Rolls-Royce Trent 700
The Rolls-Royce Trent 700 is a high-bypass turbofan produced by Rolls-Royce plc to power the Airbus A330. Rolls-Royce was studying a RB211 development for the A330 at its launch in June 1987. It was first selected by Cathay Pacific in April 1989, first ran in summer 1992, was certified in January 1994 and was put into service on 24 March 1995. Keeping the characteristic three-shaft architecture of the RB211, it is the first variant of the Trent family. With its 97.4 in (247 cm) fan for a 5:1 bypass ratio, it produces 300.3 to 316.3 kN (67,500-71,100 lbf) of thrust and reach an overall pressure ratio of 36:1. It competes with the GE CF6-80E1 and the PW4000 to power the A330.
|The Airbus A330's nacelle features an exhaust mixer|
|National origin||United Kingdom|
|First run||Summer 1992|
|Major applications||Airbus A330|
|Unit cost||US$23.25 million list price|
|Developed from||Rolls-Royce RB211|
|Developed into||Trent 800|
When Airbus launched its A330 twin-jet in June 1987, its only engine options included the CF6-80C2 and the PW4000.Rolls-Royce was studying whether to launch a RB211-700, 65,000 lbf (290 kN) development of the RB211 for the A330, the long-range B767 and MD-11, derived from the 747-400's -524D4D, with growth potential to 70,000 lbf (310 kN). By June 1988, Rolls-Royce was investing over $540 million to develop the uprated RB-211-524L with a new 95 in (240 cm) fan up from 86 in (220 cm) for the -524G/H and a fourth LP turbine stage up from three, targeting 65,000 to 70,000 lbf (290 to 310 kN).
In April 1989, Cathay Pacific ordered ten A330s, powered by 65,000 lbf (290 kN) RB211-524L engines and with room to grow to 80,000 lbf (360 kN), a first for Rolls-Royce on an Airbus aircraft. In June 1989, TWA confirmed an order for twenty A330s and selected the RB211-524L Trent engine for $620 million (15.5 million each), rated for 74,000 lbf (330 kN).
By February 1992, design work was completed for the 97.4 in (247 cm) fan, 67,000–72,000 lbf (300–320 kN) Trent 700 and the first test was scheduled for July. By then, the earlier 94.6 in (240 cm) fan, 65,000–67,000 lbf (290–300 kN) Trent 600 for the MD-11 was abandoned due to lack of customers. By September, the first engine was running and was to be joined by five others by the end of the year. Certification was applied for on 30 June 1991 and was granted on 24 January 1994. The first Trent 700-powered A330 flew in August 1994. Cathay Pacific introduced it in March 1995. 90-minutes ETOPS approval was achieved in March 1995, and this was extended to 120 minutes in December 1995 and 180 minutes in May 1996. The Trent 700 was the third engine to market on the A330, after GE and PW.
The Trent 700 is an axial flow, high bypass turbofan with three coaxial shafts. The fan has 26 Wide Chord Blades and is powered by a 4-stage low pressure turbine. The 8-stage IP compressor and 6-stage HP compressor are both driven by a single stage turbine. The single annular combustor has 24 Spray Nozzles. The engine is controlled by an EEC.
By July 1999, the Trent had secured a near 40% share of engine orders for the A330.
In 2009 Rolls-Royce introduced an upgraded version of the engine dubbed the Trent 700EP (enhanced performance) which incorporated a package of improvements derived from later members of the Trent engine family (especially the Trent 1000). These included elliptical leading edges and optimised fan and high-pressure turbine tip clearances. Together the improvements provided a 1.2% improvement to the Trent 700's specific fuel consumption. Some of the improvements were also made available as a retro-fit kit to existing airlines.
Further upgrades were announced in 2013 as part of the T700EP2 package (EIS in late 2016). The upgraded engine will be available in 2015 and is intended for higher gross weight A330s. This upgrade package will improve fuel efficiency by about 1% and is likely to be the last upgrade of Trent 700. It may also be available as a retrofit package in the future.
Rolls-Royce claims that the Trent 700 has the lowest life cycle fuel burn, and is the quietest and cleanest engine available on the A330. Cathay Pacific is the largest operator, with 31 Trent 700-powered A330s. Rolls received orders for 140 of the type during the Paris Air Show in June 2007.
By July 2018, it has flown 50 million hours. Rolls-Royce claims a 60% market share. By June 2019, an Aeroflot Trent 700 which entered service in 2008 had completed over 50,000 hours without requiring an overhaul – a record for a widebody engine.
- Trent 768-60
- Certified in January 1994, rated at 67,500 lbf (300 kN) for take-off. Used on the Airbus A330-341 variant.
- Trent 772-60
- Certified in March 1994, rated at 71,100 lbf (316 kN) for take-off. Used on the Airbus A330-342 variant.
- Trent 772B-60
- Certified in September 1997, rated at 71,100 lbf (316 kN) for take-off, produces additional thrust compared to the 772-60 between 610m (2,000ft) and 2440m (8,000ft). Used on the Airbus A330-243 and Airbus A330-343 variants.
- Trent 772C-60
- Certified in March 2006, rated at 71,100 lbf (316 kN) for take-off, produces additional thrust compared to the 772B-60 above 2440m (8,000ft). Used on the Airbus A330-243 and Airbus A330-343 variants.
Specifications (Trent 700)Edit
Data from EASA
- Type: Three shaft high bypass ratio, axial flow, turbofan
- Length: 222.0 in (5.639 m)
- Diameter: 97.4 in (2.47 m) (fan)
- Dry weight: 13,580 lb (6,160 kg)
- Compressor: Single-stage fan with 26 wide-chord blades, eight-stage IP compressor, six-stage HP compressor
- Combustors: Single annular, 24-off Fuel Spray Nozzles
- Turbine: Single-stage HP turbine, single-stage IP turbine, four-stage LP turbine
- Rolls-Royce Trent 7000 (successor)
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- "German Government Commits Funds To Airbus A330/A340 Development". Aviation Week. 8 June 1987. p. 35.
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- "Rolls-Royce Will Invest $540 Million In Developing Uprated RB211 Version". Aviation Week. 20 June 1988. p. 30.
- "Rolls-Royce Gains Access to Airbus Market With Cathay Pacific Engine Order". Aviation Week. 10 April 1989. p. 91.
- "Twa Confirms Orders for 20 A330s, Selects Rolls Engine". Aviation Week. 26 June 1989. p. 91.
- "Rolls-Royce Completes Design Work On Trent 700 Engine for A330, MD-12". Aviation Week. 17 February 1992. p. 67.
- "Type-Certificate Data Sheet RB211 Trent 700 series engines" (PDF). EASA. 21 February 2019.
- "Aero-Engines—Rolls-Royce Trent". Jane's. 13 February 2001. Archived from the original on 10 November 2007.
- Michael Harrison (8 July 1999). "Blow to Rolls as Boeing picks US rival". The Independent.
- "DUBAI: R-R hands over 1,000th Trent 700 for A330". Flightglobal. 13 November 2011. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
- "EP new build improvements". Aviation Week. 28 March 2009. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
- Goold, Ian (18 June 2013). "Rolls-Royce Trent 700 Benefits From Technology Development Flow-Back". AINonline. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
- "Trent 700 Technology". Rolls-Royce.
- "Rolls-Royce Trent 7000 gets ticket to fly as first production engines arrive in Toulouse" (Press release). Rolls-Royce. 20 July 2018.
- "Rolls-Royce and Aeroflot celebrate engine record" (Press release). Rolls-Royce. 19 June 2019.
- Dr Jim Scanlan, ed. (16 July 1999). "Rolls-Royce Turbofan Engines cost and performance data Spreadsheet". Southampton University.
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