The Rothaar Mountains[1][2][3][4][5] (German: Rothaargebirge, About this soundGerman pronunciation , also Rotlagergebirge), or Rothaar, is a low mountain range reaching heights of up to 843.1 m in North Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse, Germany.

Rothaar Mountains
Rothaargebirge - Deutsche Mittelgebirge, Serie A-de.png
Map of the Rothaar Mountains
Highest point
PeakLangenberg
Elevation843 m above NN
Dimensions
Area2,250 km2 (870 sq mi)
Geography
CountryGermany
StatesNorth Rhine-Westphalia and Hesse
Range coordinates51°05′N 8°15′E / 51.083°N 8.250°E / 51.083; 8.250Coordinates: 51°05′N 8°15′E / 51.083°N 8.250°E / 51.083; 8.250
Parent rangeRhenish Slate Mountains
Geology
Orogenylow mountains
The location of the Rothaar Mountains in Germany

It is believed that its name must once have been Rod-Hard-Gebirge, or "the cleared forest mountain range", as the range has nothing whatsoever to do with the colour red (rot in German), nor with hair (Haar).

GeographyEdit

 
View from Kahler Asten, one of the range's highest peaks

LocationEdit

The thickly wooded Rothaar, rich in mineral deposits, is found mostly in Westphalia between the Sauerland in the north, the Upland (northeastern foothills of the Rothaar) in the northeast, Wittgenstein Land in the southeast and the Siegerland in the southwest; only the range's southeastern foothills are actually in Hesse. It stretches from the upper Eder and the Lenne from the Kahler Asten (841 m) southwest of the Winterberg Tableland (Winterberger Hochfläche) some 30 km to the southwest and drops off steeply towards the west, but much less sharply towards the east.

The Rothaar is a narrow, banklike, mostly over 600 m high mountain chain forming geologically a large northeastern part of the Rhine Massif (Rheinisches Schiefergebirge). Since the land's elevation averages quite high, the mountains themselves, up to the 843.1 m-high Langenberg hardly stand out from each other.

The Rothaar Mountains are more or less co-extensive with the Rothaar Mountain Nature Park, parts of which do, however, reach into neighbouring geological areas, such as the ones named here.

Bodies of waterEdit

 
Source of the Lahn

In the northern Rothaar rise, among others, the rivers Diemel, Lenne, Neger, Nuhne, Odeborn, Orke, Ruhr, Wenne and Wilde Aa. In the south rise the Dill, Eder, Ferndorfbach, Ilse, Lahn and Sieg. Over the range runs the Rhine-Weser watershed. In the farthest southwest of the Rothaar are the Obernau and Breitenbach dams.

MountainsEdit

Among the best known (but not necessarily the highest) of the Rothaar's peaks, which consist partly of porphyry, are (including all "Achthunderter", or "eight-hundreders", sorted by height):

  • Langenberg (843.1 m)
  • Hegekopf (842.9 m)
  • Kahler Asten (841 m)
  • Clemensberg (838 m)
  • Ettelsberg (837.7 m)
  • Hopperkopf (831 m)
  • Hunau (818 m)
  • Ziegenhelle (816 m)
  • Wallershöhe (812 m)
  • Bremberg (809 m)
  • Hillekopf (801 m)
  • Hoppernkopf (801 m)
  • Ruhrkopf (696 m)
  • Sackpfeife (674 m)
  • Dreiherrnstein (673 m)
  • Milsenberg (670 m)
  • Ederkopf (655 m)
  • Giller (653 m)
  • Kindelsberg (617.9 m)

The German Wikipedia has a more exhaustive list of the Rothaar's many peaks.

PlacesEdit

In the Rothaar Mountains and/or the Rothaar Mountain Nature Park or their outskirts are found, among others, these municipalities:

ActivitiesEdit

 
Sculpture Stone-Age Man near Bad Berleburg-Kühhude

Many hiking trails run through the Rothaar Mountains, among others the Rothaar Path, a 154 km-long trail through the heights, and the Waldskulpturenweg ("Forest Sculpture Way") along which are found various sculptures and other artworks by different artists.

In winter, many sporting opportunities beckon visitors to the range. Suitable facilities for this include the Postwiesen skiing area (near Neuastenberg), the Skiliftkarussell Winterberg and Snow World Züschen.

Within or on the outskirts of the Rothaar are found the Panorama-Park Sauerland and Fort Fun Abenteuerland amusement parks.

Free-ranging wisentsEdit

In 2011 began the reintroduction of free-ranging wisents into the Rothaar Mountains.[6] The project is, however, not without its controversy in the region, with cultivators in particular worrying about possible damage that the creatures might do.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pollock, J.K. and Thomas, H.L. (1952). Germany in Power and Eclipse: the background og German development, Van Nostrand, p. 424.
  2. ^ Keller, R.E. (XXXX). German Dialects: Phonology and Morphology, p. 301.
  3. ^ Deutsche Lufthansa (1953-). The tourist's atlas of Germany, p. 20.
  4. ^ Lyde, L.W. (1926). The continent of Europe, Macmillan, pp. 306 and 329.
  5. ^ Clapham, Sir John Harold et al. (1941). The Cambridge Economic History of Europe from the Decline of the Roman Empire: The agrarian life of the Middle Ages, Cambridge University Press, p. 29.
  6. ^ "Wisent-welt". Retrieved 11 December 2017.

External linksEdit