Richland County, South Carolina

Richland County is located in the U.S. state of South Carolina. As of the 2016 census estimate, the population was 409,549,[1] making it the second-most populous county in South Carolina, behind only Greenville County. The county seat and largest city is Columbia,[2] the state capital. The county was founded in 1785.

Richland County, South Carolina
Richland County, SC Courthouse IMG 4801.JPG
The Richland County Justice Center is located across from Columbia City Hall.
Map of South Carolina highlighting Richland County
Location within the U.S. state of South Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting South Carolina
South Carolina's location within the U.S.
Founded1785
SeatColumbia
Largest cityColumbia
Area
 • Total772 sq mi (1,999 km2)
 • Land757 sq mi (1,961 km2)
 • Water15 sq mi (39 km2), 1.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2016)409,549
 • Density508/sq mi (196/km2)
Congressional districts2nd, 6th
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4
Websitewww.richlandonline.com

Richland County is part of the Columbia, SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In 2010, the center of population of South Carolina was located in Richland County, in the city of Columbia.[3]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Harvesting red gum trees in Richland County, 1904

Richland County was probably named for its "rich land." The county was formed in 1785 as part of the large Camden District. A small part of Richland later went to adjacent Kershaw County in 1791. The county seat and largest city is Columbia, which is also the state capital. In 1786 the state legislature decided to move the capital from Charleston to a more central location. A site was chosen in Richland County, which is in the geographic center of the state, and a new town was laid out. Richland County's boundaries were formally incorporated on Dec. 18, 1799. Cotton from the surrounding plantations was shipped through Columbia and later manufactured into textiles there. General William T. Sherman captured Columbia during the Civil War, and his troops burned the town and parts of the county on February 17, 1865. The U. S. Army returned on more friendly terms in 1917, when Fort Jackson was established, which is now the largest and most active Initial Entry Training Center in the U.S. Army. The South Carolina State House is located in downtown Columbia.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 772 square miles (2,000 km2), of which 757 square miles (1,960 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (1.9%) is water.[4] Richland County is situated in the center of South Carolina.

Rivers and lakesEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areaEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
17903,930
18006,09755.1%
18109,02748.1%
182012,32136.5%
183014,77219.9%
184016,39711.0%
185020,24323.5%
186018,307−9.6%
187023,02525.8%
188028,57324.1%
189036,82128.9%
190045,58923.8%
191055,14321.0%
192078,12241.7%
193087,66712.2%
1940104,84319.6%
1950142,56536.0%
1960200,10240.4%
1970233,86816.9%
1980269,73515.3%
1990285,7205.9%
2000320,67712.2%
2010384,50419.9%
Est. 2016409,549[5]6.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2015[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 384,504 people, 145,194 households, and 89,357 families residing in the county.[10] The population density was 507.9 inhabitants per square mile (196.1/km2). There were 161,725 housing units at an average density of 213.6 per square mile (82.5/km2).[11] The racial makeup of the county was 47.3% white, 45.9% black or African American, 2.2% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.9% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.8% of the population.[10] In terms of ancestry, 9.6% were German, 8.6% were English, 7.6% were Irish, and 7.1% were American.[12]

Of the 145,194 households, 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.6% were married couples living together, 17.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.5% were non-families, and 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.05. The median age was 32.6 years.[10]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,922 and the median income for a family was $61,622. Males had a median income of $42,453 versus $34,012 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,805. About 10.0% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.[13]

GovernmentEdit

Richland County is governed by a County Council,[14] who hold concurrent four-year terms. Richland County is governed under the Council-Administrator form of government, which is very similar to the Council-Manager form of government. The major difference between the Council Manager and Council Administrator forms of government is the title of the chief executive, being Manager in one and Administrator in the other.

Board of Commissioners
District Commissioner
District 1 Bill Malinowski
District 2 Joyce Dickerson
District 3 Damon Jeter
District 4 Paul Livingston
District 5 Seth Rose
District 6 Greg Pearce
District 7 Torrey Rush
District 8 Jim Manning
District 9 Julie-Ann Dixon
District 10 Kelvin Washington
District 11 Norman Jackson

In March 2008, the Richland County Sheriff's Department acquired an armored personnel carrier equipped with a .50 caliber machine gun.[15] This acquisition was criticized by Reason magazine as "overkill".[16]

The South Carolina Department of Corrections, headquartered in Columbia and in Richland County,[17] operates several correctional facilities in Columbia and in Richland County. They include the Broad River Correctional Institution,[18] the Goodman Correctional Institution,[19] the Camille Griffin Graham Correctional Institution,[20] the Stevenson Correctional Institution,[21] and the Campbell Pre-Release Center.[22] Graham houses the state's female death row.[23] The State of South Carolina execution chamber is located at Broad River. From 1990 to 1997 Broad River housed the state's male death row.[24]

PoliticsEdit

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[25]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 31.1% 52,469 64.0% 108,000 4.9% 8,253
2012 33.4% 53,105 65.3% 103,989 1.3% 2,060
2008 35.1% 57,941 64.0% 105,656 0.9% 1,440
2004 42.0% 56,212 57.0% 76,283 1.0% 1,306
2000 43.1% 50,164 54.2% 63,179 2.7% 3,138
1996 41.1% 39,092 54.8% 52,222 4.1% 3,916
1992 41.2% 43,744 50.5% 53,648 8.3% 8,858
1988 52.7% 43,841 43.8% 36,420 3.4% 2,862
1984 57.4% 46,773 39.6% 32,212 3.0% 2,444
1980 49.9% 36,337 45.5% 33,158 4.6% 3,374
1976 46.8% 32,727 52.7% 36,855 0.5% 380
1972 64.1% 39,746 34.6% 21,462 1.3% 787
1968 51.0% 26,215 35.4% 18,198 13.7% 7,032
1964 60.4% 27,306 39.7% 17,939
1960 63.9% 20,736 36.1% 11,694
1956 30.0% 6,714 27.5% 6,154 42.5% 9,516
1952 64.2% 15,925 35.8% 8,890
1948 7.3% 670 26.3% 2,419 66.4% 6,104
1944 2.0% 140 93.1% 6,590 4.9% 347
1940 3.4% 167 96.6% 4,781
1936 2.2% 152 97.8% 6,728
1932 2.6% 119 97.1% 4,371 0.2% 10
1928 12.3% 444 87.7% 3,158
1924 3.5% 88 93.6% 2,369 2.9% 74
1920 10.8% 295 89.2% 2,434
1916 11.2% 292 87.6% 2,283 1.2% 32
1912 1.3% 23 88.2% 1,557 10.5% 186
1904 9.1% 122 90.9% 1,220
1900 12.2% 62 87.8% 445

TransportationEdit

Public transportation in Richland County is provided by the Central Midlands Regional Transit Authority.

AttractionsEdit

In popular cultureEdit

Richland County is one of few counties across the country used as filming location for the A&E reality documentary series Live PD, in collaboration with the Richland County Sheriff's Department.

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

  • Cayce (Mostly in Lexington County)
  • Columbia (county seat) (Partly in Lexington County)
  • Forest Acres

TownsEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

RegionsEdit

  • Dutch Fork
  • Fort Jackson
  • Intown
  • Lower Richland
  • Northeast Richland
  • Upper Richland

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Centers of Population by State: 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 19, 2015.
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS - 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
  14. ^ "Richland County > Government > County Council > County Council Members". www.richlandonline.com. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  15. ^ S.C. Sheriff's Department Armored Vehicle with Belt-Fed Machine Gun Archived 2008-09-04 at the Wayback Machine
  16. ^ Sheriff Lott's New Toy by Radley Balko September 1, 2008
  17. ^ "Institutions." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  18. ^ "Broad River Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  19. ^ "Goodman Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  20. ^ "Graham (Camille Griffin) Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010. "4450 Broad River Road Columbia, SC 29210-4096"
  21. ^ "Stevenson Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  22. ^ "Campbell Pre-Release Center." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  23. ^ "Graham (Camille Griffin) Correctional Institution." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010. "The institution also functions as a major special management unit with the ability to house female death row inmates and county safekeepers."
  24. ^ "Death Row/Capital Punishment." South Carolina Department of Corrections. Retrieved on August 17, 2010.
  25. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-13.

External linksEdit