Rogneda of Polotsk

Rogneda of Polotsk (962–1002) is the Slavic name for Ragnhild, a Princess consort of Rus'. She was the daughter of Ragnvald (Slavic: Rogvolod) who came from Scandinavia and established himself at Polatsk in the mid-10th century.

Rogneda
Princess Consort of Rus
Rahvałod, Rahnieda (Połacak). Рагвалод, Рагнеда (Полацак).jpg
Matchmakers Vladimir Svyatoslavich in Rogvolod (left side); Rogvolod talks with Rogneda (right side).
Reign980–988
PredecessorUnknown wife of Yaropolk I
SuccessorAnna Porphyrogeneta
Born962 (0962)
Died1002 (aged 39–40)
SpouseVladimir the Great (divorced)
IssueIzyaslav of Polotsk
Yaroslav the Wise
Mstislav of Chernigov
Predlava
Premislava
Mstislava
Ariogia
FatherRogvolod

LifeEdit

It has been speculated that Rogneda belonged to the Ynglings royal family of present day Sweden. According to the Novgorod Fourth Chronicle, in or about 980, Vladimir the Great, on learning that she was betrothed to his half-brother Yaropolk I of Kiev, took Polotsk and forced Rogneda to marry him. Having raped Rogneda in the presence of her parents, he ordered them to be killed, along with two of Rogneda's brothers. [1][2]

Rogneda gave him several children. The four sons were Yaroslav the Wise (though some accounts suggest he may have been the son of Anna Prophyrogeneta), Vsevolod, Mstislav of Chernigov, and Izyaslav of Polotsk. She also bore two daughters, one of whom is named by Nestor the Chronicler as Predslava (taken as a concubine of Boleslaus I of Poland, according to Gallus). A later chronicle tells a story, most likely taken from a Norse saga, of Rogneda plotting against Vladimir and asking her elder son, Izyaslav, to kill him. As was the Norse royal custom, she was sent with her elder son to govern the land of her parents, i.e. Polotsk. Izyaslav's line continued to rule Polotsk and the newly found town of Izyaslavl, now called Zaslawye.

After Vladimir converted to Christianity and took Anna Porphyrogeneta as his wife, he had to divorce all his previous wives, including Rogneda. After that, she entered the convent and took the name Anastasia.

LegacyEdit

Around 1825 Kondraty Ryleev wrote a narrative poem entitled Rogneda. This poem became a literary source for her portrayal in the nationalist Russian opera Rogneda by Alexander Serov, which premiered in 1865.

IssueEdit

By Vladimir the Great:

  1. Izyaslav of Polotsk (born c. 979, Kiev), Prince of Polotsk (989–1001)
  2. Yaroslav the Wise (born no earlier than 983), Prince of Rostov (987–1010), Prince of Novgorod (1010–1034), Grand Prince of Kiev (1016–1018, 1019–1054). Possibly he was a son of Anna rather than Rogneda. Another interesting fact that he was younger than Sviatopolk according to the words of Boris in the Tale of Bygone Years and not as it was officially known. That he was Prince of Rostov is very dubious but not disproven.
  3. Mstislav of Chernigov (born c. 983), Prince of Tmutarakan (990–1036), Prince of Chernigov (1024–1036), other sources claim him to be son of other mothers (Adela, Malfrida, or some other Bulgarian wife)
  4. Predslava, concubine of Bolesław I Chrobry according to Gesta principum Polonorum
  5. Premislava (died 1015), some source state that she was a wife of the Duke Laszlo (Vladislav) "the Bald" of Arpadians
  6. Mstislava, in 1018 was taken by Bolesław I Chrobry among the other daughters
  7. Ariogia (?)

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ Levin, Eva Sex and Society in the World of the Orthodox Slavs, 900-1700
  2. ^ http://freepages.rootsweb.com/~havens5/genealogy/p24158.htm

See alsoEdit

Russian royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Unconfirmed
Last known consort: Olga of Kiev
Grand Princess consort of Kiev
980–988
Vacant
Title next held by
Unconfirmed
Next known consort: Malfrida