Ronshausen is a community and a Luftkurort (“air spa”) in Hersfeld-Rotenburg district in northeastern Hesse, Germany.

Coat of arms of Ronshausen
Coat of arms
Location of Ronshausen within Hersfeld-Rotenburg district
ThuringiaVogelsbergkreisFulda (district)Schwalm-Eder-KreisWerra-Meißner-KreisAlheimRotenburg an der FuldaCornbergNentershausenBebraBebraWildeckHeringenPhilippsthalFriedewaldLudwigsauNeuensteinHohenrodaSchenklengsfeldSchenklengsfeldHauneckHaunetalNiederaulaKirchheimBreitenbach am HerzbergRonshausenBad HersfeldRonshausen in HEF.svg
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Ronshausen is located in Germany
Ronshausen is located in Hesse
Coordinates: 50°57′N 09°51′E / 50.950°N 9.850°E / 50.950; 9.850Coordinates: 50°57′N 09°51′E / 50.950°N 9.850°E / 50.950; 9.850
Admin. regionKassel
 • MayorFriedhold Zilch (SPD)
 • Total37.65 km2 (14.54 sq mi)
Highest elevation
469 m (1,539 ft)
Lowest elevation
234 m (768 ft)
 • Total2,270
 • Density60/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
Dialling codes06622
Vehicle registrationHEF



The community lies in the valley of the Ulfe, which in Bebra empties into the Fulda. It lies in the Seulingswald and the Richelsdorf Hills (ranges).

The nearest major towns are Bad Hersfeld (some 15 km to the southwest), Rotenburg (some 12 km to the northwest) and Eisenach (some 35 km to the east).

Neighbouring communitiesEdit

Ronshausen borders in the northwest on the town of Bebra (outlying centre of Weiterode), in the northeast on the community of Nentershausen, in the east on the community of Wildeck, in the south Friedewald and in the west on the community of Ludwigsau (all in Hersfeld-Rotenburg).

Constituent communitiesEdit

Ronshausen has only one outlying Ortsteil, Machtlos.


In 1061, Ronshausen had its first documentary mention as Runteshuson in a donation document to the Fulda Abbey. The outlying centre of Machtlos had its first documentary mention as villa Mechtolves in 1329. The name Mechtolves meant “the mighty wolf”

From 1359, a toll station was set up at Ronshausen, which exacted road tolls for the Ulfestraße (road) until 1834. As early as 1386, Ronshausen belonged to the Landgraves of Hesse.

In the Thirty Years' War from 1618 to 1648 and the Seven Years' War from 1756 to 1763, the community was abandoned several times, but already by 1780, there was a mention of Ronshausen as a big village of 468 inhabitants.

Until the mid 19th century, the community was characterized by agricultural pursuits. Only when the Bebra-Eisenach railway was built did this change. Tourism has played a rôle since the mid 20th century.

The community of Machtlos was amalgamated with Ronshausen in 1972 as part of municipal reform.


Community councilEdit

The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:

Parties and voter communities %
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 19.3 3 20.1 3
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 55.2 8 57.6 9
FDP Free Democratic Party 9.7 2
FWG Freie Wählergemeinschaft Ronshausen 15.8 2 22.3 3
Total 100.0 15 100.0 15
Voter turnout in % 62.2 72.2

The community's executive (Gemeindevorstand) is made up of five members, with four seats allotted to the SPD and one to the CDU.


Mayor Friedhold Zilch (SPD) was once again elected on 30 October 2005 with 62.7% of the vote.

Town partnershipsEdit

Culture and sightseeingEdit


  • 800-year-old fortress church with rustic Baroque paintings

Culinary specialitiesEdit

At a local butcher shop is made a local speciality called the Januar-Stracke, a kind of aged pork sausage.

Economy and infrastructureEdit


Ronshausen has a railway station on the Thüringer Bahn from Eisenach to Bebra.


  1. ^ "Bevölkerungsstand am 31.12.2018". Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt (in German). July 2019.

External linksEdit