Rohrdorf, Baden-Württemberg

Rohrdorf is a municipality of the district of Calw in Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

Rohrdorf
Town hall and evangelist church, Rohrdorf
Town hall and evangelist church, Rohrdorf
Coat of arms of Rohrdorf
Coat of arms
Location of Rohrdorf within Calw district
OstelsheimEnzkreisKarlsruhe (district)Karlsruhe (district)Böblingen (district)Tübingen (district)Rastatt (district)Freudenstadt (district)PforzheimBad HerrenalbDobelHöfen an der EnzUnterreichenbachSchömbergOberreichenbachBad LiebenzellAlthengstettCalwBad Teinach-ZavelsteinBad WildbadEnzklösterleNeuweilerSimmersfeldAltensteigRohrdorfEgenhausenHaiterbachNagoldWildbergEbhausenNeubulachGechingenOstelsheimSimmozheimSimmozheimRohrdorf in CW.svg
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Rohrdorf is located in Germany
Rohrdorf
Rohrdorf
Rohrdorf is located in Baden-Württemberg
Rohrdorf
Rohrdorf
Coordinates: 48°34′08″N 08°41′40″E / 48.56889°N 8.69444°E / 48.56889; 8.69444Coordinates: 48°34′08″N 08°41′40″E / 48.56889°N 8.69444°E / 48.56889; 8.69444
CountryGermany
StateBaden-Württemberg
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
DistrictCalw
Area
 • Total3.93 km2 (1.52 sq mi)
Elevation
418 m (1,371 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total1,957
 • Density500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
72229
Dialling codes07452
Vehicle registrationCW
Websitewww.gemeinde-rohrdorf.de

HistoryEdit

Rohrdorf was ceded in 1303 in commendam by the County of Hohenberg to the Knights Hospitaller, who established a Commandery in the village that existed until 1806. Control of the town via patronage was a contest between the County of Württemberg and the Electoral Palatinate that began in 1363. Württemberg triumphed when in 1440 it purchased Wildberg from the Electoral Palatinate. Between 1363 and 1440, Rohrdorf was ruled by the House of Wöllhausen as vogts for the House of Württemberg. In 1738, the Duchy of Württemberg sold some of its rights over Rohrdorf and did not regain them until 1805. Rohrdorf was assigned to Oberamt Nagold [de], which was dissolved in 1938 and replaced by Landkreis Calw. Rohrdorf began a period of urban growth after World War II, expanding to north, east, and south. There was further development in the 1970s that added the Kämmerle industrial district.[2]

GeographyEdit

The municipality (Gemeinde) of Rohrdorf is situated in the district of Calw, in Baden-Württemberg, one of the 16 States of the Federal Republic of Germany. Rohrdorf is physically located in the Upper Gäu [de], a transitional landscape between the Heckengäu and the Northern Black Forest. Elevation above sea level in the municipal area ranges from a high of 576 meters (1,890 ft) Normalnull (NN) to a low of 403 meters (1,322 ft) NN.[2]

A portion of the Federally protected Staufen [de] nature reserve is located in Rohrdorf's municipal area.[2]

CultureEdit

The Knights Hospitaller built the Church of Saint John and two palaces in Rohrdorf over the 15th and 16th centuries.[2]

PoliticsEdit

Rohrdorf has a single borough (Ortsteil), Rohrdorf, and the industrial district of Kämmerle. The municipality has been cited by the government of Baden-Württemberg as one of ten model municipalities in regard to rural development. Rohrdorf is in a mutually-beneficial municipal association [de] with the cities of Nagold and Haiterbach and the municipality of Ebhausen.[2]

Coat of armsEdit

The coat of arms of Rohrdorf is divided party per fess into a upper, red section and a lower, white section. A white Maltese cross is housed in the upper field. The tincture is taken from the arms of the House of Hohenberg, and the Maltese cross from the Knights Hospitaller. This coat of arms first saw in use since 1913 but was not adopted officially until 1956.[2]

TransportationEdit

Rohrdorf is connected to Germany's network of roadways by Bundesstraße 28. Local public transportation is provided by the Verkehrsgesellschaft Bäderkreis Calw [de].[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2018". Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg (in German). July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Rohrdorf". LEO-BW (in German). Baden-Württemberg. Retrieved 29 July 2020.

External linksEdit