: Tell Me I'm Fat". This American Life. June 17, 2016. Retrieved July 6, 2016.
  54. ^ Gay, Roxane. "Roxane Gay pulls book from Simon & Schuster over Milo Yiannopoulos deal". Retrieved January 25, 2017.
  55. ^ "Roxane Gay". Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  56. ^ "Roxane Gay – HTMLGIANT".
  57. ^ "Posts by Roxane Gay". Rumpus Magazine. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
  58. ^ Bonney, Grace (2016). In the Company of Women. New York, NY: Workman Publishing Co. p. 85. ISBN 9781579655976.
  59. ^ "Roxane Gay Offers to Write 'Batgirl' Movie After Joss Whedon's Departure".
  60. ^ Gay, Roxane. "The Body Is Unruly – Unruly Bodies". Medium. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
  61. ^ Wilson, Kristian. "Roxane Gay's Podcast With Tressie McMillan Cottom Is Called 'Hear To Slay' & It's Coming Out Soon". Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  62. ^ Stidhum, Tonja Renee. "Roxane Gay and Dr. Tressie McMillan Cottom to Release 'Badass' Podcast Called Hear to Slay". The Grapevine. The Root. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  63. ^ "Roxane Gay Wins the Freedom to Write Award". Literary Hub. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  64. ^ Bangert, Dave (April 5, 2018). "Purdue's Roxane Gay, best-selling author, awarded Guggenheim Fellowship". Journal & Courier. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  65. ^ "Monstress and My Favorite Thing Is Monsters Are Top Winners at 2018 Eisner Awards".
  66. ^ "John Rechy and Roxane Gay Among Winners at 2018 Lambda Literary Awards". Grove Atlantic. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  67. ^ "John Rechy and Roxane Gay Among Winners at 2018 Lambda Literary Awards". Grove Atlantic. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  68. ^ Tietzel, Nina (June 4, 2015). "Roxane Gay: Writer and self-proclaimed 'bad feminist' talks truth and fiction". ABC. Retrieved June 5, 2015.
  69. ^ Gay, Roxane (October 11, 2015). "Twitter". Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  70. ^ "Roxane Gay and Debbie Millman Are Girlfriends, Invite Us to Consider Love Might Not Be a Lie???". Autostraddle. June 18, 2019. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  71. ^ Gay, Roxane. "What Fullness Is". Medium. Medium. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  72. ^ Gay, Roxanne. "Tweet". Twitter. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
  73. ^ Gilchrist, Tracy E. (November 14, 2019). "Roxane Gay and Debbie Millman Are Engaged". The Advocate. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  74. ^ Waldman, Katy. "It Is Good to Be a "Bad" Feminist". Slate. Retrieved September 16, 2014.

External linksEdit