Rocky De La Fuente
Roque "Rocky" De La Fuente Guerra (born October 10, 1954) is an American businessman and politician.
Rocky De La Fuente
Roque De La Fuente Guerra
October 10, 1954
|Political party||Republican (2018–present)|
Reform (2016, 2020)
American Delta (2016)
A perennial candidate, De La Fuente was the presidential nominee of both the Reform Party and his self-created American Delta Party in the 2016 election. That year, he was also an unsuccessful candidate in the Democratic primary for United States senator from Florida and for the Democratic presidential nomination.
During the 2018 elections, De La Fuente was on the ballot in nine states' primaries for United States Senate, all of which he lost. He campaigned as a critic of President Donald Trump's immigration policies.
In the 2020 United States presidential election, he ran unsuccessfully for the nomination of the Republican Party, but secured the nominations of the Reform Party, the Alliance Party, and the American Independent Party. He lost the March 2020 primary for U.S. House of Representatives seat for California's 21st congressional district.
Early life and educationEdit
De La Fuente was born on October 10, 1954, at Mercy Hospital in San Diego, California, the son of automobile dealer and business park developer Roque Antonio De La Fuente Alexander (circa 1923 – 2002) and Bertha Guerra Yzaguirre. His parents raised him in Mexico (Mexico City, Tijuana, Baja California), and in the United States (San Diego and Anaheim). He was educated by his parents and the Legionaries of Christ, the Marist Brothers, the Carmelite Sisters of the Most Sacred Heart, Daughters of the Holy Spirit and the Jesuits. De La Fuente earned a B.S. in physics and mathematics from the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and studied accounting and business administration at Anahuac University near Mexico City.
Between 1976 and 1990 (when he took over his father's automobile dealerships after his father had had a stroke), De La Fuente acquired 28 automobile franchises for Alfa Romeo, American Motors Corporation, Audi, Cadillac, Chrysler, Daihatsu, Dodge, GMC, Honda, and other brands. He also opened three banks (one national bank approved by the OCC and two state charter banks approved by the California Banking Commission and the FDIC), assisted living facilities in Los Angeles and Lemon Grove, California, and eleven currency exchange locations in the United States and Mexico.
In 2004, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation issued an order barring De La Fuente from participating in any FDIC-insured institution. De La Fuente appealed and the 9th Circuit reversed half the order and advised the FDIC to reconsider its sentence, stating that "De La Fuente's use of [First International Bank] as his personal piggy bank was in shocking disregard of sound banking practices and the law to the detriment of depositors, shareholders, and the public. Nevertheless, we remand this matter to the Board for it to consider, in light of this disposition, whether this extraordinary sanction remains deserved."
As of 2015, De La Fuente owned businesses and properties in Mexico, the United States, and Uruguay. He sees potential profit to be found in the border wall being erected by the Trump administration, as his properties include 2000 acres along the border, surrounding areas that the government will be using. He intends to set a high price for the land, saying "I'm in the business of making money."
De La Fuente campaigned for president in the 2016 United States presidential election. He sought the Democratic Party's nomination during their presidential primaries. His campaign did not win a single primary or a single delegate to the 2016 Democratic National Convention.
De La Fuente founded the American Delta Party and ran as that party's nominee with his running mate Michael Steinberg. He was also the presidential nominee of the Reform Party, which had ballot access in Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, and Mississippi. Although De La Fuente's platform was at odds with the Reform Party platform he was able to get his supporters to vote within its primaries. De La Fuente received 33,136 votes in the general election, 0.02% of the total popular vote. He received no electoral votes. In the popular vote De La Fuente placed eighth overall, behind the Democratic Party's Hillary Clinton, Republican Party's Donald Trump, Libertarian Party's Gary Johnson, Green Party's Jill Stein, independent Evan McMullin, Constitution Party's Darrell Castle, and Party for Socialism and Liberation's Gloria LaRiva.
In 2016, De La Fuente and Stein sued the state of Oklahoma over the state's high requirement for petitions. They dismissed the suit in 2017 after Oklahoma eased their requirements. In February 2018, De La Fuente won two court cases slightly easing ballot access requirements in Virginia and Washington. De La Fuente's history of ballot access suits and his victories received a write-up from the Federal Judicial Center.
On June 20, 2016, De La Fuente paid the $10,440 qualifying fee to run for the Democratic nomination in the 2016 election for US senator from Florida, over a seat then occupied by Republican Marco Rubio. He competed with Patrick Murphy, Alan Grayson, Pam Keith, and Reginald Luster for the nomination. Murphy won the nomination; De La Fuente came in fourth-place out of five candidates, receiving 60,606 votes (5.38% of the overall vote).
De La Fuente sought the Republican nomination for Mayor of New York City in the 2017 election. He joined the race claiming that private polling data showed him defeating the two Republican candidates who were then entered, Paul Massey and Michel Faulkner.
De La Fuente's candidacy ran into problems with his lack of residency. City law requires candidates to be residents of the city prior to the election. De La Fuente's campaign said that he had attempted to purchase an apartment, that the building's management refused to interview him because he was Hispanic, and that they might make a federal court case out of this matter.
On March 28, De La Fuente debated mayoral contenders Kevin Coenen, Mike Tolkin, independent Bo Dietl, Democratic challenger Sal Albanese and Republican Faulkner in an event hosted by the Reform Party of New York State (which is not affiliated with the Reform Party of the United States of America).
After both Faulkner and Massey suspended their campaigns, only De La Fuente and Nicole Malliotakis remained in the Republican primary. However, two Malliotakis supporters, with the blessing of her campaign, filed objections to De La Fuente's ballot petition signatures. On August 1, the New York City Board of Elections found that De La Fuente did not have sufficient valid signatures to qualify for the ballot, effectively ending De La Fuente's candidacy and leaving Malliotakis unopposed for the nomination.
De La Fuente ran for US Senate in nine states in 2018, seeking to show problems with the current election process, which he called "Loony Toons!" On February 26, 2018, he filed to run for the 2018 Senate election in California under the Republican Party to unseat incumbent Dianne Feinstein, but failed in the June 5 primary. He came in ninth place out of a field of 35, garnering 135,109 votes for 2% of the total. In a primary system where only the top two make it to the final ballot, this ended his candidacy. On August 8, his candidacy for Senate in Washington state came to an end in the open primary where he was one of the 32 candidates. In Florida, De La Fuente lost the Republican primary to his only challenger, Governor Rick Scott. He also lost primaries in Wyoming, Hawaii, Minnesota, Vermont, Delaware, and Rhode Island.
Some commentators criticized De La Fuente's campaign efforts. The Washington Post noted that in both Hawaii and Vermont, he drew enough votes that he theoretically may have changed the election, as had those same votes had been redirected to the second place candidate instead, that candidate would have won. Jim Camden, a columnist for The Columbian, wrote that "for this year's primaries [...] it's clear the biggest loser was Rocky De La Fuente."
In January 2017, De La Fuente stated in a court filing that he intended to again seek the Democratic Party nomination in the 2020 presidential election. He reiterated plans to seek the presidency in the wake of his 2018 election failures.
However, De La Fuente ran for the Republican nomination instead. As of January 30, 2020, he had raised $17,253 from outside sources and had loaned his own campaign $15.13 million, of which the campaign had returned $8.2 million. For the Republican primaries, he qualified as a candidate in California (where he also qualified for the ballot for the American Independent Party), Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Idaho, Illinois (where he is on the ballot but does not have delegate candidates to support him), Louisiana, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Hampshire, Pennsylvania, Texas, and Vermont, and filed in New York, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, and West Virginia. He filed in Tennessee but did not end up on the ballot.
His candidacy survived a ballot access challenge in Alabama, but he withdrew from the state before the ballot was set. He also withdrew from Arkansas, Colorado, and Missouri. His withdrawals from Arkansas and Utah came too late to keep him from appearing on the ballot. He chose to remain in Connecticut's delayed primary, despite pressure from the state's Republican Party chairman. Connecticut's Secretary of the State Denise Merrill then also requested that De La Fuente allow himself to be removed from the ballot, as Trump had already secured enough delegates to win and the voting during the COVID-19 pandemic would put the public's health at risk. De La Fuente remained on the ballot, despite that request and a campaign from the state's Republican Party to have people call the candidate to talk him into dropping out.
He received 0.56% of the 19 million votes cast in Republican primaries and did not earn any delegates.
His failure to make the initial candidate list in Michigan led both to his stating an intention to get on the ballot through submission of petitions and to his campaign manager filing a suit on behalf of a Michigan voter seeking to have De La Fuente on the ballot. He did not end up on the ballot. The Minnesota Supreme Court rejected a similar petition on January 9; in that state, the Republican party dictated the candidate list, and allowed for write-in candidates. Some states are foregoing Republican primaries for the 2020 cycle, with the Republican leadership in those states having selected incumbent president Donald Trump as their nominee. De La Fuente has named Trump, the Trump campaign, the Republican National Committee and various state Republican parties in a suit claiming that there was inappropriate coordination in an attempt to prevent competing candidates for the nomination.
In 2019 De La Fuente filed one of five lawsuits that arose against a California law requiring candidates to release their tax returns in order to appear on the state's primary ballots. That law, which was seen as targeted against the incumbent Donald Trump, was blocked by a federal judge. De La Fuente also requested a U.S. Supreme Court review of a Ninth Circuit court decision which approved California's requirements for ballot access by independent candidates, and mounted a federal challenge to Georgia's granting political parties ultimate control over who appears on their ballots; parties in Florida and Minnesota have similar control. After the lawsuit was filed, Georgia's Republican party submitted a ballot listing only incumbent Donald Trump as a candidate, choosing not to list De La Fuente and three other candidates who had been under consideration.
During the run-up to the primaries, Libertarian Party chairman Nicholas Sarwark suggested that De La Fuente run for his party's nomination, an option which the candidate considered. He did not, however, join the candidate list.
The De La Fuente/Richardson ticket is slated to be on the ballot in Florida under the Reform Party; in South Carolina, Tennessee, Mississippi, Maine, Alaska, Colorado, Vermont, Rhode Island, and New Jersey under the Alliance Party; in Michigan under an agreement between the Alliance Party and the Natural Law Party of Michigan; and in Arkansas, Tennessee, and Idaho as an independent. De La Fuente is also on the ballot in California as the American Independent Party candidate, but with Kanye West rather than Richardson as his vice presidential candidate, a decision that was made by the party without De La Fuente (or West, for that matter) being consulted.
De La Fuente ran as a Republican in the campaign for the U.S. House of Representatives seat for California's 21st district. (Unlike most other states, California has no law prohibiting simultaneously running for the presidency and for Congress.) His son Ricardo ran for the same seat as a Democrat. Neither De La Fuente lives in the district. Rocky felt that his candidacy would help his son's chances of getting the seat, which was the outcome he desired. Neither De La Fuente succeeded in this primary, coming in third (Ricardo) and fourth (Rocky) in a four-candidate jungle primary in which the top two vote getters compete in the general election. However, on the same day, Ricardo, who had previously run for the House from California's 34th and Florida's 23rd districts, won the Democratic primary for U.S. representative for Texas's 27th district.
De La Fuente married Katayoun Yazdani.
His son Ricardo "Ricky" De La Fuente has sought several congressional seats. He first ran as a Democrat in the 2017 California's 34th congressional district special election. He then, in 2018, unsuccessfully sought the Democratic nomination for Florida's 24th US congressional district. In 2020 he unsuccessfully ran as a Democrat in the California's 21st US congressional district (competing against his father, who ran unsuccessfully as a Republican) and successfully won the Democratic nomination for Texas's 27th US congressional district (where he hopes to become a resident). In 2020, Ricardo was also originally running for the Democratic nomination in Florida's 24th US congressional district.
In 2020, his son Roque De La Fuente III entered the Democratic presidential primaries in Arizona, California, Colorado, Idaho, Missouri, New Hampshire, Texas, and Utah.
|2016 Democratic presidential primaries|
|Rocky De La Fuente||67,468||0.22|
|Paul T. Farrell, Jr.||21,694||0.07|
|Keith Russell Judd||20,305||0.07|
|John Wolfe Jr.||7,369||0.02|
|Lawrence "Larry Joe" Cohen||2,407||0.01|
|Calvis L. Hawes||2,017||0.01|
|David John Thistle||226||0.00|
|Others (fewer than 100 votes each)||346||0.00|
|2016 United States presidential election|
|Presidential candidate||Party||Popular vote||Electoral vote||Vice-presidential candidate|
|Donald Trump||Republican||62,984,828||45.93||306||304||Mike Pence|
|Hillary Clinton||Democratic||65,853,514||48.02||232||227||Tim Kaine|
|Gary Johnson||Libertarian||4,489,235||3.27||0||0||Bill Weld|
|Jill Stein||Green||1,457,226||1.06%||0||0||Ajamu Baraka|
|Evan McMullin||(Independent)||732,273||0.53%||0||0||Mindy Finn|
|Darrell Castle||Constitution Party||203,091||0.15%'||0||0||Scott Bradley|
|Gloria La Riva||Socialism and Liberation||74,405||0.05%||0||0||Eugene Puryear|
|Rocky De La Fuente||American Delta and Reform||33,136||0.02||0||0||Michael Steinberg|
U.S. Senate primariesEdit
|2016 Florida Democratic Senate Primary election results|
|Rocky De La Fuente||60,810||5.4|
- 2018 Senate primaries
|California||Nonpartisan blanket||June 5||135,279||2.1||Dianne Feinstein, Kevin de León|
|Washington||Nonpartisan blanket||Aug 8||5,724||0.34||Maria Cantwell, Susan Hutchison|
|Hawaii||Republican||Aug 11||3,075||9.4||Ron Curtis|
|Minnesota||Republican||Aug 14||17,051||5.9||Jim Newberger|
|Vermont||Republican||Aug 14||1,057||2.9||Brooke Paige|
|Wyoming||Republican||Aug 21||1,280||1.1||John Barrasso|
|Florida||Republican||Aug 28||187,209||11.4||Rick Scott|
|Delaware||Republican||Sep 6||1,998||5.3||Robert Arlett|
|Rhode Island||Republican||Sep 12||3,722||12.3%||Robert Flanders|
- 2020 congressional
|Democratic||TJ Cox (incumbent)||30,697||38.7|
|Democratic||Ricardo De La Fuente||7,309||9.2|
|Republican||Rocky De La Fuente||1,912||2.4|
- Bell, Diane (December 5, 2015). "'Rocky' joins fight for President". San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
- "Rocky De La Fuente's Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- Collins, Eliza (August 27, 2018). "Midterms: Who will be GOP candidate for Senate in Arizona? Will Trump's pick win in Florida?". USA Today. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Fineout, Gary (December 5, 2019). "Florida's two-person Democratic primary — The return of George Zimmerman — Trump will share March ballot — Trouble for Nikki Fried?". Politico. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Creitz, Charlie (February 11, 2020). "Corey Lewandowski: New Hampshire could mark the end of the Biden campaign". Fox News. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
- Peters, Xander. "This guy plans to take on Rick Scott in Florida's GOP primary for Senate". Orlando Weekly. “We cannot continue to be a country that locks families and children in detention centers indefinitely..."
- Winger, Richard (June 20, 2020). "Reform Party Nominates Rocky De La Fuente for President Again". Ballot Access News. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
- Winger, Richard (April 25, 2020). "Alliance Party Nominates National Ticket". Ballot Access News. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
- Wynne, Kelly (October 8, 2020). "Here's Why You Might See Kanye West as a Vice President Pick on Your November Ballot". Newsweek. Retrieved October 8, 2020.
- "Empresario con fuertes intereses en Punta del Este va por la presidencia de EEUU" (in Spanish). Maldonado Noticias. October 11, 2015. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- "R. De La Fuente Sr., 78; Business Park Innovator, Developer". Los Angeles Times. April 30, 2002.
- "Roque De La Fuente, Business Park Innovator and Developer". Los Angeles Times. April 30, 2002. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- "De La Fuente Ii V. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation | Findlaw". Caselaw.findlaw.com. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
- Llenas, Bryan (February 19, 2016). "Longshot presidential candidate Rocky de la Fuente won't say Donald Trump's name". Fox News Latino. Archived from the original on May 19, 2016. Retrieved June 1, 2016.
- "Reported Banking Law Cases". Fedbanklaw.com. June 1, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
- "San Diego settles decades-long de la Fuente land dispute". KSWB-TV. November 17, 2015.
- Bauer, Shane (July 2, 2020). "What Is the Status of Trump's 'Big, Beautiful Wall'?". New York Times. Retrieved July 2, 2020.
- "Rocky De La Fuente Creates American Delta Party as Vehicle for his Presidential General Election Candidacy". Ballot Access News.
- "Reform Party Nominates Rocky De La Fuente for President". Ballot Access News. August 9, 2016.
- Leip, David (January 20, 2017). "2016 Presidential General Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved February 4, 2018.
- "Rocky De La Fuente and Jill Stein Dismiss their Oklahoma Appeal, Given that Petition Requirement Has Been Eased". Ballot Access News.
- "Rocky De La Fuente Wins Virginia Ballot Access Lawsuit". Ballot Access News. January 10, 2018.
- "Rocky De La Fuente Wins Washington State Ballot Access Case". Ballot Access News. February 22, 2018.
- "A Minor Candidate's Suits to Be on Presidential Election Ballots" (PDF). Federal Judicial Center. September 5, 2019. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Bousquet, Steve (June 20, 2016). "It's a 'Rocky' start: Florida's candidate qualifying window opens". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved June 20, 2016.[dead link]
- Mark Harper (June 20, 2016). "Qualifying sees Democrat "Rocky" de la Fuente join Senate field". Retrieved June 23, 2016.[dead link]
- Campanile, Carl (March 22, 2017). "Millionaire from California throwing hat into NYC mayoral race". nypost.com. New York Post. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
- Goodman, J. David (March 23, 2017). "Hey, Bo. Nice to Meet You, Rocky. Welcome to the Mayor's Race". Retrieved March 24, 2017 – via NYTimes.com.
- Kochman, Ben (March 29, 2017). "Long-shot mayoral candidates battle over big issues, but united in trashing de Blasio". www.nydailynews.com. New York Daily News. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
- Durkin, Erin (August 1, 2017). "Republican mayoral hopeful Nicole Malliotakis running unopposed after Rocky de la Fuente gets the boot". www.nydailynews.com. New York Daily News. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- De La Hoz, Felipe (August 6, 2017). "Removal of Last Primary Opponent Could Cost Malliotakis". www.gothammgazette.com. Gotham Gazette. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Fuente, Roque De La (May 31, 2018). "De La Fuente Runs for US Sen. in 5 States Simultaneously". Retrieved August 17, 2018.
- "County of San Diego - Registrar of Voters, Candidate List, 2018 Statewide Direct Primary Election" (PDF).
- "U.S. Senate - Statewide Results | 2018 General Election". California Secretary of State. November 6, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- "2018 Candidates Who Have Filed". weiapplets.sos.wa.gov. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
- "August 7, 2018 Primary Results - U.S. Senator". results.vote.wa.gov. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
- "August 28, 2018 Primary Election". results.elections.myflorida.com.
- "Rocky road: Running for Senate in six states, and against Rick Scott". www.tampabay.com. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
- Scott, Ramsey (August 22, 2018). "Incumbents Barrasso, Cheney advance to general election | Local News". wyomingnews.com. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- Garza, Marziel (June 2, 2018). "Hey California, don't vote for the guy who's running for U.S. Senate in five states". www.latimes.com. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 3, 2018.
- Fischer, Reuben (September 25, 2018). "Rocky De La Fuente ran in nine Senate primaries and lost them all". Washington Post. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- "Camden: Recount challenges, status among primary concerns". The Columbian. September 26, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- Winger, Richard (January 10, 2017). "Rocky De La Fuente Tells Court that He Plans to Seek Democratic Party Nomination for President in 2020". Ballot Access News. Retrieved January 10, 2017.
- "List of registered 2020 presidential candidates". Ballotpedia.
- "De La Fuente, Roque Rocky". Federal Election Commission. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
- Herman, Ken (September 28, 2019). "Herman: Even more to choose from. Presidential candidates you haven't heard of". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved October 6, 2019.
- "Data" (PDF). elections.cdn.sos.ca.gov. 2020. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
- Altimari, Daniela. "There will be a Republican presidential primary in Connecticut this year and Republicans aren't happy about it". courant.com.
- "Rocky De La Fuente is First Person to Qualify for Delaware Presidential Primary". Ballot Access News. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
- Michael Moline (February 13, 2020). "Time's running out to register to vote in Florida's presidential primaries". Florida Phoenix. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
- "Few presidential candidates have Idaho primary plans, but party leaders expect record participation | The Spokesman-Review". www.spokesman.com.
- Pearson, Rick. "Illinois presidential primary filing ends with Donald Trump facing two little known opponents — neither of them Joe Walsh. Democratic delegate slates show split between establishment and progressive candidates". chicagotribune.com.
- McDaniel, Alex (January 8, 2020). "2 ex mayors file to run again in day 1 of Concordia Parish qualifying". Natchezdemocrat.com. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
- "Elections: 2020 Republican Presidential Primary Candidates". www.sec.state.ma.us.
- "Sample Official Election Ballot" (PDF). Mississippi Secretary of State. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
- Ross, Alex. "Local attorney files to run for president". Roswell Daily Record. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
- "Candidate Information - DE LA FUENTE, ROQUE ROCKY". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- "Candidate Information". candidate.texas-election.com. Retrieved December 7, 2019.
- "Column: Roque 'Rocky' De La Fuente is running for U.S. president — again". San Diego Union-Tribune. October 25, 2019.
- "April 28, 2020 Presidential Primary Who Filed Report" (PDF). New York State Board of Elections. February 11, 2020. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
- "2020 Presidential Preferential Primary Candidates" (PDF). OK.gov. Retrieved December 4, 2019.
- Anderson, Patrick. "Presidential candidates file papers for R.I. primary". providencejournal.com.
- McElhinny, Brad (January 16, 2020). "Justice, putting Trump's name on the line for re-election, says he's been asked to help pitch coal to China". MetroNews. Retrieved January 17, 2020.
- "16 Democrats, 3 Republicans qualify for Tennessee's presidential primary". WPSD Local 6.
- "Challenge Filed to Bill Weld and Rocky De La Fuente in Alabama Republican Primary | Ballot Access News".
- "Rocky De La Fuente Withdraws from Some Republican Presidential Primaries | Ballot Access News".
- Benson County, Arkansas sample ballot, retrieved February 20, 2020
- "Which presidential candidates are on Utah's Super Tuesday primary ballot?". www.ksl.com.
- "What to know about Tennessee's 2020 presidential primary". Tennessean.com. February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
- Altimari, Daniela. "Connecticut's presidential primary postponed to June 2 due to coronavirus concerns". courant.com.
- "Capitol Watch Week in Review". The Hartford Courant. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
- Brooks, Spencer Alla (August 10, 2020). "Who is Rocky De La Fuente? The other republican running against Trump in Connecticut's Primary". Fox 61. Retrieved August 11, 2020.
- "2020 Presidential Primaries, Caucuses, and Conventions". The Green Papers. Retrieved August 27, 2020.
- Candidate Listing, Presidential Primary, March 10, 2020, accessed November 20, 2019
- "Michigan Secretary of State Certifies Candidates, Excludes Sole Nationwide Opposition to Trump, Includes Drop-Out Sanford". finance.yahoo.com.
- Barrett, Malachi (November 26, 2019). "Secretary of State sued for leaving Republican off presidential primary ballot". mlive.
- "2020 Michigan Official Presidential Primary Candidate Listing - 03/10/2020". Miboecfr.nictusa.com. December 19, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
- "Challenge to Minnesota's Trump-only Republican primary ballot denied". CNN. January 9, 2020. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- "Petition takes aim at state GOP's decision to limit 2020 primary choices to President Trump". Star Tribune.
- Kenney, Andrew. "Donald Trump Files For The Colorado Primary, Will Face A Little GOP Competition". Colorado Public Radio. Retrieved November 13, 2019.
- Roque De La Fuente v. Donald J. Trump, et al legal filing
- "Morning Report: About That NIMBY vs. YIMBY Mayor's Race ..." Voice of San Diego. December 19, 2019.
- "Federal judge blocks California law to force disclosure of Trump's tax returns". Los Angeles Times. September 19, 2019.
- "Rocky De La Fuente Asks U.S. Supreme Court to Take California Ballot Access Case". Ballot Access News. Retrieved November 10, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (November 23, 2019). "Rocky De La Fuente Sues Georgia Over Presidential Primary Ballot Access Law". Ballot Access News. Retrieved November 30, 2019.
- Parker, Wendy (December 3, 2019). "Georgia GOP submits only Trump's name for 2020 primary ballot".
- "Lincoln Chafee, Former Republican Senator and Independent Governor, Seeks Libertarian Party Presidential Nomination". January 6, 2020. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
- "Nicholas Sarwark Facebook post". www.facebook.com. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
- "GOP Presidential Candidate Gives Serious Consideration to 3rd Party Run". www.morningstar.com. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
- Saturn, William. "2020 Alliance Party Presidential Nomination Convention". Independent Political Report. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
- "Reform Party Nominates Roque "Rocky" De La Fuente for President, He Was Their Nominee in 2016, and Is Also the Alliance Party Nominee". Benzinga. June 20, 2020. Retrieved June 21, 2020.
- Winger, Richard (August 15, 2020). "American Independent Party Nominates Rocky De La Fuente for President and Kanye West for Vice-President". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 24, 2020.
- Winger, Richard (August 10, 2020). "Maine Says Rocky De La Fuente Has Enough Valid Signatures". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
- Winger, Richard (July 25, 2020). "Alliance Party Now Ballot-Qualified in Mississippi". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
- Winger, Richard (June 4, 2020). "Michigan Natural Law Party Appears to Have Nominated Rocky De La Fuente for President". Ballot Access News.
- Winger, Richard (June 20, 2020). "Reform Party Nominates Rocky De La Fuente for President Again". Ballot Access News. Retrieved June 20, 2020.
- Winger, Richard (August 15, 2020). "American Independent Party Nominates Rocky De La Fuente for President and Kanye West for Vice-President". Ballot Access News. Archived from the original on August 15, 2020. Retrieved August 15, 2020.
- "2020 Independent Presidential Candidate Petitions" (PDF). Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved August 21, 2020.
- Winger, Richard (August 13, 2020). "Nine Groups Used the Arkansas Presidential Petition This Year". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
- Murray, Jon (August 19, 2020). "Presidential candidates on Colorado's November 2020 ballot". The Denver Post. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
- Winger, Richard (August 20, 2020). "Vermont Posts General Election Candidate List; Will Have 22 Presidential Candidates on Ballot". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 22, 2020.
- Winger, Richard. "Only Three Independent Presidential Petitions Submitted in Idaho". Ballot Access News. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
- Winger, Richard (July 28, 2020). "Seven Presidential Petitions Succeed in New Jersey". Ballot Access News. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
- Winger, Richard (April 25, 2020). "Alliance Party Nominates National Ticket". Ballot Access News. Retrieved May 4, 2020.
- "November 3, 2020 General Election Candidate List". Alaska Division of Elections. August 28, 2020. Retrieved August 29, 2020.
- Winger, Richard (July 1, 2016). "July 2016 Ballot Access News Print Edition". Ballot Access News. Retrieved September 29, 2020.
- 2020 Presidential General Election State Candidates List, Maryland Board of Elections, September 28, 2020.
- "The Nov. 3 ballot at a glance". VillageSoup • Knox. September 3, 2020. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
- Downing, Suzanne (September 1, 2020). "Kanye for Prez? Alaskans have choices for president". Must Read Alaska. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
- "2020 General Election Candidate List". Colorado Secretary of State. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- "Updated September 3, 2020 10:30 am". Vermont Secretary of State. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- "Candidates for Independent Presidential Elector". Rhode Island Department of State. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
- "Official List Candidates for President For General Election, 11/03/2020 Election" (PDF). NJ.gov. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- Wickline, Michael R. (August 12, 2020). "Rapper Kanye West qualifies for fall ballot in state". Arkansas Democrat Gazette. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- "2020 Presidential Candidates" (PDF). Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- "2020 General Election Candidate List". Idaho Secretary of State's Office. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
- Tavlian, Alex (December 12, 2019). "How a multi-millionaire father-son duo crashed the Cox-Valadao rematch". San Joaquin Valley Sun.
- "Column: Roque De La Fuente wants to create political dynasty". San Diego Union-Tribune. December 18, 2019.
- "9-seat flip: Results of congressional races in California are terrifying for Democrats". March 4, 2020.
- "Democratic primary light on county candidates". The Victoria Advocate.
- Herman, Ken (January 18, 2020). "Herman: Wait, another De La Fuente on the ballot?". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
- "Ricardo De La Fuente". Ballotpedia. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
- "Ricardo De La Fuente's Biography". Vote Smart. Retrieved March 12, 2020.}
- Chandler, Greg (April 16, 2020). "De la Fuente pivots campaign strategy for run against Cloud". KRIS 6 News. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
- Cobler, Paul (April 29, 2020). "Political bigamy? South Texas congressional nominee just filed to run for yet another seat, in Miami". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
- Herman, Ken. "Herman: The Rockys who would be president". Austin American-Statesman. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
- Winger, Richard (December 6, 2019). "California Secretary of State Releases List of 52 Presidential Primary Candidates". Ballot Access News. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
- "Generally Recognized Presidential Candidates: March 3, 2020, Presidential Primary Election" (PDF). California Secretary of State. Retrieved December 6, 2019.
- Katharhynn Heidelberg (January 8, 2020). "Clerk confident in election security | Local News Stories". montrosepress.com. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
- Russell, Betsy Z. "Biden files for Idaho presidential ballot, bringing total of Dems on ballot to 18". Idaho Press.
- "2020 Presidential Preference Primary Candidates". Missouri Secretary of State. Retrieved January 14, 2020.
- Landrigan, Kevin. "2020 NH presidential candidate lineup". UnionLeader.com.
- Berg-Andersson, Richard E. (2016). Tony Roza (ed.). "Democratic Delegation 2016". thegreenpapers.com. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
- "Official 2016 Presidential General Election Results" (PDF). Federal Election Commission. December 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
- "Florida Division of Elections Results Archive". State of Florida. Retrieved August 17, 2018.
- "General Election 2018 - State of Hawaii – Statewide November 6, 2018 – Final Summary Report" (PDF).
- "Statewide Candidates Official Summary, Wyoming Primary Election - August 21, 2018" (PDF).
- "Florida Primary Election Results". Retrieved August 29, 2018.
- "Rhode Island Primary Election Results - The New York Times". Nytimes.com. September 14, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- "Sheldon Whitehouse coasts to victory in Rhode Island primary". TheHill. September 12, 2018. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- "U.S. House of Representatives District 21 - Districtwide Results". California Secretary of State. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
- Rocky campaign website
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Columnist Dave Barry on meeting De La Fuente
- "De La Fuente: The man challenging Clinton, Sanders". WOOD-TV. March 4, 2016.
- Rocky and Ricky De La Fuente interview on KGET regarding their competing Congressional run in California's 21st District, February 16, 2020
|Party political offices|
| Reform nominee for President of the United States