Ripley, Derbyshire

Ripley is a town in the Amber Valley borough of Derbyshire, England. It is the main administrative centre of the wider Amber Valley. It has been notable for its coal mining and mills.

Ripley
Ripley, Derbyshire.jpg
Nottingham Road, Ripley
Ripley is located in Derbyshire
Ripley
Ripley
Location within Derbyshire
Population20,807 (parish, 2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceSK 39746 50502
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townRIPLEY
Postcode districtDE5
Dialling code01773
PoliceDerbyshire
FireDerbyshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire
53°03′00″N 1°24′25″W / 53.050°N 1.407°W / 53.050; -1.407Coordinates: 53°03′00″N 1°24′25″W / 53.050°N 1.407°W / 53.050; -1.407
Arms of Ripley Town Council
CrestOn a Wreath of the Colours out of a Mural Crown Sable Flames proper issuant therefrom a Unicorn's Head Argent armed and crined Or charged with three Spearheads erect one and two Gules.
BlazonVert on a Chevron Or between in chief two Stags' Heads caboshed and in base a Fleur de Lys Argent a Chevronel Sable surmounted by a Tudor Rose barbed and seeded proper all within a Bordure also Argent thereon six Horseshoes also Sable.
MottoIngenium Industria Alitur (Skill Is Fostered By Diligence)
Granted to the urban district council on 8th April 1954.[2]

HistoryEdit

Little information remains as to when Ripley was founded, but it appears in the 1086 Domesday Book, when it was held by a man called Levenot.

In 1251 Henry III granted a charter for "one market one day a week, on Wednesday, at [the] manor of Ryppeleg: and one fair each year lasting three days, on the Vigil Day and Morrow of St Helen". Ripley Fair antedates Nottingham Goose Fair. The market day was later altered to Saturdays, with an extra market on Fridays.[3]

Medieval Ripley was just a few stone cottages and farms around a village green, with a few dwellings further afield. Corn was ground at a mill owned by the Abbot of Darley.

The Ripley area has been industrialised since the late 18th century. One of the earliest firms to take advantage of local mineral resources was the Butterley Company. It was formed in 1790 by Benjamin Outram and Francis Beresford. Jessop and Wright joined as partners in 1791. Benjamin Outram and Jessop were pioneering engineers best known for their input into the rail industry and their engineering of the Cromford Canal. Outram developed the L-shaped flange rail and Jessop engineered the cast iron fish belly rail. The Little Eaton Gangway project was one of the engineering feats they completed. The engineering part of the company closed and the site of the Butterley Company was demolished in 2010. The company was latterly in three parts, Butterley Engineering, Butterley Brick and Butterley Aggregates (all separate companies). Over the last 200 years these have dealt with steelworks, coal mining, quarrying, railway, foundry and brickworks. One of the best-known examples of the company's work is the arched roof of St Pancras railway station in London, recently restored as an international rail terminal. Recent major Butterley achievements were the design and construction of the Falkirk Wheel, a canal boat-lift funded by the Millennium Commission and the Spinnaker Tower seen in Portsmouth Harbour as the focus of its regeneration.

Ripley was also a mining community, with collieries owned by the Butterley Company until the Coal Nationalisation Act of 1947. These included Ripley colliery (1863–1948), Britain colliery (1918–1946), Ormonde (1908–1970),[4] and other pits at Upper and Lower Hartshay, Whiteley, Waingroves, Bailey Brook, Exhibition, Loscoe, New Langley and Denby Hall.

Butterley Hall, built in the 18th century, home to Benjamin Outram for a number of years and once the headquarters of the Butterley Company, is now the headquarters of the Derbyshire Police Force.

GovernanceEdit

 
Town Hall

What is now Ripley Town Hall on the north side of the Market Place was erected in 1880 as a market hall. The architect was George Eyre of Codnor. It occupied the site of a much older dwelling known as the White House. The Market Hall was originally open on the ground floor. In 1907, it was converted into a Town Hall by the Urban District Council. In the 1990s, the building was much extended to the west and remodelled by Amber Valley Borough Council to form its headquarters. In 2012, the Council proposed to sell off some of the buildings under a rationalization scheme.[5]

DemographyEdit

According to research into names in Britain in 2006, Ripley has the highest proportion of people of ethnic English origin.[6] Of Ripley's inhabitants, 88.5 per cent have an English ethnic background.

EducationEdit

Primary schoolsEdit

  • Ripley Junior School, Poplar Avenue, DE5 3PN
  • St Johns C of E Primary School, Dannah Street
  • Lons Infant School, Tavistock Avenue
  • Waingroves Primary School, Waingroves Road
  • Codnor Community Primary School, Whitegates

Secondary schoolsEdit

Pre-schoolsEdit

  • Ripley Nursery School, Sandham Lane
  • Clowns Day Nursery, Cromford Road
  • Clowns Day Nursery, Butterley Park, A610
  • Alphabet Childminders.
 
All Saints Church

ReligionEdit

The Methodist Church in Wood Street is reputed to be the oldest church in the town that is still in use. At the peak of the movement Ripley had five Methodist churches, but congregations combined over the years.[7] The church was rebuilt on the same site and reopened in November 2009. See History of Methodism in Ripley Derbyshire

An outcome of the nearby Pentridge (or Pentrich) Rising of 1817 was for the Vicar of Pentrich Church to call for an Anglican church to be built in Ripley as soon as possible. All Saints' Church, Ripley was erected in 1821 by the Butterley Company.

Other places of worship include the Salvation Army hall in Heath Road, which was opened in 1911, the Springs of the Living Water housed in the former St John's Church in Derby Road, the Spiritual Church in Argyll Road, and Marehay Methodist Chapel in Warmwells Lane, Marehay.

TransportEdit

Constructed under the premises of the Butterley Company is a 2,966-yard (2712-metre) Butterley Tunnel for the Cromford Canal.[8] The central section of the canal is disused, but a charitable fund has been formed to reopen it.

Ripley is the site of Midland Railway – Butterley (formerly the Midland Railway Centre), a trust dedicated to preserving railway locomotives, rolling stock and other items related to the Midland Railway.

Ripley was once served by Ripley railway station on the Midland Railway Ripley Branch. It was the northern terminus of the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Tramways Company and from 1932 of the replacement Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire trolleybus system. The route went through the hill towns of Eastwood, Heanor, and Codnor. The fact that the tram route was single track with no fewer than 316 passing loops made the journey long and bumpy, and gained it the reputation of being "the most dangerous tram route in Britain". The trams were affectionately called the "Ripley Rattlers".[9]

MediaEdit

Ripley's local radio station, Amber Sound FM, broadcasts on 107.2 FM in the Amber Valley and online.

Parks and natural featuresEdit

Butterley Reservoir, at the bottom of Butterley Hill in the north of the town, has pairs of great crested grebe, coot, moorhens and other birds to watch, and platforms for anglers to use. There is a footpath that takes in the scenery, with the Midland Railway Trust in the background.

Wildlife and a small woodland area can be enjoyed at Carr Wood, signposted from halfway down Butterley Hill.

At the bottom of Moseley Street, next to the Red Lion pub in Ripley Town Centre, is a recreation area named after Sir Barnes Wallis, which offers views over to Crich Stand, the Sherwood Foresters Memorial. Crich Stand was built by Francis Hurt in 1778 and in 1922 dedicated to the fallen of the Sherwood Foresters Regiment (colloquially known as the Woofers) in World War I. It is now the memorial for those in the Regiment who died in all conflicts.[10]

The Pit Top is an open area with some seating and a white arch sculpture. The grassed area is the site of the original Ripley Colliery owned by Butterley Company and worked from 1863 until 1948.[11]

Crossley Park is a few acres of grassed land opened in 1935. It is surrounded by shrubs and trees on a tract donated to the town by James Crossley in 1901. It has a children's play area with a water splash park, a paved perimeter walk, and a bandstand used as such occasionally on late Sunday afternoons in the summer.

Twin townsEdit

Ripley is twinned with the French towns of Château-Renault and Lons-le-Saunier.

Community and facilitiesEdit

The headquarters of Derbyshire Constabulary are on the outskirts of Ripley at Butterley Hall.

Ripley Hospital is a community hospital with a minor accident and emergency department that opened on 7 September 1912. The hospital was built after the death of a miner injured at Pentrich Colliery, who did not survive the road journey to Derby in time for treatment.[12]

Ripley's first Scout troop was founded in 1914. It currently has two Beaver colonies, a Cub pack and a Scout Troop.[13] It also has a Girl Guide group.[14]

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  2. ^ "RIPLEY TOWN COUNCIL (DERBYSHIRE)". Robert Young. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  3. ^ Ripley Town Council and Brian Wood, Ripley, Heage and Ambergate.People, places and events. Ripley Town Council, 2007.
  4. ^ c-David Bell,Memories of the Derbyshire Coalfields. Countryside Books, Newbury, Berkshire.
  5. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 1319727". PastScape. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
    "Ripley Town Hall". Picture The Past. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
    Pevsner, Nikolaus (2002). The Buildings of England – Derbyshire. Yale University Press. p. 309. ISBN 0-300-09591-0.
    Wright's Directory of Melbourne and Ripley. C. N. Wright. 1878.
  6. ^ Ethnicity news at Yahoo
  7. ^ Ripley Methodist Church
  8. ^ Robin Witter (7 October 2002). "Butterley Tunnel – The Illustrated Report". the Web Site for The Friends of the Cromford Canal.
  9. ^ [1] Our Nottinghamshire. Retrieved 6 April 2020.]
  10. ^ Rod Jewell, Memory Lane. Belper, Ambergate and Districts, Breedon Books Publishing Co., Derby, 1998.
  11. ^ David Bell, Memories of the Derbyshire Coalfields, Countryside Books, Newbury, Berkshire, 2006.
  12. ^ David Buxton, Pocket Images. Ripley and Codnor, 1994, Nonsuch Publishing Ltd, Gloucestershire.
  13. ^ [2]
  14. ^ Town Council site. Retrieved 30 August 2020.
  15. ^ Eve Colpus, "Slack, Agnes Elizabeth (1858–1946)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, September 2012 accessed 10 August 2017.
  16. ^ Derbyshire at VictoriaCross.org Archived 17 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved June 2007
  17. ^ R. H. Vetch, "Outram, Sir James, first baronet (1803–1863)", rev. Ainslie T. Embree, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online ed., January 2011 Accessed 13 February 2017.

External linksEdit